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- Sustainable Mobility - A Mexico City Perspective. April 2003 México, DF. The Metropolitan Zone. Population: 18.5 millions Vehicles: 3 millions aprox. 35,000 industries 4 millones dwellings Water consumption 65 m3/s 17% de la national energy 14% emissions of GHGE.

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April 2003 m xico df

- Sustainable Mobility -

A Mexico City Perspective

April 2003

México, DF


April 2003 m xico df

The Metropolitan Zone

Population: 18.5 millions

Vehicles: 3 millions aprox.

35,000 industries

4 millones dwellings

Water consumption 65 m3/s

17% de la national energy

14% emissions of GHGE


April 2003 m xico df

The Federal District

Population 8.5 millions

Vehicles: 2.1 millions

2 millions dwellings

35.5 m3/s agua

Conservation land: 60%


April 2003 m xico df

Diagnostic

3 million vehicles in circulation

Transport registered in the D.F.:

1.7 million of particular cars

28 thousand microbuses

105 thousand taxis

2 thousand buses

The rest is cargo fleet or with registration in other states

30 million partial trips/day

20% private car

18% metro, light train and trolley-bus

62% ground public transport

80% of air polution


April 2003 m xico df

Diagnostic

Heavy traffic in problematic intersections

Insuficient computarized traffic light´s network

Bad practices

Increase time and costs

Lack of intermodal integration of public transport

Aging of concessioned public transportation fleet

Poor quality service and poor air quality


April 2003 m xico df

PM10

CO

1%

2%

16%

0%

36%

8%

40%

97%

NOX

HC

5%

13%

5%

40%

2%

52%

80%

3%

Mobile sources

Area sources

Industry

Natural sources

Local air pollutants in the ZMVM


April 2003 m xico df

CO2 emissions inventory


April 2003 m xico df

City roadways

9000 km of roads.

198 km primary roads

310 km Road Axis

552 km Main network

8,000 km Secondary network

85 % of primary roads w. average speeds of under 30 km/hr

Periferico and Viaducto with speeds of less than

20 km/hr at peak hours.


April 2003 m xico df

Mobility


Relevance of transportation

Relevance of Transportation

  • The mobility of people and goods is a priority for the Mexico City Governement

  • The mobility is determined by the origin and destiny of persons and goods

  • The lack of transportation infraestructure provoke important limitations in the city social and economic development


The mission of the city governement

The mission of the City Governement

Promote transportation infrastructure that guarantees:

  • Quality

  • Efficiency and low emissions

  • Functionality

  • Sequrity

  • Accesibility

  • To reduce trip times

  • Better quality of life


April 2003 m xico df

Sustainable Transport Policy

México City´s General Plan of Development

Integrated

Programme of

Transport and

Roadways

Environmental Policy of DF

Sectorial Plan

ProAire 2002-2010

Programme of Urban Development

Local Strategy of Climate Change


April 2003 m xico df

Sustainable Transport

Main Actions

  • Strengthen the public service owned by the GDF

  • Sustitution Programmes: Taxis, Microbuses

  • Develop a corridors (BRT) system

  • Introduction of new technologies and fuels

  • Roadways infraestructure

  • Modernization of traffic light´s computarized net

  • Non motorized transport

  • Education campaigns


April 2003 m xico df

Strengthen the public service owned by the GDF

  • Adquisition of new units & 45 trains

  • Modernization of systems

  • Inteligent Card

  • Executive project of lane 12

  • Modal integration


April 2003 m xico df

Sustitution Programmes: Taxis and Microbuses

  • Initial Programme of 3000 taxis

  • Subsidy of $15,000

  • Fixed interest rate loan

  • Lower vehicle prices

  • New colors

  • Destruction of old unit

  • Coordination with Nafinsa and commercial bank

  • 4 doors and maximum fuel effciency

  • Subsidy of $80,000

  • Destruction of old unit

  • New colors

Microbuses

Taxis


April 2003 m xico df

Construction of infraestructure in transport and roadways 2003

Distribuidor vial Zaragoza

Vehicular bridges in Av. del Trabajo & Fray ServandoTeresa de Mier

Vehicular bridges in Santa Fé- Av. Centenario

Vehicular bridges in Eje 5 Poniente

Distribuidor vial San Antonio

Vehicular bridge in Periférico-Muyuguarda


April 2003 m xico df

Distribuidor Vial San Antonio

  • Area with large traffic problem

  • Begin of construction sept. 2002

  • Finish of construction may 2003

  • 6.8 km in 5 parts of construction

  • Total construction area 66,138 m2.


April 2003 m xico df

OBJETIVE IMAGE OF ECOPISTAS

RECREATIVE

SERVICES

WORK AREAS RELATED

BICITEKAS GROUP PROPOSAL

Ecopistas (Bicycle roads)


April 2003 m xico df

ECOPISTA FIRST STAGE

FC CUERNAVACA

CONDESA CIRCUIT

CHAPULTEPEC I CIRCUIT

CHAPULTEPEC II CIRCUIT

Ecopistas

FC CUERNAVACA

EJERCITO

NACIONAL

FEROCARRIL

DE CUERNAVACA

REFORMA

CIRCUITO

CHAPULTEPEC II

CONSTITUYENTES

PERIFÉRICO

GANDHI

CIRCUITO

CHAPULTEPEC I

CIRCUITO

INTERIOR

VERACRUZ

MAZATLÁN

CIRCUITO

CONDESA

ALFONSO

REYES

DURANGO

INSURGENTES

ALVARO

OBREGÓN

VIADUCTO

MIGUEL ALEMÁN


April 2003 m xico df

Corridors initial system

To privilege phisically, institutionally and reglamentary the public transport

200 km of corridors

Initial System:

Eje 8 sur 8 km.

Eje central 16 km

Eje 3 ote 24 km

Tláhuac-Tasqueña 14 km

Potential in emissions reduction

PCF type Project


April 2003 m xico df

Corridors initial system (2)

Components of GEF Project

  • Component 1: Harmonization of sectorial strategies regarding the local air quality and the Local Strategy of Climate Change for the ZMVM.

  • Harmonize policies for the air quality, transport and urban development.

  • Component 2: Definition of an apropiate environment for the implementation of the strategies of sustainable transport.

  • Corridors

  • No-motorized

  • Modal integration

  • Component 3: To carry out field test with high capacity climate friendly transport.

  • Test Protocol


April 2003 m xico df

Corridors initial system (3)

Components of GEF Project

  • Component 4: Tecnical assistance and training for the integration of climate and air quality related considerations in the analysis and design of strategies

  • Capacity Building for corridors implementation.

  • Component 5: Comunication and public awareness

  • International comunication of the project.

  • Component 6: Administration

  • Project implementation

  • Operation

  • Results evaluation


April 2003 m xico df

Government of the Federal District

México

·

La Ciudad de la Esperanza

Institutional Participation

Introduction of Climate Friendly Measures in Transport in the Mexico City Metropolitan Area

State of Mex.

Secretary of Ecology and Secretary of Communications.

Federal Government

SEMARNAT

Center for Sustainable Transport

Project Implementation Unit

Secretary of Transport and Transportation

Secretary of Urban Development

Net of Passenger Transport

Electric Transport Service

METRO

PHRD

German Trust Fund


April 2003 m xico df

Institutional control

Technical President

Technical joint

Secretary of Environment GDF (SMA-GDF)

Permanent Guests

5 Vocals

  • Public Transport Net (RTP)

  • Electric Transport System (STE)

  • Metro (STC)

  • The General Direction of Planning and Roadways of SETRAVI-GDF

  • General Direction of Quality of Airof Secretary of Environment GDF

  • From the Secretary of Communications & Transports of GEM:

  • General Direction of Mass Transport

  • General Direction of Ground Transport

  • Coordination of Planning, Programing & Technical Control

  • Secretary of Metropolitan Development of GEM

  • Transporte Institute of State of México

  • Metropolitan Commission of Transports and Roadways (COMETRAVI)

  • Project Implementation Unit, SMA-GDF

  • Center for Sustainable Transport of México City

  • Secretary of Transports & Roadways GDF

  • Secretary of Comunications & Transports GEM

  • Secretary of Ecology GEM

  • SEMARNAT through the General Direction of Quality of Air and Polutant Registry;

  • World Resources Institute

Advisor Committe

Well known academicians and scientist


April 2003 m xico df

Aditional Resources through CDM y Trade Emissions

Negociation with Prototype Carbon Found

3 USD per Ton of equivalent CO2

1. Approval of aditional credit with bassis in CO2 reduction stimations

2. Resources for the project preparation

3. Availability of credit since the implantation of corridor

4. Credit Payment with emission reductions certificates.

5. Reduction accounted by 10 years

Trade possibility with other organisms:

CCX, Canada, CDM Bureau of UNFCCC


April 2003 m xico df

Vision

Corridor System:

Modal Shift:

Better Fuels

New social behaviors

High capacity transport:


April 2003 m xico df

GOBIERNO DE LA CIUDAD DE MÉXICO

·

Mexico

La Ciudad de la esperanza

Dra. Claudia Sheinbaum Pardo

Secretaria del Medio Ambiente

Gobierno del Distrito Federal

[email protected]

Tel. (55) 55 10 36 63

Fax: (55) 55 21 26 88

www.sma.df.gob.mx


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