Section 3 life during wartime
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Section 3: Life During Wartime. African-Americans. 10% of the Union Army Killed if caught Many left for North Sabotaged farms or led uprisings. Regiment’s leaders. All black army regiments were lead by white officers

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African americans
African-Americans

  • 10% of the Union Army

  • Killed if caught

  • Many left for North

  • Sabotaged farms or led uprisings


Regiment s leaders
Regiment’s leaders

  • All black army regiments were lead by white officers

  • Colonel Robert Gould Shaw became leader of the 54th Massachusetts in March 1863

  • Recruited men throughout Boston

    • Overwhelming positive response

    • Mainly educated, free black men


Southern reaction
Southern Reaction

  • Jefferson Davis issues proclamation

    • All African American soldiers and any white officer leading them should be punished by death


Tension within regiment
Tension within Regiment

  • Black soldiers were being paid $10 per month

    • Then $3 was withheld for clothing

    • This was NOT withheld from white soldiers

  • Many members of the 54th Massachusetts frequently refused their pay in protest of the inequality


Notable fighting
Notable Fighting

  • Fort Wagner (July 18, 1863)

    • Charleston, SC

    • 272 casualties

    • Colonel Shaw killed in action

    • Union unable to take over the fort


Legacy
Legacy

  • Word of the regiment’s bravery at Fort Wagner inspires black men to join the army

  • Lessens racial tension in the north

  • Colonel Shaw is buried with his men, all black, at Fort Wagner

  • William Harvey Carney awarded Medal of Honor


Southern economy
Southern Economy

  • Soldiers faced food shortage

    • Drain of manpower into the army

    • Union occupation of farms

    • Loss of slaves

  • Blockade created shortages of salt, coffee, nails, sugar, needles and medicine


Northern economy
Northern Economy

  • Industry boomed to keep up with war demand

  • Wages were NOT good

  • Women replaced men in the workforce

  • Established temporary national income tax


Soldiers
Soldiers

  • Hygiene was poor

    • Lice, dysentery and diarrhea

  • Poor food rations


Prisons
Prisons

  • Andersonville, GA – Confederate camp

    • Overcrowded with the North refused to return African-American soldiers

    • No shelter

    • Drank from streams/sewer

  • Northern camps were cold and soldiers malnourished

  • http://www.gpb.org/georgiastories/videos/andersonville_prison



African americans1
African-Americans

  • ____________________

  • Killed if caught

  • Many left ___________

  • ________________or led uprisings


Regiment s leaders1
Regiment’s leaders

  • All black army regiments were lead by ____________

  • ____________________became leader of the 54th Massachusetts in March 1863

  • Recruited men throughout Boston

    • Overwhelming positive response

    • Mainly ____________________________


Southern reaction1
Southern Reaction

  • Jefferson Davis issues proclamation

    • All African American soldiers and any white officer leading ________________________________


Tension within regiment1
Tension within Regiment

  • Black soldiers were being paid $10 per month

    • Then _______________

    • This was _________ from white soldiers

  • Many members of the 54th Massachusetts frequently _________________________________________________________


Notable fighting1
Notable Fighting

  • Fort Wagner (July 18, 1863)

    • Charleston, SC

    • __________________

    • Colonel Shaw killed in action

    • ______________to take over the fort


Legacy1
Legacy

  • Word of the regiment’s bravery at Fort Wagner inspires _______________________

  • Lessens racial ________________________

  • _____________________, all black, at Fort Wagner

  • William Harvey Carney awarded _______________________________


Southern economy1
Southern Economy

  • Soldiers faced food shortage

    • ________________into the army

    • Union occupation ___________

    • Loss of ____________

  • Blockade created shortages of ____________________________________________________


Northern economy1
Northern Economy

  • Industry boomed to keep up with war demand

  • Wages were NOT good

  • ______________men in the workforce

  • Established temporary national ________________


Soldiers1
Soldiers

  • Hygiene was poor

    • __________________________

  • Poor food rations

  • Wounds usually led to amputation and death


Prisons1
Prisons

  • Andersonville, GA – Confederate camp

    • ______________________________________________________

    • No shelter

    • Drank from ________________

  • Northern camps were cold and soldiers malnourished

  • http://www.gpb.org/georgiastories/videos/andersonville_prison


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