Latin american history
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Latin American History PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Latin American History. From Early Empires to Conquest. Early Civilizations. Olmec (1500-400 BCE) Southern Mexico coastal Mother of Central America Mayan (100-900 CE) Southern Mexico, Guatemala Calendar, concept of 0 (zero) Aztec (1300-1525 CE) Central Mexico

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Latin American History

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Latin american history

Latin American History

From Early Empires to Conquest


Early civilizations

Early Civilizations

  • Olmec (1500-400 BCE)

    • Southern Mexico coastal

    • Mother of Central America

  • Mayan (100-900 CE)

    • Southern Mexico, Guatemala

    • Calendar, concept of 0 (zero)

  • Aztec (1300-1525 CE)

    • Central Mexico

    • Tenochtitlan, maize markets in huge cities

  • Inca (1300-1533 CE)

    • Andes—Ecuador to Chile

    • Terrace farming, roads, earthquake resistant buildings, Quecha language


Olmec empire 1500 900 bce

Olmec Empire—1500-900 BCE


The olmec

The Olmec


Inca 1300 1533 ce

Inca (1300-1533 CE)


Machu picchu

Machu Picchu


Mayan empire 100 900 ce

Mayan Empire (100-900 CE)


Mayan ruins

Mayan Ruins


Aztecs 1300 1525 ce

Aztecs (1300-1525 CE)


Tenochtitlan aztec capital

Tenochtitlan—Aztec Capital


Tenochtitlan city map

Tenochtitlan—City Map


Tenochtitlan city center

Tenochtitlan—City Center


Aztec sacrifice

Aztec Sacrifice


The europeans arrive

And then…

The Europeans arrive


Questions to consider

Questions to Consider:

  • On Columbus…

    • Why

    • What was he looking for?

  • 1494—Treaty of Tordesillas…

    • Why were all cut out but Spain and Portugal?

    • How did Pedro Cabral claim Brazil?


The methods of conquistadores

The Methods of Conquistadores

  • Hernando Cotes

    • Deception

    • Alliances of Aztec’s enemies/rivals

    • Fear factor

    • Smallpox

  • Francisco Pissarro (Pizzarro???)

    • Deception and lies

    • Captured the Inca

    • Smallpox and the flu


The treaty of tordesillas

The Treaty of Tordesillas


Weaknesses of the empires

Weaknesses of the Empires

  • Both Aztecs and the Inca

    • Lack of immunity to common European diseases—smallpox, flu, measles, plague

    • Area too big for the ruler to handle

    • Conquered peoples treated cruelly

  • Aztecs

    • Superstitions about the horse and armor

    • Spanish weapons superior in battles

  • Inca

    • Atahualpa kidnapped; no second in command

    • Politics corrupt and easy to manuver


Latinized culture

“Latinized” Culture

  • Spanish or Portuguese imposed

  • Christian religion forced by Jesuit and Dominican missionaries

  • Class System enforces

    • Peninsulars—European-born whites

    • Creoles—whites born in the New World

    • Mestizos—white and Indian parents

    • Mulattos—white and African parents

    • Indigenous—native peoples

    • Forced Africans—slaves


Slavery in latin america

Slavery in Latin America

  • 95% of all African slaves brought to Latin America

    • Most to Caribbean

    • 1/3 to Brazil

    • 5% to English colonies (13 colonies)

  • Encomienda—large farm or ranch with forced indigenous laborers and the white owner living in the hacienda


Columbian exchange

Columbian Exchange


Latin american history

Bio-terrorism!!!


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