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Tensions Increase. The Cold War (1950-1970). The Chinese Civil War (1946-1949). Following World War II and the removal of the Japanese from China, China fell into a civil war between two major groups: the Nationalists and the Communists. Who won? What was the end result?. The Communists

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tensions increase

Tensions Increase

The Cold War (1950-1970)

the chinese civil war 1946 1949
The Chinese Civil War (1946-1949)
  • Following World War II and the removal of the Japanese from China, China fell into a civil war between two major groups: the Nationalists and the Communists.
who won what was the end result
Who won? What was the end result?
  • The Communists
  • We now have two Chinas in the world:
    • The People’s Republic of China controlled by the communists
      • Supported by the USSR
    • Taiwan controlled by the nationalists
      • Supported by the USA
processing
Processing
  • What do you feel would be the feelings of the US as a result of this event?
communist china post civil war 1949 1958
Communist China Post Civil War (1949-1958)
  • Leader of the County: Mao Zedong
  • Expansionist Goals for the country:
    • Communist China takes over parts of Mongolia, Tibet, India, and Korea (the north)
life in communist china
Life in Communist China
  • Economy:
    • Like USSR-the government ruled the economy
      • A socialist or command economy
  • Economic reforms:
    • Mao took back the land and redistributed it to form communes (large collective farms)
    • No more private companies—all government controlled
    • These reforms worked!
lifestyle
Lifestyle
  • Women were given equal rights
  • Childcare given to all
1958 1961
1958-1961
  • Totalitarian control
    • People owned nothing
  • 1960: The relationship between the USSR and China ended
    • They shared a large border
    • Both nations wanted to lead the Communist Revolution
  • Mao took a step back and let others lead the party in China
    • The government relaxes without Mao
communism without mao
Communism without Mao
  • Mao learned about this and started another revolution in 1966
  • Goal: use young people to lead the revolution
    • Formed small units called Red Guards
  • The Red Guard began a Cultural Revolution
    • Major Idea of the CR: “A hero works with their hands.”
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