Ch 14 age of exploration and expansion
Download
1 / 30

Ch. 14: Age of Exploration and Expansion - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 63 Views
  • Uploaded on

Ch. 14: Age of Exploration and Expansion. Crusades. 1098-1291: 1291: last Crusader state falls (Acre) Desire of Europe to seek out new lands Hatred between Muslim and Christian . Marco Polo. 1271 Traveled to China Served the courts for years, wrote about his adventures

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Ch. 14: Age of Exploration and Expansion' - hang


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

Crusades
Crusades

  • 1098-1291:

  • 1291: last Crusader state falls (Acre)

  • Desire of Europe to seek out new lands

  • Hatred between Muslim and Christian


Marco polo
Marco Polo

  • 1271

  • Traveled to China

  • Served the courts for years, wrote about his adventures

  • Treasures brought back


Trade for asian goods
Trade for Asian goods

  • Trade with Muslims

  • Overpriced on goods

  • Desire to go to source of goods


Reasons for european expansion
Reasons for European Expansion

  • Trade (money)

  • Glory

  • Religious Zeal


Reasons europeans were able to
Reasons Europeans were able to:

  • Better Ships

  • Better navigation

  • Better military


Portuguese
Portuguese

  • (1419) Prince Henry- established school for navigators


Timeline of portuguese exploration
Timeline of Portuguese Exploration

Desire to trade with Asia, go East

  • 1444: Portuguese ships reach Senegal River

  • 1488: Bartholomeu Diaz-Rounded Cape of Good Hope

  • 1498: Vasco de Gama- reached India

  • 1509: Admiral Alfonso de Albuquerque- set up port facilities at Goa


Portuguese1
Portuguese

  • Although were very successful, lacked the resources, population and desire to make any real trade


Spanish
Spanish

  • Christopher Columbus (1492)

  • Trade with China

  • Africa trade route taken by Portuguese

  • Sail west to Asia


Vasco nunez de balboa
Vasco Nunez de Balboa

  • (1513) Travelled across Isthmus of Panama

  • First European to encounter Pacific Ocean


Ferdinand magellan
Ferdinand Magellan

  • (1519) sailed around the world

  • 1/5 of ships survived

  • Died in Philippines

  • Still profitable


1494 treaty of tordesillas line of demarcation
1494: Treaty of TordesillasLine of Demarcation


Hernan cortez
Hernan Cortez

  • (1519) connected with Aztecs

  • 550 soldiers, 16 cavalry

  • With allies,

    • Tlaxcalans


Francisco pizarro
Francisco Pizarro

  • (1530)

  • Conquered Incas

  • Very much same method as Cortez

  • Marched on Cuzco


Why the spanish won
Why the Spanish Won

  • Use of military alliances

  • Military tactics

    • Native vs. European

  • Military technology

    • Steel

    • Gunpowder

    • Cavalry

  • Disease (smallpox)


Spanish and the new world
Spanish and the New World

  • Encomienda system: each Spaniard was given land and a group of natives to work the land

  • Had to protect the natives, pay them, and take care of “spiritual needs”


Bartolome de las casas
Bartolome de las Casas

  • Advocated for treatment of native peoples

  • Pushed for importation of African slaves

  • 1518: first boatload of African slaves


Dutch 1500s to 1602
Dutch (1500s to 1602)

  • Began occupying Portuguese ports in India

  • Slave Trade

  • Settlement in Cape of Good Hope

  • Southeast Asia


India
India

  • 1498: divided into Muslim and Hindu states

  • 1650: British settlement: Surat

  • Fort William (modern day Calcutta) (1696)

  • Sir Robert Clive

    • Chief representative of British East India Trading Co.


Battle of plassey
Battle of Plassey

  • British defeat Mughals

    • Most powerful Muslim kingdom in India

  • British defeat a force 10 times their size

  • British now most powerful force on subcontinent


India1
India

  • 1858: India becomes a crown colony of Great Britain



North america1
North America

  • 1607: Virginia established

  • 1750: 13 colonies established


New amsterdam
New Amsterdam

  • Dutch: send Henry Hudson

  • Explores Hudson river

  • 1614: founded New Amsterdam

  • 1664: British seize it, rename it New York


French
French

  • 1534: Jacques Cartier: claim St. Lawrence River and Canada for France

  • 1608: Samuel de Champlain: founds Quebec

  • 1663: Canada made Crown province

    • Small population, mostly men


Consequences of expansion
Consequences of Expansion

  • Flourishing Trade

    • “Price Revolution”

    • Expanding Economy

    • Hard on peasants

  • Beginnings of Capitalism

    • Slow move away from Agrarian economy

    • 80% of Europe farmers


Mercantilism
Mercantilism

  • Idea that there must be more exports than imports for a nation to be prosperous

  • Also must have as much gold as possible


ad