ch 14 age of exploration and expansion
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Ch. 14: Age of Exploration and Expansion. Crusades. 1098-1291: 1291: last Crusader state falls (Acre) Desire of Europe to seek out new lands Hatred between Muslim and Christian . Marco Polo. 1271 Traveled to China Served the courts for years, wrote about his adventures

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crusades
Crusades
  • 1098-1291:
  • 1291: last Crusader state falls (Acre)
  • Desire of Europe to seek out new lands
  • Hatred between Muslim and Christian
marco polo
Marco Polo
  • 1271
  • Traveled to China
  • Served the courts for years, wrote about his adventures
  • Treasures brought back
trade for asian goods
Trade for Asian goods
  • Trade with Muslims
  • Overpriced on goods
  • Desire to go to source of goods
reasons for european expansion
Reasons for European Expansion
  • Trade (money)
  • Glory
  • Religious Zeal
reasons europeans were able to
Reasons Europeans were able to:
  • Better Ships
  • Better navigation
  • Better military
portuguese
Portuguese
  • (1419) Prince Henry- established school for navigators
timeline of portuguese exploration
Timeline of Portuguese Exploration

Desire to trade with Asia, go East

  • 1444: Portuguese ships reach Senegal River
  • 1488: Bartholomeu Diaz-Rounded Cape of Good Hope
  • 1498: Vasco de Gama- reached India
  • 1509: Admiral Alfonso de Albuquerque- set up port facilities at Goa
portuguese1
Portuguese
  • Although were very successful, lacked the resources, population and desire to make any real trade
spanish
Spanish
  • Christopher Columbus (1492)
  • Trade with China
  • Africa trade route taken by Portuguese
  • Sail west to Asia
vasco nunez de balboa
Vasco Nunez de Balboa
  • (1513) Travelled across Isthmus of Panama
  • First European to encounter Pacific Ocean
ferdinand magellan
Ferdinand Magellan
  • (1519) sailed around the world
  • 1/5 of ships survived
  • Died in Philippines
  • Still profitable
hernan cortez
Hernan Cortez
  • (1519) connected with Aztecs
  • 550 soldiers, 16 cavalry
  • With allies,
    • Tlaxcalans
francisco pizarro
Francisco Pizarro
  • (1530)
  • Conquered Incas
  • Very much same method as Cortez
  • Marched on Cuzco
why the spanish won
Why the Spanish Won
  • Use of military alliances
  • Military tactics
    • Native vs. European
  • Military technology
    • Steel
    • Gunpowder
    • Cavalry
  • Disease (smallpox)
spanish and the new world
Spanish and the New World
  • Encomienda system: each Spaniard was given land and a group of natives to work the land
  • Had to protect the natives, pay them, and take care of “spiritual needs”
bartolome de las casas
Bartolome de las Casas
  • Advocated for treatment of native peoples
  • Pushed for importation of African slaves
  • 1518: first boatload of African slaves
dutch 1500s to 1602
Dutch (1500s to 1602)
  • Began occupying Portuguese ports in India
  • Slave Trade
  • Settlement in Cape of Good Hope
  • Southeast Asia
india
India
  • 1498: divided into Muslim and Hindu states
  • 1650: British settlement: Surat
  • Fort William (modern day Calcutta) (1696)
  • Sir Robert Clive
    • Chief representative of British East India Trading Co.
battle of plassey
Battle of Plassey
  • British defeat Mughals
    • Most powerful Muslim kingdom in India
  • British defeat a force 10 times their size
  • British now most powerful force on subcontinent
india1
India
  • 1858: India becomes a crown colony of Great Britain
north america1
North America
  • 1607: Virginia established
  • 1750: 13 colonies established
new amsterdam
New Amsterdam
  • Dutch: send Henry Hudson
  • Explores Hudson river
  • 1614: founded New Amsterdam
  • 1664: British seize it, rename it New York
french
French
  • 1534: Jacques Cartier: claim St. Lawrence River and Canada for France
  • 1608: Samuel de Champlain: founds Quebec
  • 1663: Canada made Crown province
    • Small population, mostly men
consequences of expansion
Consequences of Expansion
  • Flourishing Trade
    • “Price Revolution”
    • Expanding Economy
    • Hard on peasants
  • Beginnings of Capitalism
    • Slow move away from Agrarian economy
    • 80% of Europe farmers
mercantilism
Mercantilism
  • Idea that there must be more exports than imports for a nation to be prosperous
  • Also must have as much gold as possible
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