The Kingdom of Israel
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The Kingdom of Israel. Chapter 3 Section 2 World History Mrs. Deborah Thompson. Main Idea:. The Israelites chose a king to unite them against their enemies. Strongest people in Canaan in 1000 B.C. Philistines. Built Strong cities. Knew how to make iron weapons and tools.

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The Kingdom of Israel

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The Kingdom of Israel

Chapter 3

Section 2

World History

Mrs. Deborah Thompson


Main Idea:

The Israelites chose a king to unite them against their enemies.


Strongest people

in Canaan in

1000 B.C.

Philistines

Built

Strong cities

Knew how

to make

iron weapons

and tools

Enemies of the

12 Tribes of Israel

who fought them to

save their religion and culture


Prophet and

Judge Samuel

was asked to

choose a king

in 1020 B.C.

SAUL

Saul won

numerous battles

but disobeyed

God’s commands

Samuel

anointed

Saul as King.

The people

demanded

warrior-farmer

Saul to be

named king.

God chose another

king and told

Samuel to anoint

him in secret.


…And the New King would be DAVID!

Main Idea:

King David built an Israelite empire and made Jerusalem his capital city.


David’s defeat of Philistine giant Goliath caused fame to spread quickly.

Saul put David in charge of the army but eventually grew envious of David.

David hid in enemy territory until Saul and his 3 sons were killed.


  • King David Kills Goliath


David became

King

about 1000 B.C.

Drove out

Philistines

King David

Made the Israelites

pay heavy taxes

to expand Jerusalem

and build a temple.

Conquered people

paid tribute to

the Israelites


King David’s Empire


Solomon’s Kingdom

David wanted to build grand temple there but died before its completion. His son Solomon finished the project.


Solomon was known for his proverbs, or wise sayings.

Proverbs 9:10

The fear of the LORD

is the beginning of wisdom:

and the knowledge

of the holy is understanding.


Solomon’s Proverbs

1. Wise children make their fathers proud of them; foolish ones bring their mothers grief.

2. Wealth you get by dishonesty will do you no good, but honesty can save your life.

3. The Lord will not let good people go hungry, but he will keep the wicked from getting what they want.

4. Being lazy will make you poor, but hard work will make you rich.

5. A sensible person gathers the crops when they are ready; it is a disgrace to sleep through the time of harvest.


Solomon’s Proverbs

6. Good people will receive blessings. The words of the wicked hide a violent nature.

7. Good people will be remembered as a blessing, but the wicked will soon be forgotten.

8. Sensible people accept good advice. People who talk foolishly will come to ruin.

9. Honest people are safe and secure, but the dishonest will be caught.

10. Someone who holds back the truth causes trouble, but one who openly criticizes works for peace.


After Solomon’s

death, 10 of 12

tribes set up their own

nation in the north called

The Kingdom of Israel,

and the capital

was Samaria.

The Rule of

King Solomon

h

EFFECT #1

CAUSE

Many Israelites

Hated his rule due to:

1. high taxes for

buildings

2. making

young men work

in armies of

neighboring

countries.

EFFECT #2

In South, 2 other tribes

formed the smaller

Kingdom of Judah

with capital at Jerusalem.


King Solomon’s Temple Floor Plan

Solomon’s temple became the symbol and center of the Jewish religion


Inside the Temple Tabernacle

The Arc of the Covenant


Recreation of Ancient Jerusalem


The Temple Mount, Jerusalem Today

Solomon’s Temple Wall: The “Wailing” Wall


A TROUBLED TIME

Main Idea:

The Israelites were conquered and forced to leave Israel and Judah.


Kingdoms of

Judah & Israel

Assyrians and Chaldeans were building their empires at the same time Israel and Judah were dividing.


Military Power

They wanted the trade routes that ran through these kingdoms


What caused the fall of Israel?

722 B.C. Assyrians

conquered 10

tribes of Israel

and scattered them

Many lost their

heritage and are

called the

“lost tribes of Israel.”


H

In Israel...

Assyrians settled the area and became known as Samaritans (half Jew, half Assyrian)

They read Torah and still offered sacrifices and followed laws

The people of Judah looked down

on them because they thought true

sacrifices had to be offered at

the temple in Jerusalem.


Why Did Judah Fall?

In 620 B.C. Egyptians

conquered Judah.

Chaldeans conquered Egypt

in 605 B.C. and became

new rulers of Judah

(but allowed them to keep their

king and pay tribute)


Jews united with Egyptians to

rebel against theChaldeans

10,000 Jews forced to go to

Babylon, the Chaldean capital

In 597 B.C.,

Nebuchadnezzar of

the Chaldeans captured

Jerusalem and

Punished the Jews

harshly

The new appointed king of

Judah planned rebellion

Judah

Fall of

Prophet Jeremiah warned

that it was dangerous

586 B.C., Chaldeans:

1. Crushed Jerusalem,

2. Destroyed the temple,

3. Forced the thousands to go to Babylon.


Israelites in Captivity

The time that the Jews were in Babylon is known as the Babylonian Captivity.


Jewish Captives: 8th Century B.C.


WHO WERE THE PROPHETS?

Many forgot the religion during this time of captivity.

Prophets wanted to bring Israelites back to God’s laws.

Message: being faithful meant more than going to temple to worship.

Isaiah Scroll


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