The Kingdom of Israel. Chapter 3 Section 2 World History Mrs. Deborah Thompson. Main Idea:. The Israelites chose a king to unite them against their enemies. Strongest people in Canaan in 1000 B.C. Philistines. Built Strong cities. Knew how to make iron weapons and tools.
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The Kingdom of Israel
Mrs. Deborah Thompson
The Israelites chose a king to unite them against their enemies.
in Canaan in
Enemies of the
12 Tribes of Israel
who fought them to
save their religion and culture
was asked to
choose a king
in 1020 B.C.
Saul as King.
Saul to be
God chose another
king and told
Samuel to anoint
him in secret.
…And the New King would be DAVID!
King David built an Israelite empire and made Jerusalem his capital city.
David’s defeat of Philistine giant Goliath caused fame to spread quickly.
Saul put David in charge of the army but eventually grew envious of David.
David hid in enemy territory until Saul and his 3 sons were killed.
about 1000 B.C.
Made the Israelites
pay heavy taxes
to expand Jerusalem
and build a temple.
paid tribute to
King David’s Empire
David wanted to build grand temple there but died before its completion. His son Solomon finished the project.
Solomon was known for his proverbs, or wise sayings.
The fear of the LORD
is the beginning of wisdom:
and the knowledge
of the holy is understanding.
1. Wise children make their fathers proud of them; foolish ones bring their mothers grief.
2. Wealth you get by dishonesty will do you no good, but honesty can save your life.
3. The Lord will not let good people go hungry, but he will keep the wicked from getting what they want.
4. Being lazy will make you poor, but hard work will make you rich.
5. A sensible person gathers the crops when they are ready; it is a disgrace to sleep through the time of harvest.
6. Good people will receive blessings. The words of the wicked hide a violent nature.
7. Good people will be remembered as a blessing, but the wicked will soon be forgotten.
8. Sensible people accept good advice. People who talk foolishly will come to ruin.
9. Honest people are safe and secure, but the dishonest will be caught.
10. Someone who holds back the truth causes trouble, but one who openly criticizes works for peace.
death, 10 of 12
tribes set up their own
nation in the north called
The Kingdom of Israel,
and the capital
The Rule of
Hated his rule due to:
1. high taxes for
young men work
in armies of
In South, 2 other tribes
formed the smaller
Kingdom of Judah
with capital at Jerusalem.
King Solomon’s Temple Floor Plan
Solomon’s temple became the symbol and center of the Jewish religion
Inside the Temple Tabernacle
The Arc of the Covenant
Recreation of Ancient Jerusalem
The Temple Mount, Jerusalem Today
Solomon’s Temple Wall: The “Wailing” Wall
A TROUBLED TIME
The Israelites were conquered and forced to leave Israel and Judah.
Judah & Israel
Assyrians and Chaldeans were building their empires at the same time Israel and Judah were dividing.
They wanted the trade routes that ran through these kingdoms
What caused the fall of Israel?
722 B.C. Assyrians
tribes of Israel
and scattered them
Many lost their
heritage and are
“lost tribes of Israel.”
Assyrians settled the area and became known as Samaritans (half Jew, half Assyrian)
They read Torah and still offered sacrifices and followed laws
The people of Judah looked down
on them because they thought true
sacrifices had to be offered at
the temple in Jerusalem.
Why Did Judah Fall?
In 620 B.C. Egyptians
Chaldeans conquered Egypt
in 605 B.C. and became
new rulers of Judah
(but allowed them to keep their
king and pay tribute)
Jews united with Egyptians to
rebel against theChaldeans
10,000 Jews forced to go to
Babylon, the Chaldean capital
In 597 B.C.,
the Chaldeans captured
Punished the Jews
The new appointed king of
Judah planned rebellion
Prophet Jeremiah warned
that it was dangerous
586 B.C., Chaldeans:
1. Crushed Jerusalem,
2. Destroyed the temple,
3. Forced the thousands to go to Babylon.
Israelites in Captivity
The time that the Jews were in Babylon is known as the Babylonian Captivity.
Jewish Captives: 8th Century B.C.
WHO WERE THE PROPHETS?
Many forgot the religion during this time of captivity.
Prophets wanted to bring Israelites back to God’s laws.
Message: being faithful meant more than going to temple to worship.