Impressionism. The beginning of Modern Art. Objectives . Understand the goals of the Impressionists Identify the addition of pastel as a new art mediu m Indentify major outside influences on Impressionist artists Name the notable impressionist artists and describe some of their works
The beginning of Modern Art
S. Giorgio Maggiore: Early Morning1819; Watercolor
Rain, Steam and Speed1844; Oil on canvas,
Snow Storm: Steamboat off a Harbor’s Mouth 1842
Oil paint on canvas
Jean Francois Millet,
Captured people in everyday situations
A Bar at the Folies-Bergère,
First half of 20th century
Modern art begins with Impressionism and continues until present day.
Impressionism is the combination of everyday scenes and the affects of light
La Grenouillere, 1869
Quest for Realism-one step further
At a distance-the eye blends the color together
Photography-candid (un-posed views of people)
Japanese prints-first imported into France 1860’s
Established the artist’s right to
experiment with personal style
Impressionists realized color is not permanent but changes constantly according to the effects of light, reflection, or weather on the objects surface
Full sun Dull weather Full sun
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Wheatstacks (End of Summer)
Haystacks is the title of a series of impressionistpaintings by Claude Monet. The primary subjects of all of the paintings in the series are stacks of hay that have been stacked in the field after the harvest season. The title refers primarily to a twenty-five canvas series (Wildenstein Index Number 1266-1290) begun the autumn of 1890 and continued through the following spring, using that year's harvest. Some use a broader definition of the title to refer to other paintings by Monet with this same theme. The series is known for its thematic use of repetition to show differences in perception of light across various times of day, seasons, and types of weather. The subjects were painted in fields near Monet's home in Giverny, France.
The series is among Monet's most notable works. Although the largest collections of Monet's work are held in Paris at the Musée d'Orsay and Musée Marmottan Monet, Boston, Massachusetts at the Museum of Fine Arts, New York City at the Metropolitan Museum and Museum of Modern Art and Tokyo at the National Museum of Western Art, six of the twenty-five haystacks pieces are currently housed at the Art Institute of Chicago in Chicago, Illinois, United States. The Museum of Fine Arts in Boston, Massachusetts, United States holds two, and The Louvre in Paris, France holds one. Other museums that hold parts of this series in their collection include the Hill-Stead Museum in Farmington, Connecticut (which also has one of five from the earlier 1888-9 harvest),National Gallery of Scotland in Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom,Minneapolis Institute of Arts in Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States,Kunsthaus Zürich in Zürich, Switzerland, and Shelburne Museum, Shelburne, Vermont, United States. Several private collections also hold Haystack paintings.
Mary Cassatt. Mother Playing with Her Child. c.1897. Pastel on paper.
Mary Cassatt. Maternal Kiss. 1897. Pastel on paper
First to introduce pastels as a medium
2. Draw an ordinary scene around you-such as a classroom of students, the cafeteria at lunch, movie theater scene, etc.