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CHINA. KEY TERMS. Opium War = conflict btwn China & Britain in 1839 over trade imbalance; British force Chinese govt. to allow sale of British opium in China Unequal Treaties = treaties that China was pressured into signing with Britain that favored the British

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Key terms
KEY TERMS

Opium War =conflict btwn China & Britain in 1839 over trade imbalance; British force Chinese govt. to allow sale of British opium in China

Unequal Treaties = treaties that China was pressured into signing with Britain that favored the British

Extraterritoriality = British made Brits accused of crime in China allowed to have trial in Britain


Terms cont
TERMS (cont)

Taiping Rebellion = Movement, led by Hong Xiuquan in 1850s, that attempted to overthrow Chinese Qing Dynasty & est. “Heavenly Kingdom of Great Peace”;failed

Open Door Policy = policy proposed by U.S. Sec. of State, John Hay, that opened China to trade with any major nation (U.S.)

Boxer Rebellion = uprising of Chinese nationalists (Boxers) against imperialism of foreigners in China in 1900; European nations &U.S. sent troops to defeat them


Terms cont1
Terms (cont)

Sun Yat-sen & Revolution of 1911 = Sun Yat-sen was Chinese nationalist who led revolution against weak Qing Dynasty in 1911; In 1912, Chinese emperor abdicated & China became a republic


Causes
Causes

  • How did imperialism begin in China?

    • British and other European powers desired trade with China for its wealth of natural resources & plentiful population

    • British open trade with China in 1830s; tea, spices, silk, porcelain

    • Soon, other European powers were joining in to claim “spheres of influence” for themselves

    • By 1900, U.S. anxious to trade with China & issue the Open Door policy to world


Effects
Effects

  • What impact did imperialism have on China?

    • By 1900, China had fallen under almost complete control of foreign industrialized powers

    • Although several Chinese nationalist groups had tried to modernize their govt. or oust foreign influence, were all unsuccessful at gaining independence

    • By 1912, the long-ruling Qing Dynasty had come to an end and China became a weak republic under Sun Yat-sen


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