Ontologizing morphological terms for Hymenoptera
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Ontologizing morphological terms for Hymenoptera (Insecta) - implementing and benefiting from a controlled vocabulary. Andrew R. Deans Gregory A. Riccardi Fredrik Ronquist School of Computational Science, Florida State University. Hymenoptera.

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Ontologizing morphological terms for Hymenoptera

(Insecta) - implementing and benefiting from a

controlled vocabulary

Andrew R. Deans

Gregory A. Riccardi

Fredrik Ronquist

School of Computational Science, Florida State University


Hymenoptera

• one of 4 megadiverse insect orders (>115,000 described spp.)

• includes sawflies, ants, bees, social wasps, parasitic wasps



HymAToL - Assembling the Tree of Life for Hymenoptera

>30 people collaborating to resolve relationships between the major lineages of Hymenoptera

molecules

morphology


Terminological Issues

same spelling but different structure (e.g., “face”)


Terminological Issues

same structure but different spelling

“ungues” or “(pre)tarsal claw”


Terminological Issues

alitrunk

outdated terms

(=to be discouraged)

or

taxon-specific terms

gaster

obscure terms


Ontology - controlled, explicit vocabulary

• includes relationships (“part of”, “synonym of”, etc.)

• hierarchical

• treats outdated terminology

• terms are verbally defined and illustrated

Several ways to implement and benefit...


Search for -

“claw”

“pretarsus”

“orbicula”

“ungues”


OR

Search for -

“pretarsus”

+

related terms



Phylogenetic tools

• high-lighting

• feedback


Other implementations/benefits

• online atlas of hymenopteran morphology

• “approved” terminology (ISH)


Methods

mx

dump text

bioinformatics

colleagues

[Term]

id: 123456

name: scrobal groove

def: "A horizontal groove on the mesopleuron that may be continuous with the episternal groove anteriorly and ends at the pleural grove posteriorly”

ref: "Goulet H, Huber JT, 1993. Hymenoptera of the World: An Identification Guide to Families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada Publication 1894/E., Ottawa, ON. 668 pp.”

link: "<link to images, etc. could go here>”

relationship: part_of 123457 ! mesopleuron

relationship: is_a 123458 ! groove

REAL ONTOLOGY


Acknowledgments

NSF-funded MorphBank project (http://morphbank.net/)

Neil Sarkar (AMNH), Donat Agosti (AMNH), Norm Johnson (OSU), Matt Yoder (TAMU), et alia plurima


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