Ontologizing morphological terms for Hymenoptera
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Ontologizing morphological terms for Hymenoptera (Insecta) - implementing and benefiting from a controlled vocabulary. Andrew R. Deans Gregory A. Riccardi Fredrik Ronquist School of Computational Science, Florida State University. Hymenoptera.

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Ontologizing morphological terms for hymenoptera insecta implementing and benefiting from a

Ontologizing morphological terms for Hymenoptera

(Insecta) - implementing and benefiting from a

controlled vocabulary

Andrew R. Deans

Gregory A. Riccardi

Fredrik Ronquist

School of Computational Science, Florida State University


Ontologizing morphological terms for hymenoptera insecta implementing and benefiting from a

Hymenoptera

• one of 4 megadiverse insect orders (>115,000 described spp.)

• includes sawflies, ants, bees, social wasps, parasitic wasps


Ontologizing morphological terms for hymenoptera insecta implementing and benefiting from a

Hymoptera Relationships


Ontologizing morphological terms for hymenoptera insecta implementing and benefiting from a

HymAToL - Assembling the Tree of Life for Hymenoptera

>30 people collaborating to resolve relationships between the major lineages of Hymenoptera

molecules

morphology


Ontologizing morphological terms for hymenoptera insecta implementing and benefiting from a

Terminological Issues

same spelling but different structure (e.g., “face”)


Ontologizing morphological terms for hymenoptera insecta implementing and benefiting from a

Terminological Issues

same structure but different spelling

“ungues” or “(pre)tarsal claw”


Ontologizing morphological terms for hymenoptera insecta implementing and benefiting from a

Terminological Issues

alitrunk

outdated terms

(=to be discouraged)

or

taxon-specific terms

gaster

obscure terms


Ontologizing morphological terms for hymenoptera insecta implementing and benefiting from a

Ontology - controlled, explicit vocabulary

• includes relationships (“part of”, “synonym of”, etc.)

• hierarchical

• treats outdated terminology

• terms are verbally defined and illustrated

Several ways to implement and benefit...


Ontologizing morphological terms for hymenoptera insecta implementing and benefiting from a

Search for -

“claw”

“pretarsus”

“orbicula”

“ungues”


Ontologizing morphological terms for hymenoptera insecta implementing and benefiting from a

OR

Search for -

“pretarsus”

+

related terms


Ontologizing morphological terms for hymenoptera insecta implementing and benefiting from a

Annotations


Ontologizing morphological terms for hymenoptera insecta implementing and benefiting from a

Phylogenetic tools

• high-lighting

• feedback


Ontologizing morphological terms for hymenoptera insecta implementing and benefiting from a

Other implementations/benefits

• online atlas of hymenopteran morphology

• “approved” terminology (ISH)


Ontologizing morphological terms for hymenoptera insecta implementing and benefiting from a

Methods

mx

dump text

bioinformatics

colleagues

[Term]

id: 123456

name: scrobal groove

def: "A horizontal groove on the mesopleuron that may be continuous with the episternal groove anteriorly and ends at the pleural grove posteriorly”

ref: "Goulet H, Huber JT, 1993. Hymenoptera of the World: An Identification Guide to Families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada Publication 1894/E., Ottawa, ON. 668 pp.”

link: "<link to images, etc. could go here>”

relationship: part_of 123457 ! mesopleuron

relationship: is_a 123458 ! groove

REAL ONTOLOGY


Ontologizing morphological terms for hymenoptera insecta implementing and benefiting from a

Acknowledgments

NSF-funded MorphBank project (http://morphbank.net/)

Neil Sarkar (AMNH), Donat Agosti (AMNH), Norm Johnson (OSU), Matt Yoder (TAMU), et alia plurima


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