Chapter 15
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Chapter 15. By Lenie Ventura(: . Witches:. (1400-1700s) Between 70,000 and 100,000 people were killed for being a witch. A majority of witches were women and fell into 3 specific categories: 1.) Widows 2.) Midwives 3.)Female healers or herbalists. . Baroque Art:.

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Chapter 15

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Chapter 15

Chapter 15

By Lenie Ventura(:


Witches

Witches:

  • (1400-1700s)

  • Between 70,000 and 100,000 people were killed for being a witch.

  • A majority of witches were women and fell into 3 specific categories:

  • 1.) Widows 2.) Midwives 3.)Female healers or herbalists.


Baroque art

Baroque Art:

  • A 17th century art style focused upon paintings, sculptures, and architecture.

  • People were painted in a more natural way.

  • Mostly seen in: Roman Catholic settings (ex: the Vatican) and absolute rulers (ex: King Louis XIV’s Versailles).

  • Some Major artists were Bernini, Rubens


Pre revolutionary europe

Pre- Revolutionary Europe

  • 1.) The aristocratic elites inherited legal privileges.

  • 2.) Churches were established that tied into the state and the aristocracy.

  • 3.) Urban labor forces were organized into guilds. (Def: Guilds: any of various medieval associations, as of merchants or artisans, organized to maintain standards and to protect the interests of its members, and that sometimes constituted a local governing body.)

  • 4.) Peasants that pay high taxes and feudal payments.


Nobility in europe

Nobility in Europe:

  • England- 400 families (made up the House of Lords)

  • -no specific legal benefits but were often local leaders.

  • France- 400,000 nobles.

  • -top nobles = top appointments.

  • -MANY legal privileges (ex: no land tax payments).


Aristocratic resurgence

Aristocratic Resurgence:

  • 1: Did not make it easy for people to become nobles.

  • 2: Top appointments were for nobles.

  • 3: Tried to work together to limit the king’s power.

  • 4: tried to improve their economy by raising taxes.


Enclosure movement

Enclosure Movement:

  • 1.) Small farmers sell to big farmers.

  • 2.) Farms get bigger.

  • 3.) People become workers on the larger farms.

  • 4.) Old farmers move to the cities.


Agricultural revolution

Agricultural Revolution:

People move to cities.

Farms get bigger.

More food is produced.

Poor people move into cities.

A new wealthy class of nobles is created.


Two new crops and methods

Two New Crops and Methods

Two new crop methods:

Crops:

  • potatoes and clover plants

open field and closed field method.


The industrial revolution

The Industrial Revolution:

A period in the late 18th century that was the turning point in the ideas of transportation, textile, and metal manufacturing.


New developments

New Developments:

  • The spinning Jenny- helped people spin cotton faster in a more complex fashion of machinery to make yarn.

  • The Water Frame- A machine to turn cotton into yarn that was powered by water and was the very first industrial device.

  • The steam engine-Very first engine that was powered by coal and was the building structure for modern tractors. It also helped transport both goods and ideas to different locations.


Photos

PHOTOS (:


Impact of the industrial revolution

Impact of the industrial revolution:

  • Women- they were able to get more jobs in factories and jobs were lost as well.

  • The growth of cities- Population began to increase rapidly in high numbers.


Major people

Major People:

  • JethroTull- Came up with the method of planting crops with drilling and iron plows

  • James Hargreaves- Created the spinning jenny

  • Richard Arkwrighit- Created the Water Frame

  • Thomas Newcomen- Early steam engine.


Thank you for watching

THANK YOU FOR WATCHING (:


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