Matter. Anything that has mass and takes up space (volume). Properties of Matter. Physical Property Any property of matter that can be observed or measured without changing the identity of the matter Examples color shape taste density state/phase. D = M V.
Anything that has mass and takes up space (volume)
D = M
Exist at extremely cold temperatures (around absolute zero or -460 oF)
Particles are super unexcited
Particles lock or “clump” together so firmly that they move as a single unit
Definite shape and volume (?)
Particles are tightly compact
Particles vibrate without the ability to move freely
Definite shape and volume
Particles are tightly compact, but able to move around close to each other
No definite shape, but definite volume
Particles can easily spread out or move close together
Particle move freely and with a lot of energy
No definite shape or volume
Exist at extremely high temperatures (several million degrees Celsius)
Particles are broken apart
Particles move freely and with extremely high energy
This form is not too common on earth, however it is the most common form of matter in the universe
No definite shape or volume?
Examples: Florescent and neon lights, lightning, aurora borealis
Why do you think this is the most common form/state of matter in the universe?
If you were to compare an ice cube and the steam created
from boiling water, which would you think has more energy?
What about this continuum could
be considered a little misleading?
Taken from: http://www.chem4kids.com/files/matter_becondensate.html
reactivity with vinegar
reactivity with oxygen
Iron + Oxygen Iron oxide (rust)
2Fe + 3O2 Fe2O3
cutting your hair
change in state
Why do you think Bose-Einstein and plasma are not equally distanced from the other three states of matter?
All changes in state require a change in energy
This is what happens when energy is added and taken away
You usually need more than one of the above characteristics to be considered a chemical change!
combining sulfuric acid and sugar
burning a piece of wood