japan
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
JAPAN

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 42

JAPAN - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 100 Views
  • Uploaded on

JAPAN. Early History. Migration across land bridge Hunters and gatherers Agriculture introduced a long time ago Jimmu Tenno descendant from the gods Tenno means “son of heaven” Every emperor is deified Tenno. Jomon Period. Hunting and Gathering Hole Homes Rope pattern pottery.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' JAPAN' - hamilton-haley


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
early history
Early History
  • Migration across land bridge
  • Hunters and gatherers
  • Agriculture introduced a long time ago
  • Jimmu Tenno descendant from the gods
  • Tenno means “son of heaven”
  • Every emperor is deified Tenno
jomon period
Jomon Period
  • Hunting and Gathering
  • Hole Homes
  • Rope pattern pottery
yayoi period
Yayoi Period
  • Red dish pottery
  • Rice growers (from China?)
  • Agricultural communities
  • Trade with Koreans
  • Earliest Written Records
yamato kingdom
Yamato Kingdom
  • Women rulers
  • Extended from S Japan to Tokyo
  • Introduced Chinese civilization
  • Prince Shotoku helped spread Buddhism
  • Set up bureaucracy based on Chinese
  • Prince Shotoku = change
taika reforms
Taika Reforms
  • To unify kingdom
  • Established Yamato claim to throne
  • Official history written which claims all emperors descend from the sun goddess- what does this explain?
  • What is the significance of this?
  • National army never instituted
japanese society
Japanese Society
  • Samurai=those who serve
  • Bushido=code of conduct(honor, obey, be loyal to daimyo and emperor)
  • Shogun = Highest military power (rule for emperor)
  • Daimyo= lord
  • Seppuku/hari kari
  • Samurai carried 2 swords-1 for battle, 1 for seppuku
  • Samurai were Buddhists
taiho code
Taiho Code
  • 702 CE (AD) What was happening in Europe at this time? Africa?
  • Set up the basic governing structure
  • Type of constitution
  • Emperor at the center
  • No censors , no criticism-Why?
  • Gov’t based on aristocracy-what Chinese practice did this exclude? Why?
nara period
Nara Period
  • So named for the new capital-why did they move to Nara?
  • 710-784 CE – period of artistic flourishing
  • Borrowed and expanded the use of lacquer
heian period
Heian Period
  • Kyoto is modern Heian
  • 794-1185 CE – What is happening elsewhere? Europe, SW Asia?
  • Fujiwara family gains influence , much like the Carolingian monarchs
  • Extend control to other islands
  • Emperor stripped of power but not replaced
slide14
Fujiwaras granted rights to their own estates and tax free, this took away power and $
  • Central govt became weak
  • Local govt (feudal estates) became powerful
  • Court life presented in TALE OF THE GENJI
kamakura shogunate
Kamakura Shogunate
  • 1185CE: Yoritomo took title of “shogun
  • Strongest daimyo built castles
  • Organized military
  • Feudal system created
  • Shogunate rule until 1868
japanese feudalism
JAPANESE FEUDALISM
  • Depended on loyalty
  • Loyalty to ruler (Confucian) loyalty to family (Japanese)
  • Lord/vassal relationship unlimited on part of vassal
  • Not a contract
  • Lord seen as having superior wisdom
slide17
What does this do to the development of rights?
  • Women were not fragile, not to be sheltered
  • Women were considered to be samurai
  • Taught the arts, did not have contempt for learning
  • How has this shaped modern Japan?
slide18
Small farmers turned over land to daimyo
  • 12th century most land was private
  • Emperor in name only
  • Eventually turned to primogeniture for protection
  • What did this do to the status of women?
  • Who else was hurt? What choices did they have?
  • Buddhist monks opposed unity-why?
mongol invasion
Mongol invasion
  • Bow and arrow of samurai
  • “kamikaze”
  • Japanese successful but Kamakuras were supplanted by Ashikaga
ashikaga shogunate
Ashikaga Shogunate
  • 1338-1567 CE: What was happening elsewhere?
  • Constant fighting until 16th century
  • Nobunaga: brilliant general, appt’d. Hideyoshi and Ieyasu
  • Accepted Portuguese and allowed Christianity: why?
slide21
Europeans brought guns
  • HIDEYOSHI: “Napoleon of Japan”, unified Japan, never shogun because not noble
    • Wanted to conquer China
    • Koreans wouldn’t allow trespass
    • Battles with Koreans weakened his army
    • Died 1598

Power passed to Ieyasu

early history1
Early History
  • Migration across land bridge?
    • 30,000 years ago
  • 30,000 BCE - Hunters and gatherers
  • Agriculture introduced 2000yrs ago
  • A Mythical beginning…Jimmu Tenno
  • “son of heaven”
  • Every emperor is deified Tenno
jomon period1
Jomon Period
  • H & G
    • Semi-sedentary
    • Clothing of bark
    • Rudimentary agriculture
  • Hole Homes
  • Rope pattern pottery
yayoi period 300 bce 250 ce
Yayoi Period – 300 BCE – 250 CE
  • Influx of New Technology
    • Rice farming, shamanism, and iron and bronze-making, brought by migrants from Korea
  • Red dish pottery
  • Rice growers (from China?)
  • Agricultural communities
    • Society became increasingly more complex
      • Social Classes
      • Stone buildings and bridges
  • Trade with Koreans
    • Script Conflict
  • Earliest Written Records
yamato kingdom 4 th 5 th century ce
Yamato Kingdom 4th – 5th Century CE
  • Focus
    • Highly Aristocratic
    • Emphasis on warfare
  • Women rulers
  • Extended from S Japan to Tokyo
  • Introduced Korean and Chinese civilization
    • Chinese writing system, Buddhism, and Confucianism were introduced
  • Brings Chinese beliefs and practices
  • Set up bureaucracy based on Chinese
    • Clan power reduced
    • Tradition loses influence because Buddhism which put greater emphasis on the transience of human life
  • Prince Shotoku = change
taika reforms taika period 645 710
Taika Reforms Taika Period 645 - 710
  • To unify kingdom
    • to bring about greater centralization and to enhance the power of the Imperial Court, which was also based on the governmental structure of China
    • Envoys sent to China to study methods
  • Established Yamato claim to throne
  • CSE
  • Official history written which claims all emperors descend from the sun goddess- what does this explain?
  • What is the significance of this? Is there a parallel to another civilization?
    • ruled by the Decree of Heaven and exercised absolute authority
  • National army never instituted
japanese society1
Japanese Society
  • Samurai=those who serve
  • Bushido=code of conduct(honor, obey, be loyal to daimyo and emperor)
  • Shogun = Highest military power (rule for emperor)
  • Daimyo= lord
  • Seppuku/hari kari
  • Samurai carried 2 swords-1 for battle, 1 for seppuku
  • Samurai were Buddhists
taiho code1
Taiho Code
  • 702 CE (AD) What was happening in Europe at this time? Africa?
  • Set up the basic governing structure
  • Type of constitution
  • Emperor at the center
  • No censors , no criticism-Why?
  • Gov’t based on aristocracy-what Chinese practice did this exclude? Why?
nara period1
Nara Period
  • So named from new capital-why did they move to Nara?
  • 710-784 CE – period of artistic flourishing
  • Borrowed and expanded the use of lacquer
heian period1
Heian Period
  • Heian is modern Kyoto
  • 794-1185 CE – What is happening elsewhere? Europe, SW Asia?
    • Trade is on the rise
  • Role of Buddhism
    • Monk influence threatening aristocratic influence
    • Need to check the power of the Buddhist monks
      • Imperial govt flees to Heian
        • Buddhist monks forbidden to build monasteries in capital city
        • They build them in the surrounding hills and continue to influence
  • Court Life
    • Strict code of behavior
    • Stressed
    • Social status
    • Love affairs
    • Gossip
    • Writing poems, etc most valued art
    • Women should be as poised and as cultured as men
  • Fujiwara family gains influence , much like the Carolingian monarchs
  • Extend control to other islands
  • Emperor stripped of power but not replaced
slide34
Fujiwara family granted rights to their own estates and tax free, this took away power and $
    • From here on out Hojo family regulate order and samurai enforce in the name of the emperor
  • Central govt became weak
  • Local govt (feudal estates) became powerful
  • Court life presented in TALE OF THE GENJI
kamakura shogunate1
Kamakura Shogunate
  • 1185CE: Yoritomo took title of “shogun
    • Military leaders of the bakufu (military government )
  • Strongest daimyo built castles
  • Organized military
  • Feudal system created
  • Shogunate rule until 1868
japanese feudalism1
JAPANESE FEUDALISM
  • Depended on loyalty
  • Loyalty to ruler (Confucian) loyalty to family (Japanese)
  • Lord/vassal relationship unlimited on part of vassal
  • Not a contract
  • Lord seen as having superior wisdom
slide37
What does this do to the development of rights?
  • Women were not fragile, not to be sheltered
  • Women were considered to be samurai
  • Taught the arts, did not have contempt for learning
  • How has this shaped modern Japan?
slide38
Small farmers turned over land to daimyo
  • 12th century most land was private
  • Emperor in name only
  • Eventually turned to primogeniture for protection
  • What did this do to the status of women?
  • Who else was hurt? What choices did they have?
  • Buddhist monks opposed unity-why?
mongol invasion1
Mongol invasion
  • Bow and arrow of samurai
  • “kamikaze”
  • Japanese successful but Kamakuras were supplanted by Ashikaga
ashikaga shogunate1
Ashikaga Shogunate
  • 1338-1567 CE: What was happening elsewhere?
  • Constant fighting until 16th century
  • Nobunaga: brilliant general, appt’d. Hideyoshi and Ieyasu
  • Accepted Portuguese and allowed Christianity: why?
slide41
Europeans brought guns
  • HIDEYOSHI: “Napoleon of Japan”, unified Japan, never shogun because not noble
    • Wanted to conquer China
    • Koreans wouldn’t allow trespass
    • Battles with Koreans weakened his army
    • Died 1598

Power passed to Ieyasu

ad