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JAPAN. Early History. Migration across land bridge Hunters and gatherers Agriculture introduced a long time ago Jimmu Tenno descendant from the gods Tenno means “son of heaven” Every emperor is deified Tenno. Jomon Period. Hunting and Gathering Hole Homes Rope pattern pottery.

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Japan

JAPAN


Early history

Early History

  • Migration across land bridge

  • Hunters and gatherers

  • Agriculture introduced a long time ago

  • Jimmu Tenno descendant from the gods

  • Tenno means “son of heaven”

  • Every emperor is deified Tenno


Jomon period

Jomon Period

  • Hunting and Gathering

  • Hole Homes

  • Rope pattern pottery


Yayoi period

Yayoi Period

  • Red dish pottery

  • Rice growers (from China?)

  • Agricultural communities

  • Trade with Koreans

  • Earliest Written Records


Yamato kingdom

Yamato Kingdom

  • Women rulers

  • Extended from S Japan to Tokyo

  • Introduced Chinese civilization

  • Prince Shotoku helped spread Buddhism

  • Set up bureaucracy based on Chinese

  • Prince Shotoku = change


Taika reforms

Taika Reforms

  • To unify kingdom

  • Established Yamato claim to throne

  • Official history written which claims all emperors descend from the sun goddess- what does this explain?

  • What is the significance of this?

  • National army never instituted


Japanese society

Japanese Society

  • Samurai=those who serve

  • Bushido=code of conduct(honor, obey, be loyal to daimyo and emperor)

  • Shogun = Highest military power (rule for emperor)

  • Daimyo= lord

  • Seppuku/hari kari

  • Samurai carried 2 swords-1 for battle, 1 for seppuku

  • Samurai were Buddhists


The tale of ronin what do we learn of japanese society from this tale

The Tale of Ronin:What do we learn of Japanese society from this tale?


Taiho code

Taiho Code

  • 702 CE (AD) What was happening in Europe at this time? Africa?

  • Set up the basic governing structure

  • Type of constitution

  • Emperor at the center

  • No censors , no criticism-Why?

  • Gov’t based on aristocracy-what Chinese practice did this exclude? Why?


Nara period

Nara Period

  • So named for the new capital-why did they move to Nara?

  • 710-784 CE – period of artistic flourishing

  • Borrowed and expanded the use of lacquer


Heian period

Heian Period

  • Kyoto is modern Heian

  • 794-1185 CE – What is happening elsewhere? Europe, SW Asia?

  • Fujiwara family gains influence , much like the Carolingian monarchs

  • Extend control to other islands

  • Emperor stripped of power but not replaced


Japan

  • Fujiwaras granted rights to their own estates and tax free, this took away power and $

  • Central govt became weak

  • Local govt (feudal estates) became powerful

  • Court life presented in TALE OF THE GENJI


Kamakura shogunate

Kamakura Shogunate

  • 1185CE: Yoritomo took title of “shogun

  • Strongest daimyo built castles

  • Organized military

  • Feudal system created

  • Shogunate rule until 1868


Japanese feudalism

JAPANESE FEUDALISM

  • Depended on loyalty

  • Loyalty to ruler (Confucian) loyalty to family (Japanese)

  • Lord/vassal relationship unlimited on part of vassal

  • Not a contract

  • Lord seen as having superior wisdom


Japan

  • What does this do to the development of rights?

  • Women were not fragile, not to be sheltered

  • Women were considered to be samurai

  • Taught the arts, did not have contempt for learning

  • How has this shaped modern Japan?


Japan

  • Small farmers turned over land to daimyo

  • 12th century most land was private

  • Emperor in name only

  • Eventually turned to primogeniture for protection

  • What did this do to the status of women?

  • Who else was hurt? What choices did they have?

  • Buddhist monks opposed unity-why?


Mongol invasion

Mongol invasion

  • Bow and arrow of samurai

  • “kamikaze”

  • Japanese successful but Kamakuras were supplanted by Ashikaga


Ashikaga shogunate

Ashikaga Shogunate

  • 1338-1567 CE: What was happening elsewhere?

  • Constant fighting until 16th century

  • Nobunaga: brilliant general, appt’d. Hideyoshi and Ieyasu

  • Accepted Portuguese and allowed Christianity: why?


Japan

  • Europeans brought guns

  • HIDEYOSHI: “Napoleon of Japan”, unified Japan, never shogun because not noble

    • Wanted to conquer China

    • Koreans wouldn’t allow trespass

    • Battles with Koreans weakened his army

    • Died 1598

      Power passed to Ieyasu


Japan1

JAPAN


Early history1

Early History

  • Migration across land bridge?

    • 30,000 years ago

  • 30,000 BCE - Hunters and gatherers

  • Agriculture introduced 2000yrs ago

  • A Mythical beginning…Jimmu Tenno

  • “son of heaven”

  • Every emperor is deified Tenno


Jomon period1

Jomon Period

  • H & G

    • Semi-sedentary

    • Clothing of bark

    • Rudimentary agriculture

  • Hole Homes

  • Rope pattern pottery


Yayoi period 300 bce 250 ce

Yayoi Period – 300 BCE – 250 CE

  • Influx of New Technology

    • Rice farming, shamanism, and iron and bronze-making, brought by migrants from Korea

  • Red dish pottery

  • Rice growers (from China?)

  • Agricultural communities

    • Society became increasingly more complex

      • Social Classes

      • Stone buildings and bridges

  • Trade with Koreans

    • Script Conflict

  • Earliest Written Records


Yamato kingdom 4 th 5 th century ce

Yamato Kingdom 4th – 5th Century CE

  • Focus

    • Highly Aristocratic

    • Emphasis on warfare

  • Women rulers

  • Extended from S Japan to Tokyo

  • Introduced Korean and Chinese civilization

    • Chinese writing system, Buddhism, and Confucianism were introduced

  • Brings Chinese beliefs and practices

  • Set up bureaucracy based on Chinese

    • Clan power reduced

    • Tradition loses influence because Buddhism which put greater emphasis on the transience of human life

  • Prince Shotoku = change


Taika reforms taika period 645 710

Taika Reforms Taika Period 645 - 710

  • To unify kingdom

    • to bring about greater centralization and to enhance the power of the Imperial Court, which was also based on the governmental structure of China

    • Envoys sent to China to study methods

  • Established Yamato claim to throne

  • CSE

  • Official history written which claims all emperors descend from the sun goddess- what does this explain?

  • What is the significance of this? Is there a parallel to another civilization?

    • ruled by the Decree of Heaven and exercised absolute authority

  • National army never instituted


Japanese society1

Japanese Society

  • Samurai=those who serve

  • Bushido=code of conduct(honor, obey, be loyal to daimyo and emperor)

  • Shogun = Highest military power (rule for emperor)

  • Daimyo= lord

  • Seppuku/hari kari

  • Samurai carried 2 swords-1 for battle, 1 for seppuku

  • Samurai were Buddhists


The tale of ronin what do we learn of japanese society from this tale1

The Tale of Ronin:What do we learn of Japanese society from this tale?


Taiho code1

Taiho Code

  • 702 CE (AD) What was happening in Europe at this time? Africa?

  • Set up the basic governing structure

  • Type of constitution

  • Emperor at the center

  • No censors , no criticism-Why?

  • Gov’t based on aristocracy-what Chinese practice did this exclude? Why?


Nara period1

Nara Period

  • So named from new capital-why did they move to Nara?

  • 710-784 CE – period of artistic flourishing

  • Borrowed and expanded the use of lacquer


Heian period1

Heian Period

  • Heian is modern Kyoto

  • 794-1185 CE – What is happening elsewhere? Europe, SW Asia?

    • Trade is on the rise

  • Role of Buddhism

    • Monk influence threatening aristocratic influence

    • Need to check the power of the Buddhist monks

      • Imperial govt flees to Heian

        • Buddhist monks forbidden to build monasteries in capital city

        • They build them in the surrounding hills and continue to influence

  • Court Life

    • Strict code of behavior

    • Stressed

    • Social status

    • Love affairs

    • Gossip

    • Writing poems, etc most valued art

    • Women should be as poised and as cultured as men

  • Fujiwara family gains influence , much like the Carolingian monarchs

  • Extend control to other islands

  • Emperor stripped of power but not replaced


Japan

  • Fujiwara family granted rights to their own estates and tax free, this took away power and $

    • From here on out Hojo family regulate order and samurai enforce in the name of the emperor

  • Central govt became weak

  • Local govt (feudal estates) became powerful

  • Court life presented in TALE OF THE GENJI


Kamakura shogunate1

Kamakura Shogunate

  • 1185CE: Yoritomo took title of “shogun

    • Military leaders of the bakufu (military government )

  • Strongest daimyo built castles

  • Organized military

  • Feudal system created

  • Shogunate rule until 1868


Japanese feudalism1

JAPANESE FEUDALISM

  • Depended on loyalty

  • Loyalty to ruler (Confucian) loyalty to family (Japanese)

  • Lord/vassal relationship unlimited on part of vassal

  • Not a contract

  • Lord seen as having superior wisdom


Japan

  • What does this do to the development of rights?

  • Women were not fragile, not to be sheltered

  • Women were considered to be samurai

  • Taught the arts, did not have contempt for learning

  • How has this shaped modern Japan?


Japan

  • Small farmers turned over land to daimyo

  • 12th century most land was private

  • Emperor in name only

  • Eventually turned to primogeniture for protection

  • What did this do to the status of women?

  • Who else was hurt? What choices did they have?

  • Buddhist monks opposed unity-why?


Mongol invasion1

Mongol invasion

  • Bow and arrow of samurai

  • “kamikaze”

  • Japanese successful but Kamakuras were supplanted by Ashikaga


Ashikaga shogunate1

Ashikaga Shogunate

  • 1338-1567 CE: What was happening elsewhere?

  • Constant fighting until 16th century

  • Nobunaga: brilliant general, appt’d. Hideyoshi and Ieyasu

  • Accepted Portuguese and allowed Christianity: why?


Japan

  • Europeans brought guns

  • HIDEYOSHI: “Napoleon of Japan”, unified Japan, never shogun because not noble

    • Wanted to conquer China

    • Koreans wouldn’t allow trespass

    • Battles with Koreans weakened his army

    • Died 1598

      Power passed to Ieyasu


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