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Deploying Windows Vista - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Deploying Windows Vista. Chapter 2. The Answer File. Answer file is an XML file containing the detail of a custom installation Windows System Image Manager creates the file Part of the Windows AIK Combined with a WIM image, allows automatic setup of Windows Vista.

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The answer file
The Answer File

  • Answer file is an XML file containing the detail of a custom installation

  • Windows System Image Manager creates the file

    • Part of the Windows AIK

  • Combined with a WIM image, allows automatic setup of Windows Vista

Steps to build an answer file
Steps to Build an Answer File

  • Create anew blank answer file

  • Add components

  • Configure Windows settings such as disk partition

  • Validate the file

  • Move it to removable media like a USB key or floppy disk

Capture a base image
Capture a Base Image

  • A WIM image that includes a base software and customization beyond standard WIM file

  • Use SYSPREP to prep a machine as a model for the image

  • Use IMAGEX to capture the image

  • Used with an answer file for a fully customized build

Transferring user state data
Transferring User State Data

  • User State Data are the files and settings unique to a user’s profile

  • Use the Windows Easy Transfer Wizard to one time migrations

    • Wizard based

    • Can use network, recordable CD/DVD, or Easy Transfer cable

  • Use the User State Migration Tool (USMT) for large migrations

    • Supports scripting and reporting

    • Command-line based

Usmt commands
USMT Commands

  • Scanstate.exe

    • Scans and stores files collected from a source computer based upon command line switches into a image file

    • Example command: c:/>scanstate.exe \\SERVER1\migration\user1store /i:migapp.xml /i:miguser.xml /o /config:config.xml /v:4 /encrypt /key:"vistamigrate1"

  • Loadstate.exe

    • Loads user data saved previously onto a new machine.

    • Example command: c:\>loadstate.exe \\SERVER1\migration\user1store /i:migapp.xml /i:miguser.xml /v:4 /decrypt /key:"vistamigrate1"

Verify system integrity
Verify System Integrity

  • Use System File Checker

  • Scans protected system files to verify their integrity

  • Command-line: Sfc.exe /verifyonly

Missing drivers
Missing Drivers

  • Add missing driver into the WIM file

    • Use SIM to reference new driver path

    • Mount the WIM image using IMAGEX

    • Use Package Manager to add the driver

    • Save the change to the WIM

Troubleshooting drivers
Troubleshooting Drivers

  • Some drivers will not be selected, even when they are present during installation

  • Know the ranking method for drivers:

    • 1. Signed driver

    • 2. Plug and Play ID matched

    • 3. Driver date

    • 4. Driver version number

Display devices
Display Devices

  • The 3D Aero interface requires a WDDM compatible display driver

  • Windows display driver rank system:

    • 1. Windows Vista signed by WHQL or inbox-signed

    • 2. Legacy WHQL-signed and Authenticode-signed

    • 3. Unsigned

    • 4. Feature criteria (such as WDDM over XDDM)

    • 5. Plug and Play ID match

    • 6. Driver date

    • 7. Driver version

  • Customize display settings using Display Settings window

Application compatibility
Application Compatibility

  • When programs don’t function, use the Program Compatibility Wizard

    • Accessible in Control Panel

    • Applet called Use an Older Program with This version of Windows

    • Pre-configured for proper settings of many popular programs

  • Compatibility Tab properties also accessible to manually configure when you right-click an executable

New folders for roaming users
New Folders for Roaming Users

  • New folders help with roaming profiles

  • They help segregate differing types of data so that only essential data in synced

  • New Group Policy snap-in allows for easy management of roaming profiles

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