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Science. What is “Safety”. Freedom from danger Safety is the condition of being protected against failure, breakage, error, accidents, or harm. (Protection involves here both causing and experiencing)

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Science

Science

What is “Safety”

Freedom from danger

Safety is the condition of being protected against failure, breakage, error, accidents, or harm. (Protection involves here both causing and experiencing)

A judgment of the acceptability of risk (a measure of the probability of an adverse outcome and its severity)

Safety (Acceptable Risk) = Probability of an event * the consequences


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Risk perception varies!


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  • Because each person is unique, they do not necessarily perceive risk in exactly the same way as others.

  • Research suggests that:

  • A persons disposition or personality and the risk situation at hand influences:

  • how they perceive (become aware) the risk

  • how they appraise (estimate magnitude) the risk

  • the propensity to take risk

  • and actual risk taking behaviors


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Luckily, research also suggests that:

A persons peer or reference group exerts a large influence on that persons attitudes toward risk and how they perceive work place risk.

The quality of a groups leadership influences groups norms, which in turn affect (positively) peoples risk perception and their risk taking behavior.


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  • SSRL, SLAC and the DOE will not tolerate unacceptable risk

  • Staff and Users are encouraged to say something if they think your being unsafe (bad behaviors) – listen to them and acknowledge their concern

  • SSRL plays a leadership role, providing a safe and respectful work environment, one in which risk is properly thought about and controlled and one that allows science to be conducted in a positive manner


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So, we’ve looked at what risk is, how you affect it and what influences it.

Now lets talk a little about what SSRLs goals are with respect to safety and how we approach “safety” when you come and perform experiments.

  • Goals of SSRL

  • to provide the safest possible work environment for all staff, users and visitors

  • for all staff and users to assume responsibility for their safety and take reasonable care for others who may be affected by their actions

  • provide structure and methods to help achieve the SSRL Director’s challenge of zero reportable accidents, injuries and illnesses in FY2005 (and beyond)


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ES&H and Integrated Safety Management

How do we achieve these goals:

Kindly, the DOE developed and provided a formal and organized process to manage all aspects of Environment, Safety and Health (ES&H) issues at its laboratories, aptly called Integrated Safety Management System (ISMS).

In short, it's a process that allows people (such as staff and Users) at all levels to plan, perform, assess and improve their implementation of ES&H at work. The system puts the responsibility for safety on each person doing a job at SSRL.


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Integrated Safety Management

WHAT IS THE JOB?

In this case, what is your experiment.

Proposal Submittal Process

Beam Time Request forms

SSRL Hazards form

User Support

Define

Scope of

Work


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ES&H and Integrated Safety Management

WHAT SAFETY HAZARDS ARE PRESENT OR POSSIBLE?

Ensuring risk (hazards) are properly identified and assessed

Documenting the hazards analysis

Review proposal for safety concerns, beam time request forms, hazard forms, MSDS’s, talk with users

We are looking to define the hazard, the risk potential (if it goes wrong, who or what will it affect and how) and understand the consequences of such an event

Define

Scope of

Work

AnalyzeHazards


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ES&H and Integrated Safety Management

HOW CAN THIS JOB BE PERFORMED SAFELY?

Implementing appropriate controls and methods

Documenting the control measures

Develop Safety Review Summary (SRS)

SSRL considers the hazard and proposed controls and develops a safety review summary. This outlines the controls or steps necessary to run the experiment “safely” and is signed by the Principal Investigator. It is an agreement between the PI and SSRL on how the experiment will be run.

Define

Scope of

ork

Develop &

Implement Hazard

Controls


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ES&H and Integrated Safety Management

DON’T TAKE CHANCES, CUT CORNERS OR RUSH TO FINISH A JOB

The Beamline Operator implements the Safety Check List, which assures that controls outlined and signed off in the SRS are indeed in place for your experiment.

If all is acceptable, then you will be put on-line and your experiment can commence

Perform

Work


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ES&H and Integrated Safety Management

MAKE A NOTE IF THE JOB COULD HAVE BEEN DONE IN A BETTER WAY OR MORE SAFELY, AND MAKE THE CHANGE HAPPEN.

Monitoring their effectiveness

SSRL End of Run Summary

(Its hard for us to know what to change if you don’t tell us – good, bad, nice, not so nice)

Support staff are available – experiment, beamline, user office, safety

Define

Scope of

Work

Obtain

Feedback

andImprove


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In conclusion

We consider safety to be a very high priority here at SSRL. It is an element of how we do business and supports our efforts to provide you an environment in which you can perform your science

Help us assure that experiments are run safely by taking responsibility for providing SSRL with information on your hazards in a timely manner

You are accountable for your safety and need to take reasonable care for others around you who may be affected by your actions

Principal Investigators have a responsibility to ensure your staff or associates are aware of the nature and magnitude of hazards relating to your experiment. Staff and associates you have a responsibility to identify and understand the hazards and controls employed that make it safe.

SSRL provides detailed information and training to all users to ensure you are aware of our facility related hazards.

If in doubt - ask.


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ES&H and Integrated Safety Management

  • Little known facts to finish with.

  • Workplace accidental deaths for 5,575 (2003)

  • Cost ~$156 Billion

    • 1353 (24%) are highway deaths

    • 696 Falls

    • 1131 Construction

  • Non-Workplace accidental deaths 101,500 (2003)

  • Cost ~$607 Billion

    • Motor Vehicles 44000

    • Unintentional Poisoning 13900

    • Falls 16200

    • Drowning 2900


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Finally, the statistics never lie:

Staying home is just “not safe”

Nearly 9 out of 10 deaths (non motor vehicle) and about two thirds of the disabling injuries suffered by American workers occurred off-the-job.

Those who work the safest way, live to work another day!


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