Umr cnrs 5627 ingenierie des materiaux polymeres
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UMR CNRS #5627 INGENIERIE DES MATERIAUX POLYMERES. Institut National des Sciences Appliquées de Lyon 69621 Villeurbanne (France) http://www.insa-lyon.fr/Laboratories/LMM. Laboratoire des Matériaux Macromoléculaires Institut National des Sciences Appliquées Head: Prof. J.F. Gérard

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UMR CNRS #5627 INGENIERIE DES MATERIAUX POLYMERES

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Umr cnrs 5627 ingenierie des materiaux polymeres

UMR CNRS #5627INGENIERIE DESMATERIAUX POLYMERES

Institut National

des Sciences Appliquées de Lyon

69621 Villeurbanne (France)

http://www.insa-lyon.fr/Laboratories/LMM


Umr cnrs 5627 imp ing nierie des mat riaux polym res

Laboratoire des Matériaux Macromoléculaires

Institut National des Sciences Appliquées

Head: Prof. J.F. Gérard

Laboratoire des Matériaux Polymères & Biomatériaux

Université Claude Bernard Lyon I - ISTIL

Head: Dr. G. Seytre

UMR CNRS #5627 / IMP Ingénierie des Matériaux Polymères

Head UMR: Prof. J.F. Gérard


Umr cnrs 5627 polymer materials engineering imp head prof g rard j f

Laboratory Macromolecular Materials

STAFF (47 permanents)

22 Professors or Assistant professors

12 CNRS senior scientists

14 Engineers/Technicians & Administratives

62 PhD students

5 Post-Docs

25 DEA (Masters)

UMR CNRS #5627Polymer Materials Engineering IMPHead: Prof. Gérard J.F.

Laboratory Polymer Materials & Biomaterials


Umr cnrs 5627 ingenierie des materiaux polymeres

IMP - UMR CNRS #5627

Outcomes 1999-2002

302Papers (referred)

93 Invited lectures

250Lectures

204Posters

24Patents

48PhDs (defended)

8PhDs (shared with other research groups)

International symposia organized

Workshops or Conferences

Polymer Blends May 2002, ‘Nanocomposites à charges lamellaires’ March 2003, Journées Transalpines des Polymères October 2003, Elaboration matériaux polymères nanoporeux January 2004, MODEST September 2004


Imp umr cnrs 5627 research topics

IMP - UMR CNRS #5627Research Topics

Fundamental research devoted to practical objectives (Materials Engineering)

Polymer chemistry Frontiers with polymer

(Chemical Engineering) Processing / Formulation physics

Polymer chemistries

Blends,

Filled polymers and

Composite materials

Surface and interface chemistries

Reactive and non-reactive

processes

Influence of the Process

Parameters

Properties


Imp umr cnrs 5627 research topics1

IMP - UMR CNRS #5627Research Topics

  • Synthesis of Polymers Having Controlled Architecture & Properties Syntheses and Chemical Modifications

  • Processing Engineering of Polymers, Blends, and Composite Materials

  • Surfaces & Interfaces Organization & Functionality

  • Architecture-Morphology / Mechanical, Electrical, and Transport Relationships of Polymers & Multimaterials

  • Natural & Bioartificial Polymer Materials


Imp umr cnrs 5627 applications examples

IMP - UMR CNRS #5627Applications - Examples

  • Composites / Nanocomposites MaterialsToughening, Gas barrier, Durability / Aging

    Intelligent Processing, Formulations, etc.

  • Surfaces, adhesives, coatings & multilayersFormulations, Processing requirements, powder coatings,

    UV coatings, adhesives, Designed surfaces

    Practical adhesion properties, Wettability, gas barrier

  • Polymers with Controlled Properties

    Mechanical Properties, Life Cycle (Aging, Recyclability,..)

    Electrical and dielectric properties (low K, etc)

    Transport / Barrier / Permeation, Diffusion, etc.


Umr cnrs 5627 ingenierie des materiaux polymeres

Research Topic#1

Synthesis of Polymers Having Controlled

Architecture & Properties

Syntheses and Chemical Modifications

IMP

UMR #5627

1.- Reaction mechanisms and kinetics

* Conventional polymerization routes (condensation, free radical, hydrol. condens.)

* Interfacial route: in-situ crosslinking of particles, microencapsulation

* Controlled radical polymerization: end-linking crosslinking, grafting from, …

* Structural changes during polymerization – chemiorheology –

2.- Formulations of reactive systems

* Chemical modification of oligomers (PUA, silicon alkoxide-term., HBP, TPU)

* Chemistries et organization at different scale lengths

- dispersion of pre-formed heterogeneities

(HPB, grafted nanosilica, mgels)

- organized polymer nanolayers (CRP grafting from)

* Amphiphilic networks TPU/PDMS

3.- Phase separation thermodynamics and kinetics in reactive systems

* High Tg thermoplastic/thermoset formulations (PEI, PES, PPE, PVC, PET, sPS)

* Nanostructured thermosets from block copolymers, POSS, HBP

* Porous networks from phase separation process


Umr cnrs 5627 ingenierie des materiaux polymeres

PEI

10%

20%

30%

45%

60%

3 mm

Research Topic#1

Synthesis of Polymers Having Controlled

Architecture & Properties

Syntheses and Chemical Modifications

IMP

UMR #5627

Toughening (KIc)

High Tg thermoplastic-thermoset blends

Processing aids

POLYETHERIMIDE

TP

MATRIX

PURE EPOXY

EPOXY

MATRIX

PHASE

INVERSION

PURE THERMO

PLASTIC

PPE

POLYPHENYLENE ETHER

(A.Bonnet et al, Macromolecules 1999)


Umr cnrs 5627 ingenierie des materiaux polymeres

TPU « self crosslinkable »

from

‘soft’ hydrolysis

3

aminoalkoxysilane

2

network

with designed

properties

diol,

diamine

humidity

Direct

crosslinking

complete

and fast

1

hydroxyalkylacrylate

4

crosslinkable TPU

from

photopolymerization

Research Topic#1

Synthesis of Polymers Having Controlled

Architecture & Properties

Syntheses and Chemical Modifications

IMP

UMR #5627

Chemical modifications of thermoplastic polyurethanes TPU

done in the molten state

- reactive extrusion -


Lmm imp insa lyon umr cnrs 5627 scientific topics

LMM/IMP INSA Lyon - UMR CNRS #5627Scientific Topics

Chemistries Under Study

  • EPOXIES

  • epoxy-amine, anhydride, homopolymerisation,

  • cationic , anionic types

  • encapsulation of amines, functionalization of hyperbranched pol.

  • water-borne and solvent-based formulations, linear epoxies

  • photopolymerization of cycloaliphatic epoxies

  • epoxy-thermoplastic blends (toughening, processing-aids)

  • PPE, PES, PEI, PS, sPS, PVC, …

  • POLYURETHANES, POLYUREAS

  • alcohol-isocyanate, amine-isocyanate,

  • blocked and encapsulated isocyanates, functionalization of hyperbranched pol.

  • segmented and crosslinked PU /PUR

  • dispersed TPU, reactive extrusion of TPU for crosslinking

  • CYANATE-ESTERS

  • POLYESTERS (PET)


Lmm imp insa lyon umr cnrs 5627 scientific topics1

LMM/IMP INSA Lyon - UMR CNRS #5627Scientific Topics

Chemistries Under Study (continued)

  • FREE RADICAL POLYMERIZATION

  • unsaturated polyesters, acrylates

  • BENZOXAZINES

  • ACRYLATE CHEMISTRY FOR COATINGs

  • epoxy- and polyurethane-acrylate based formulations

  • for thermal or UV curings

  • SOL-GEL CHEMISTRY FROM SILICON - ALKOXIDES

  • hybrid organic – inorganic materials based on PU and

  • (meta) acrylates

  • synthesis and introduction of polyhedralsilsesquioxanes POSS

  • CHEMISTRIES AT THE INTERFACES

  • reactive extrusion of immiscible polymers and filled polymers

  • generation of tailored interphases from specific interactions

  • establish at the interface (metal – epoxy/amine)

  • grafting on various types of surface (silica and silicates, …)


Umr cnrs 5627 ingenierie des materiaux polymeres

Research Topic#2

Processing Engineering of Polymers, Blends,

& Composite Materials

IMP

UMR #5627

1.- Chemistry and processing – Reactive processing

* Reactive extrusion

- Polymerization

copolymer synthesis

on-line crosslinking of a dispersed phase (TPV, epoxy-amine)

- Chemical modifications

- Control and stabilization of morphologies in blends

and nanocomposites

* Reactive molding

- Resin Transfer Molding RTM

- Reaction Injection Molding RIM

2.- Physics associated to processing

* Pressure-Volume-Temperature behaviour

* Pressure and shear effects on crystallization processes

* Generation of designed morphologies in thermoplastic-based blends

Deformation of the dispersed phase


Umr cnrs 5627 ingenierie des materiaux polymeres

Research Topic#2

Processing Engineering of Polymers, Blends,

& Composite Materials

IMP

UMR #5627

Reactive extrusion

Dryer

Feeders (V, w)

Pumps

NIR & MIR

spectroscopies

Polymerization in bulk and

in the dispersed phase

Homopolymerization of e-caprolactone

Reactive epoxy-amine dispersed phase in PS

Thermoset/thermoplastic blends

Spectro UV

Chemical modification in extruder

Anhydride-alcohol reaction (copolymers)

Alcoholis of PET

TPU modification

m-wave

channel

Computer-controlled

extruder (P,T, rot., …)

Instrumention of twin-screw extruder

Reactive solvants – Foams

Other investigated routes

Exchange reactions

ester – alkoxysilane (TPV)

Compatibilization

blends

nanofillers (nanoclays)

Non-compatibilized and in-situ compatibilized PP/PE blends


Umr cnrs 5627 ingenierie des materiaux polymeres

Research Topic#2

Processing Engineering of Polymers, Blends,

& Composite Materials

IMP

UMR #5627

Reaction Injection Molding RIM

Design of reactive systems

In-situ analysis of reaction

FT-IR (NIR)

Microdielectrometry

Resin Transfer Molding RTM

Intelligent processing (in-situ analysis: mdielectrometry, US, NIR)

Modeling mold filling (chemiorheology, permeability)

Combined processes (in-situ dissolution of TP films or fibers)

RTN Polynetset

GROWTH Soltex


Umr cnrs 5627 ingenierie des materiaux polymeres

Research Topic#2

Processing Engineering of Polymers, Blends,

& Composite Materials

IMP

UMR #5627

Design of morphologies from processing conditions

High shape factor dispersed phase Effect of pressure and shear rate

on crystallization processes

PVT apparatus

Device for high shear rate

testing in the molten state

PE/PET blend

Injection molding process

SCOOP (Shrinkage Crystallinity Orientation of Polymers)

FISH (Fiber-filled polymer Injection & Shrinkage)

Solvay / Moldflow / legrand


Umr cnrs 5627 ingenierie des materiaux polymeres

Research Topic#3

Surfaces & Interfaces

Organization and Functionality

IMP

UMR #5627

1.- Development of new methods for analysis and processing of surfaces

* Controlled Radical Polymerization applied to surfaces (grafting from)

* AFM developments: chemical mapping, surface forces, etc.

* Modeling of interfaces in blends and composites (microcomposites)

* Molecular modeling of bulk and surface properties

2.- Study of structure/organization of surfaces and interfaces

in macromolecular systems

* PRC for grafting ultra-thin PS layers

* Effect of interactions at the interface with an inorganic surface (nanofillers)

* Interactions/reactions at polymer-polymer interfaces

* Interfacial adhesion in polymer-based materials

3.- Design, modification, and functionalization of surfaces and interfaces

* Methodology for intercalation/exfoliation of lamellar nanofillers

and nanoparticles in TPs and TSs

* Synthesis of gradient interphases – Chemistries of interfaces

* Design of interactive/reactive surfaces using chemical and/or physical methods


Umr cnrs 5627 ingenierie des materiaux polymeres

Research Topic#3

Surfaces & Interfaces

Organization and Functionality

IMP

UMR #5627

Development of tools and methodologies for studying surfaces and interfaces

Theoretical

Modeling wettability of polymer surfaces

Analysis of interactions between PDMS and silica

Experimental

ADCB method for fracture energy of

polymer-polymer interfaces

Microcomposites


Umr cnrs 5627 ingenierie des materiaux polymeres

Research Topic#3

Surfaces & Interfaces

Organization and Functionality

IMP

UMR #5627

Nanocomposites - Management of nanoparticles dispersion

state in polymers from tailoring the interactions at the interface

PDMS - silica

Polypropylene PP – montmorillonite MMT

Effect of the nature of the quaternary

ammonium chains on intercalation/exfoliation

Effect of grafting level of silica


Umr cnrs 5627 ingenierie des materiaux polymeres

Research Topic#4

Architecture-Morphology / Mechanical,

Electrical, and Transport Relationships of

Polymers & Multimaterials

IMP

UMR #5627

1.- Mechanical and viscoelastic properties of polymer and multimaterials

* Molecular architecture-morphology / mechanical behavior relationships

* Feedback to synthesis, formulation, and processing conditions

* Adhesion of polymer layers on substrates

2.- Electrical and optical properties of polymers

* Study of diffusion and relaxation mechanisms

* Electrical response – physicochemical events relationships

* Electroactive polymers

* Interfacial adhesion in polymer-based materials

3.- Transport of small molecules in dense macromolecular materials

* Transport mechanisms and modeling: solubility vs. diffusion

* Architecture-morphology / transport properties relationships

* Effects of additional parameters: humid environment, etc.


Umr cnrs 5627 ingenierie des materiaux polymeres

(

f = 1

kHz

, T = 161

°

C)

Polarized light

Polarized light

13

3,0E-08

2,5E-08

12

Permittivity

E

E

11

2,0E-08

Ionic conductivity

(ohm.cm)-1

AC

AC

1,5E-08

10

: PEN

spacer

(25 µm)

9

1,0E-08

: PVDF

sample

(30 µm)

5,0E-09

8

: Aluminium

lead

: ITO

glass

7

0

500

1000

1500

2000

2500

time (sec.)

1694 s.

200 s.

714 s.

944 s.

520 s.

1274 s.

Research Topic#4

Architecture-Morphology / Mechanical,

Electrical, and Transport Relationships of

Polymers & Multimaterials

IMP

UMR #5627

Use of combined methods for studying crystallization of thermoplastics

Dielectric spectroscopy DEA

Optical microscopy

PVDF crystallization


Umr cnrs 5627 ingenierie des materiaux polymeres

Research Topic#5

Native & Bioartificial Materials

IMP

UMR #5627

1.- Basic analysis of kinetics and thermodynamics of extraction

mechanisms of polymers from biomass

2.- Kinetics and thermodynamics of chemical modification reactions

of chitine and chitosane for processing biomimetic structures

3.- Study of interactions in solution and in the solid state

4.- Design of complex physical shapes from solutions

* Physical hydrogels from chitosane

* Nanoparticle formation

* Bio-encapsulation

5.- Physico-chemical interactions from physical hydrogels

6.- Metallic ions and dyes sorption on chitosane and cellulose

7.- Interface with life sciences


Umr cnrs 5627 ingenierie des materiaux polymeres

Research Topic#5

Native & Bioartificial Materials

IMP

UMR #5627

Objectives

Use of native structures existing partially which can be induce various non-conventional

biological responses, i.e.

polysaccharides : glycosaminoglycanes (GAG), chitine, chitosane

  • N-acetylglucosamine extracellular matrix (GAG, glycoconjuguated) as simple and sulfate forms

- b bond, (14) biological media,

- Influence of DA management of the biological response


Imp umr cnrs 5627 european research training networks

IMP - UMR CNRS #5627European Research Training Networks

  • POLYNETSET Thermoset-Based Polymer Blends

    LMM-IMP INSA LyonLyon (France) Coordinator

    Institute Polymerforschung Dresden (Germany)

    Politecnico MilanoMilano (Italy)

    Université Catholique de Louvain Louvain (Belgium)

    Imperial College London (Great Britain)

    Basque County University San Sebastian (Spain)

    Siegen University Siegen (Germany)

  • NBB-HYBRIDS Hybrid Organic-Inorganic Materials

    LMM-IMP INSA LyonLyon (France) Coordinator

    Institute Polymerforschung Dresden (Germany)

    UPMC Université Paris VI Paris (France)

    Trento University Trento (Italy)

    Institute Macromolecular Sci.Prague (Czech Republic)

    Franhaufer Inst. SilicatforschungWursburg (Germany)


Imp umr cnrs 5627 european programme 6th pcrd

IMP - UMR CNRS #5627European Programme 6th PCRD

  • Network of Excellence

    NANOFUN-POLY

    Nanostructured and Multifunctional Polymer-Based

    Materials and Nanocomposites

    INSTM (Italian Univ.)Perugia (Italy) Coordinator

    IMP INSA LyonLyon (France) Vice-Coordinator

    Consortium of 28 partners

  • STREP‘NANOFIRE’ Nanocomposites for Fire Retardancy Materials

    Politecnico TorinoAlessandria (Italy) coordinator

    LMM-IMP INSA LyonLyon (France) Partner


Imp umr cnrs 5627 scientific collaborations

IMP - UMR CNRS #5627Scientific Collaborations

  • PICS Program

    CRMM /Technical University Lodz Lodz (Poland)

    Coal InstituteGliwicze (Poland)

  • Australia

    Monash UniversityMelbourne

    Queensland UniversityBrisbane

    Queensland University of TechnologyBrisbane

    Wollongong UniversityWollongong

  • Weizmann InstituteRehovot (Israël)

  • INTEMAMar-del-Plata (Argent.)

  • W. & M. CollegeWilliamsburg (USA)

  • Ecole Polytechnique de LausanneLausanne (Switzerland)

  • Politecnico TorinoTorino (Italy)

  • Réseau Transalpin des Polymères

    CH – Vaud /Genève / Valais I - Lombardie / Ligurie / Vallée F – Région Rhône-Alpes d’Aoste


Imp umr cnrs 5627 scientific collaborations1

IMP - UMR CNRS #5627Scientific Collaborations

  • Fédération des Polyméristes Lyonnais

    NMR facilities Center, etc.

  • Programmes (GDR, ACI...)

    CPR " Reactive Extrusion"

    ACI Nanomaterials " Clay-Based Nanocomposites"

    ACI Adhesion " Metal / Polymer Interfaces"

    PREDIT Transportation " RTM Process"

    Ministry of Industry " RTM Preforms "

    RECORD 2000 " Recycling of Polymer Blends "  

    RNMP " PROSPET ", " NENATEX "  

    PACO " POLYSTOCK "  Hydrogen storage

  • Rhône-Alpes County

    Emergence " Nanocomposites Varnishes and Adhesives "

    Materials ‘Non-permeable/Breathing PU’

    Materials " Nanocomposites based on lamellar nanofillers""

    Materials " Reactive TS/TD formulations for new cables "

  • French Research groups

    ISITEM Nantes, ENSAM Paris, ESPCI Paris, Univ. Lille, Clermont-Ferrand Univ., etc.


Imp umr cnrs 5627 connections with industry

IMP - UMR CNRS #5627Connections with Industry

About 87% of research activities are associated

with industrial contracts

  • Chemical Companies

    Ato-Fina, Solvay, Rhodia, Rhodia Silicones, Dow Chem., Exxon

    Vantico, Tergal, Wacker Chem.

  • Polymer Users Companies

    Compounding/ Formulation Multibase Dow Corning, Gemoplast, SAMI

    Acome, Merilithe, Chauzu, Allrim

    Automotive/Aeronautics Renault, Inoplast, EADS – Airbus, CTTM

    Coatings/PaintsCelliose, Becker Ind., Arcelor

    Packaging Pechiney/Cébal, Nestlé, Pernod-Ricard,

    Vitembal, Tetrapak

    Electricity / Electronics Nexans, EDF, Porcher, RCE, Trixell-Thalès

    Civil Engineering St. Gobain, Soprema, Lafarge, Gerflor, Spit

    Others IFP, CEA, Rossignol, IFTH

    Kodak , Air Liquide


Imp umr cnrs 5627 connections with industrial partners

IMP - UMR CNRS #5627Connections with industrial partners

Types of collaboration

  • PhD Doctorates

    CIFRE, BDI-CNRS, DGA, R-A County, EC 5th PCRDT

  • Post-doctorates

    R-A County, EC 5th PCRDT

  • ‘End of Study’ / Master Projects

    which can be connected with a following 5/6 month-long training period

    in industry

  • ‘Transfer Engineer’ INSA

    Initial Research and Development Studies

    for SME companies (duration: few months )

    Technology and Literature Survey and Watching

    Experiments / Data Analysis


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