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Nama penceramah Cikgu James ak Siba. Tajuk Ceramah Tip-tip menjawab soalan sains(UPSR). PAPER FORMAT. BILINGUAL (ENGLISH OR B. MALAYSIA). OBJECTIVES QUESTIONS. Element 2. Element 1. Interpretation. Extrapolation. Fact. Terminology. Principle. Understanding. Knowledge.

Nama penceramah Cikgu James ak Siba

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Nama penceramah

Cikgu James ak Siba

Tajuk Ceramah

Tip-tip menjawab soalan sains(UPSR)

PAPER FORMAT

BILINGUAL (ENGLISH OR B. MALAYSIA)

OBJECTIVES QUESTIONS

Element 2

Element 1

Interpretation

Extrapolation

Fact

Terminology

Principle

Understanding

Knowledge

Translation

method

Classifying

sequence

Element 3

Application

Multiple choice

Which of the following is not true about force?

Yang manakah antara berikut tidak benar tentang daya?

A. Force can be seen

Daya boleh dilihat

B. Effect of force can be felt

Kesan daya boleh dirasa

C. Force can change the shape of object

Daya boleh mengubah bentuk objek

D. Force can change the motion direction of object

Daya boleh mengubah arah pergerakan objek

Combination of multiple choice questions

The babies of these animals look like their parent except

Anak anak haiwan ini merupai ibunya mereka kecuali

A I and II only

B I and III only

C II and IV only

D III and IV only

Construct

FACT: Recall information that you have learnt.

The microorganism above is a____________

Fungi

Protozoa

Bacteria

virus

Construct

TERMIMOLOGY: Explain the uses of term .

Object Q is an opaque material.

Q

Which of the following describe object Q ?

The material does not allow light pass through

The material allows only some light to pass through

The material allows all light pass through

The material allows only the brightest light to pass through

Construct

METHOD: Handle things, method of investigation or

procedure used.

A group of students is investigating a plant growth.

Which of the following should be done?

I Measure the height of the plant

II Count the number of roots

III Count the number of flowers

IV Measure the size of the stem

I and III only

I and IV only

II and IV only

III and IV only

Construct

CLASSIFYING: Group things together sets and subsets.

Which of the characteristics are suitable for the animals shown below ?

Mercury - My

Venus - very

Earth - Excellent

Mars - Mother

Jupiter - Just

Saturn - Serve

Uranus - Us

Neptune - Nice

Pluto - Pizza

Mercury

Water droplets

Construct

TRANSLATION: Ability to translate through observation

from one form to another

The diagram shows water droplets on the surface of a glass

What process has taken place?

Freezing

Boiling

Condensation

Evaporation

PRINCIPLE: Knowledge of main ideas, used for

arranging or formation of phenomena.

Construct

The diagram shows a dented can after being hit

What is explained from his observation?

A. Force can be seen

B. Force can move a stationary object

C. Force can change the motion of an object

D. Force can change the shape of an object

INTERPRETING: Giving new ideas or new information

without changing the original context.

Graph, Table chart, Picture

Construct

A The water is boiling

B The water is being cooled

C The water is being heated

D The water is being expose to sunlight

N

sunlight

W

E

S

Construct

EXTRAPOLATION :Making forecast from data or graph

on what might happen

The figure shows a tree in a field.

Which of the following show the correct shadow with it’s time?

A.

B.

C.

D.

3.00 pm

7.00 am

5.00 pm

11.00 am

APPLICATION: Solve problems to new situations by

applying science knowledge

Construct

The hot coffee in the Diagram gets cooler faster if

I the coffee is stirred

II the coffee is covered

III the coffee is exposed underneath the fan

A I only

B I and II only

C II and III only

D I and III only

Science Process Skills

Observing

Inference

Variables

Predict

Hypothesis

Interpret data

Study Guide

Observation

Looking for information

Observation

State what you see in the picture, table, graph

• the differences

• the changes occurred

Observation

Information given

Question Key

State one observation….

What can you say …….

What can you see from the ……..

Write the changes or differences

in the diagrams / graphs / tables

eg: The size of the plants in Pot A is bigger than the plant in pot B.

The poles of a magnet attract many paper clips.

The number of animals decrease.

Observation

Looking for information

cupboard

differences

P

Q

State one observation based on the picture

Plant Q stayed healthy and Plant P is wilted.

Observation

Looking for information

2005

1995

2000

Changes occurred

State one observation about the number of trees in the forest every 5

years.

The number of trees in the forest increase every 5 years.

• The diagram below show three towels of the same size and thickness

• dried under the hot sun. Towel R is not folded. Towel S is folded into

• two and towel T is folded into four.

Towel R Towel S Towel T

( a ) What can you say about the time taken for towel R to dry

compared to towels S and T ?

Towel R took the fastest time to dry compared to towel S and T

Inference

Inference

Controlled

Give reason based on your observation.

Question Key

Inference

Any logic inference is accepted

Give your inference based on ……………

Explain you observation

State the possible reason for your observation

What can you infer………….

• Plant A withered because of not enough sunlight.

• because it didn’t have enough…………..

• action of bacteria.

Give a reason why the orange rottten after two weeks?

Observation

Looking for information

2005

1995

2000

State one observation about the number of trees in the forest every 5

years.

The number of trees in the forest increase every 5 years.

Replanting of trees

Develop forest reserve

Inference

Any logic inference is accepted

A

B

a. State one observation based on this experiment

b. What can you infer from the observation in (1a)

Magnet A attract more paper clips than magnet B

Magnet B has been heated

Inference

Any logic inference is accepted

has been knocked many times

has been dropped many times

Variables

The things you select in a fair test / experiment

What will you change (manipulated) [W2C]

What will you measure (responding) [W2M]

What must you keep the same to make a fair test (control) [W2S]

Question Key

Based on the investigation/experiment state the following

What is changed (manipulated) [W2C]

What is kept the same ( control /constant) [W2S]

What is measured (responding) [W2M]

+

Parameter

object

size of the

ice-cube

amount of

water

presence of

sunlight

type of

plant

JOHAN’S ESTATE

APAI’ ESTATE

AVERAGE PER TREE

200 MANGOES

AVERAGE PER TREE

100 MANGOES

Based on the investigation state the following

i what is changed:

ii what is measured:

iii what is kept the same:

The distance between each mango tree

Number of mangoes // fruits

Size of the estate //

Amount of fertilizer //

Type of tree

The diagram is a report in a science scrap book

Waste materials

Can decay easily

Cannot decay easily

Group Q

Meat

Paper

wood

Group P

glass

Metal objects

Tin cans

State the things in this fair test that are

Change :

Observe :

Type of materials

Ability to decay

Diagram below shows an investigation carried out by Fiza. She puts three

different sizes of sponge in three containers. Each container contains 500 ml water

After 15 minutes, she recorded the volume of water left in the container. The result are shown in the table below.

P Q R

What to change

Sizes of sponge

What to measure

Volume of water left

500 ml

water

500 ml

water

Container P

Container Q

Container R

oil

nail

pipe

water

nail

boiled

water

dry air

nail

oil

nail

dried calcium

chloride

The Factors that Cause Rusting

In this experiment state,

What is changed

What is observed

Presence of air and water

Condition of the nail

In the investigation, state

i. What is change:

ii. What is observed:

iii. What is kept the same:

Presence of sunlight

Condition of plants

Type of plant

Presence of water

a. In this experiment, state

i. what is changed:

ii. what is measured

iii. what is kept the same:

Type of surface

Distance the toy car travelled

Type of toy car

50 g

100g

150g

In this experiment, state

i. what is changed

ii what is measured

iii what is kept the same

The mass of the object

The length of the spring

Type of spring

Size of the spring

Predicting

Using the data / from past experience, state what will happen next

Question Key

What will happen if……………?

Predict the number of …….?

Estimate the number…………?

Study the trend / pattern changes

Predict the number

75oC / 10 g / 6cm

Predict the situation

It will stay healthy

It will be extinct

Time / minute

0

2

4

6

8

10

12

Water temperature oC

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

9

Predict the water temperature at the 9 minute.

75 o c

80 – 70 = 10

10 ÷ 2 = 5

70 + 5 = 75

or

80 - 5 = 75

Number of elephant

2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 Years

Based on the trend, predict the number of elephant for 2007

Extinct

Balsam plant

Pot B

Pot A

What will happen to the plants in pot A and pot B after 2 weeks?

Hypothesis

General statement about objects/ phenomenon based on an observation whether it is true of false till it can be tested before carry out the fair test.

Question Key

State one hypothesis for your investigation.

Write one hypothesis…………

Write one hypothesis based on the information

Use general statement based on “science concept”

Plant needs water to stay alive.

Light travels in straight line.

Relate what to change and what to measure

If the length of the stringincrease, the numberof swingdecrease.

If the number of batteryincrease, the brightness of the bulbincrease

Using the information, write one hypothesis.

Plant needs sunlight to stay alive

50 g

100g

150g

State one hypothesis for this experiment

If the mass increase the length of the spring also increase

Interpreting Data

Write the aim / purpose of investigation

State the trend of change in the data

State the relationship between the variables

State the conclusion for the experiment

Question Key

What is the aim / purpose of the investigation?

Based on the ….. state the trend in the………

What is the relationship between……………..

What conclusion can be made from this investigation?

1. Aim / purpose

To find out the relationship between [W2C] and [W2M]

2. Trend

Increase : From small getting bigger or larger.

From lower became higher

Decrease: From bigger/larger getting smaller

From higher getting lower

Did not change / unchanged

3. Relationship

As (W2C)increase / decrease, the (W2M) increase/ decrease

4. Conclusion

As (W2C) increase / decrease, the (W2M) increase/ decrease

Science concept: Plant needs water to stay alive

Light can be reflected

The length of string

3cm

6cm

9cm

12cm

The number of swing(1min)

10

8

6

4

Aim / purpose

3cm

6cm

9cm

12cm

What is the aim of the investigation ?

To find out the relationship between the length of string and

the number of swing.

Aim / purpose

What do you want to know?

To find out that plant needs water to stay alive

Trend

Number of tigers

2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 Years

a. What is the trend in the number of tigers from 2000 to 2005?

Decreasing

Time

12.00am

0

1:00 pm

20

2:00 pm

40

3:00 pm

60

4:00 pm

80

5.00 pm

100

Trend

What is the trend for the length of the shadows from 12:00 noon to 5:00 pm?

Increasing

Conclusion

What conclusion can be made from this investigation?

Plants need water to stay alive

Time ( min)

0

2

4

6

8

10

12

Water temperatureoC

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

Conclusion

a. What is the conclusion of the experiment?

As the time to heat the water increase, the watertemperature

also increase

Draw one conclusion.

When the surrounding temperature is between 16 oC to 20 oC the most

number of tomatoes produced.

Number of batteries

1

2

3

Brightness of the bulbs

dim

bright

brightest

What is

changed

What is

measured

a) In the investigation :

i. what is changed? .....................................................

ii. What is measured? .....................................................

number of batteries

brightness of the bulbs

b) What is the aim of the investigation ?

To find out the relationship between .......................................and

.........................................................................................................

number of batteries

brightness of the bulbs

grain of sugar

9.00 am

9.05 am

9.10 am

Some grain of sugar is left near the ant trail in the classroom at 9.00

The number of ant is recorded as above

a. What is the aim of the investigation?

To find out the relationship between the number of ant and

the time.

b. State the information gathered in the investigation

Time

Number of ant

c. What is the relationship the information given in (b)

As the time increase the number of ant also increase

d. Predict the number of ant coming at 9.15 am

9

THANK YOU