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Developing Functional Behavior Teams At Your School. Welcome to:. August 12, 2008. We want your questions, feedback, and suggestions. But, there may not be enough time to take them all during the presentation. Please write and submit them at the presentation end. Thanks!.

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Welcome to

Developing

Functional Behavior Teams

At Your School

Welcome to:

August 12, 2008

We want your questions, feedback, and suggestions.

But, there may not be enough time to take them all during the presentation.

Please write and submit them at the presentation end. Thanks!


Presenters in order of presentation
Presenters(in order of presentation):

  • Psychological Services: Tracy Schatzberg

  • School Psychologist: Etta Rahming

  • Guidance Counselor: Bonnie Anzalone

  • Social Worker: Alex Smith


Handouts
Handouts

  • We are promoting “paperless” communication to save district funds and the environment.

  • “Handouts” are available online as a Powerpoint presentation and PDF document.

    (The website address appears later.)

  • You may edit the Powerpoint presentation for training purposes at your school.


The little red star
The little red star…

  • Our time for completing this presentation is limited.

  • In some parts, we can only highlight the key points.

  • Additional details are provided throughout the presentation.


The little red star…

  • Our time for completing this presentation is limited.

  • In some parts, we can only highlight the key points.

  • Additional details are provided throughout the presentation.

  • Frames with a red star in the upper right corner include details for later study.


Broad goals
Broad Goals

  • Explore methods to work more efficiently on Functional Behavior Assessments (FBA) and Behavior Intervention Plans (BIP)

  • Remove barriers and build the infrastructure

  • Assure compliance with laws and related rules

  • Provide high quality services to all students with behavior challenges


Objectives
Objectives

  • Answer “Why build a FBA-BIP team?”

  • Review training methods to strengthen team skills

  • Discover new tools

  • Determine when and how to seek expert support for your team

  • Examine how to develop and operate your team


Why do students and schools need fbas and bips

Why Do Students and Schools Need FBAs and BIPs

“It’s the right thing to do.”

Etta Rahming, School Psychologist


Exclusionary Disciplinary Actions

Suspensions 2007-2008 - Gen. Ed. + ESE(OSS, ISS, ATOSS and Bus Suspension)

  • Elementary School

    • 4,135 Students

    • 15,857 Days of Suspension

    • 79,285 Hours of Instruction Lost

  • Middle School

    • 13,374 Students

    • 109,981 Days of Suspension

    • 549,905 Hours of Instruction Lost

  • High School

    • 16,513 Students

    • 110,545 Days of Suspension

    • 552,725 Hours of Instruction Lost


Suspensions 2007-2008 - Gen. Ed. + ESE(OSS, ISS, ATOSS and Bus Suspension)

  • Alternative Education

    • 591 Students

    • 11,691 Days of Suspension

    • 58,455 Hours of Instruction Lost

  • Career Centers

    • 486 Students

    • 2,925 Days of Suspension

    • 14,625 Hours of Instruction Lost


Suspensions 2007-2008 - Gen. Ed. + ESE(OSS, ISS, ATOSS and Bus Suspension)

  • ESE Centers

    • 299 Students

    • 2,778 Days of Suspension

    • 13,890 Hours of Instruction Lost

  • Youth Services

    • 12 Students

    • 86 Days of Suspension

    • 430 Hours of Instruction Lost


Suspension Totals

  • 35,410 Students (Duplicated Count)

  • 253,863 Days of Suspension

  • 1,269,315 Hours of Instruction Lost

    Lost instructional hours compound problems with academic frustration and failure, exacerbate behavior challenges, and thereby increase the student’s risk of school failure, dropout, and/or exclusion.


Exclusionary disciplinary actions

Are used disproportionately for students with Emotional/Behavioral Disabilities (EBD):

333 ESE Student Change of Placements (2007-08)

For students with EBD, (whose disability is most likely to be manifested behaviorally), the analysis is:

7% Total Students With Disabilities

40% Students whose actions resulted in a

Change of Placement


Exclusionary disciplinary actions

Are used disproportionately for

some minority students:

Average Ethnicity Proportions of

Suspended Gen. Ed. + ESE Students (2007-08)

ENROLLEDSUSPENDED

  • Indian 1% 1%

  • Multiracial 5% 5%

  • Hispanic 27%26%

  • Asian 3%1%

  • White 42% 29%

  • Black 22% 38%


Exclusionary disciplinary actions
Exclusionary disciplinary actions:

  • May inadvertently increase the frequency, duration, and intensity of some student behaviors. Examples:

    • Out-of-School Suspensions may reinforce problem behaviors by:

      • allowing the student to avoid or escape schoolwork.

      • allowing the student to access high potency reinforcers (video games, sex, alcohol, drugs) in the community.

  • Fail to teach alternative behaviors

  • May appear to be coercive and result in student counter-control behaviors, severe aggression, harm to self, or other serious behavior changes

  • Could be reduced by early and effective FBAs and behavioral interventions


What are the potential negative outcomes
What Are the Potential Negative Outcomes?

The risks of failure in school are severe. Students who receive ineffective interventions and drop out, or are excluded, from school can experience:

  • Functional illiteracy

  • Fewer paths of opportunity after school

  • Adult life of poverty

  • Dependence on social welfare systems

  • Incarceration

  • Substance abuse

  • Health insurance gaps, health problems, early death

    What are the costs to society? Or, our schools?


Reasons for building fba bip teams
Reasons for Building FBA-BIP Teams

To assure that students who are at risk of, or who have experienced, exclusionary disciplinary actions have received:

  • Adequate FBAs

  • BIPs that containscientific, research-based interventions

  • BIPs that were implemented for a reasonable time period

  • Data that demonstrates the BIP was implemented

  • Data that demonstrates intervention integrity


Reasons for building fba bip teams1
Reasons for Building FBA-BIP Teams

To meet the behavioral intervention needs of General Education and Special Education students:

  • reduce ineffective disciplinary actions

  • provide better universal and targeted group interventions

  • provide better individualized FBAs and BIPs, when warranted


Reasons for building fba bip teams2
Reasons for Building FBA-BIP Teams

To meet the behavioral intervention needs of General Education and Special Education students:

  • prevent the severe negative outcomes associated with school failure and dropping out


Is there a better way to identify students who may need fba bips

Is There A Better Way To Identify Students Who May Need FBA-BIPs?

Tracy Schatzberg, Psychological Services


Early identification of students who may need fba bips
Early identification of students who may need FBA-BIPs

  • New online district discipline data system (known as “Crystal Enterprises” or “Business Objects”)

  • Permits better Tier 1 Universal Screening

  • School access to their current site information on demand

  • Can print the reports or export to other formats such as PDF or Excel


Early identification of students who may need fba bips1
Early identification of students who may need FBA-BIPs

June-July 2008 - Orientation of Administrators

August 2008 – Schools form Behavior (or Performance) Leadership Teams with Student Support Staff

August–December 2008 - Area-Based Team Training:

  • Team Member Skills & Roles

  • Streamlining Data Entry & Online Data Access

  • 3-Tier Problem Solving Models

  • Interventions (Selection and Implementation)

  • Problem-Solving & Data-based decision making (RTI) with STAT & the Professional Learning Community

  • School Improvement Plans

    Proposed: Online discipline data collection system


What are the laws and rules impacting fbas and bips

What Are The Laws and Rules Impacting FBAs and BIPs?

“Besides being the right thing to do, it’s the law.”


Remember
Remember…

  • Frames with a red star in the upper right corner include details for later study.


Idea 2004 fbas and bips for ese students
IDEA 2004: FBAs and BIPs for ESE students

  • Part E: Procedural Safeguards

  • Discipline Procedures

  • §300.530 Authority of school personnel. (Excerpts)

  • Complete text:

    http://www.wrightslaw.com/idea/index.htm


(d) Services.

(1) A child with a disability who is removed from the child’s current placement pursuant to paragraphs (c), or (g) of this section must--

  • (ii) Receive, as appropriate, a functional behavioral assessment, and behavioral intervention services and modifications, that are designed to address the behavior violation so that it does not recur.


(e) Manifestation determination.

  • Within 10 school days of any decision to change the placement of a child with a disability because of a violation of a code of student conduct,…

    (f) If the LEA, the parent, and relevant members of the IEP Team make the determination that the conduct was a manifestation of the child’s disability, the IEP Team must-

    (1) Either-–

  • (i) Conduct a functional behavioral assessment,unless the LEA had conducted a functional behavioral assessment before the behavior that resulted in the change of placement occurred, and implement a behavioral intervention planfor the child; or

  • (ii) If a behavioral intervention plan already has been developed, review the behavioral intervention plan, and modify it, as necessary, to address the behavior;…


Ebd technical assistance paper
EBD Technical Assistance Paper

  • TAP #: K12: 2008-53

  • New from Florida DOE May 9, 2008

  • Complete text:

    http://www.fldoe.org/ese/pub-home.asp


Purposes of state board of education rule
Purposes of State Board of Education rule

To ensure that students with emotional/behavioral disabilities (E/BD):

  • receive appropriate interventions in general education settings

  • are identified in a responsive manner;

  • and, when necessary, receive special education services in the least restrictive setting.


Key features
Key features

  • School-based intervention teams apply a problem-solving process to develop evidence-based interventions of sufficient intensity to match the student’s needs.

    • In HCPS, these teams are STAT and the problem-solving process is a multi-tier RTI approach to providing instruction and intervention, at increasing levels of intensity, based on student response to each intervention.

    • FBA is a comprehensive problem-solving process to develop an intervention.


Key features1
Key features

Before implementing individual interventions (e.g., FBA and BIP), there should be evidence that:

  • school,

  • classroom, and

  • small group interventions

    are effective with the majority of students

    - In HCPS, this is an area for ongoing emphasis.


Key features2
Key features

Interventions should be implemented:

  • for a reasonable period of time*

    • (as determined by the local problem-solving team on a case-by-case basis, dependent on the nature of the problem(s), the nature and intensity of interventions, frequency of progress monitoring, and ability to evaluate trends.)

  • and with a level of intensity

  • that matches the student’s needs.

    - In HCPS, this is an area for ongoing emphasis.


Key features3
Key features

For students requiring individual interventions,

  • a Functional Behavioral Assessment (FBA) should be conducted, and

  • individual interventions should be developed and implemented based on the FBA.

    - In HCPS, this is an area for ongoing emphasis.


Key features4
Key features

  • Data are used:

    • for ongoing student progress monitoring and data analysis

    • to evaluate intervention effectiveness and fidelity

    • and inform decisions about the focus and intensity of interventions.

  • Most students with behavioral or emotional challenges will respond to interventions developed, implemented, and evaluated in the above manner.

  • However, some students may need specially designed instruction and related services beyond general education resources and supports to sustain adequate progress in the learning environment.


Key features5
Key features

  • Appropriate data will contribute to more appropriate referrals for evaluation.

  • Prior to referring for an evaluation, there should be documentation that interventions have been implemented as designed.

  • RTI references in the E/BD rule:

    • “persistent” emotional/ behavioral responses

    • “not sufficiently responsive to evidence-based interventions”


Extraordinary circumstances
Extraordinary circumstances

  • Some students may have an acute onset of emotional/behavioral characteristics where the severity of the emotional/behavioral manifestations requires immediate ESE services.

  • An example could be a student coming from a residential hospital facility with a significant mental health diagnosis and a history of intensive support services in restrictive settings.

  • The need for such immediate ESE services should be infrequent and closely monitored.

    - Even under extraordinary circumstances, a FBA is still warranted so that a behavioral intervention can be developed and implemented.


Florida doe monitoring of district implementation of e bd rule
Florida DOE Monitoring of District Implementation of E/BD Rule

To monitor for rule compliance, staff will look for evidence that data were analyzed when making the eligibility decision.

Non-example: checklists with initiation and duration dates of interventions are not sufficient evidence.

Example: Sufficient evidence of intervention effectiveness includes:

  • clearly documented FBAs

  • graphs

  • summary descriptions of conferences

  • intervention team meetings, and

  • observations of the student


Components of ebd evaluation
Components of EBD Evaluation Rule

  • Functional Behavioral Assessment

    • The FBA should be initiated as part of general education interventions

      Team responsibilities:

    • Review the existing FBA

    • If needed, Revise the FBA

    • If it is incomplete or missing, Complete the FBA


Components of ebd evaluation1
Components of EBD Evaluation Rule

  • Functional Behavioral Assessment

    • Initiated as part of general education interventions

  • Psychological evaluation (including “a review of evidence-based interventions that have already been implemented, the student’s response to those interventions, and the criteria used to evaluate their success”)

  • Social-developmental history compiled from a structured interview

  • Educational evaluation

  • Medical evaluation when determined necessary by ESE Director or designee


Reasons for building fba bip teams3
Reasons for RuleBuilding FBA-BIP Teams

To learn and support systems (e.g., online discipline data) that identify students with emerging behavior challenges and provide timely interventions.

To assure that relevant laws and rules are understood by teachers, administrators, and other educational professionals.

To provide oversight and assistance in complying with relevant laws and rules.


How does our team get training tools and support

How Does Our Team Get Training, Tools, and Support? Rule

Bonnie Anzalone, Guidance Counselor


Training
Training Rule

  • Thanks to everybody who completed the 6-hour FDLRS “FBA and More” course

    • Special thanks to Shelley Cedola-Hayes and her FDLRS co-trainers!

    • Special thanks to the FACT members for arranging and providing Area-based training

  • Encourage others from your school to attend the “FBA and More” course

    • Training dates: to be announced pending the hiring of Shelley’s replacement (now Area 5 ESE DRT)

  • Plan Area-based “FBA and More” courses

  • New course sequence to be announced soon:

    Online & traditional classroom training to expand skills and knowledge beyond the “FBA and More” course.


Related professional development
Related Professional Development Rule

STAT (revised manual now available)

Training dates to be announced:

  • 3-Tier Problem Solving

  • Tier 1 Schoolwide Behavioral Interventions

  • Tier 2 Targeted Group and Classroom Behavioral Interventions

  • Data Collection

  • Data Graphing & Interpretation

  • Data-Based Decision-Making

  • Eligibility Decisions (based on RTI)


Web based tools
Web-based Tools Rule

  • Write this address in your notes:

  • http://interventioncentral.mysdhc.org/

    • Handouts for this presentation!

    • Structured interviews for FBA

    • Direct observation forms to support pattern analysis

    • Data forms and Measurement tools (electronic and mechanical tally counters, etc.)

    • Graph templates

    • Professional references to review and cite to increase the credibility of the written document

    • And more!


When and how to seek expert support
When and how to Ruleseek expert support

  • To learn, to enhance services, and to comply with ethical rules

  • Practical guidelines

  • Available supports:

    - ESE Area offices

    - Area Team supports (e.g., consultations at School Psychologist Area Team meetings)

    - Local expertise (refer to Area directories of certified district staff - BCBA, BCABA, CBA, and CABA)

    - Functional Assessment Consultant Team (FACT)

    Please refer to the directory on the website.


How does our team build a strong foundation and proceed with development

How Does Our Team RuleBuild a Strong Foundation and Proceed with Development?


Building a strong foundation
Building a Strong Foundation Rule

  • A FBA-BIP team cannot succeed if critical systems are not in place.

  • The following frames describe activities necessary to assure the success of your FBA-BIP Team.

  • As noted, the FBA-BIP Team must collaborate with other school teams to assure these critical systems are in place.


Tie fba bips to stat 3 tier problem solving and rti
Tie FBA-BIPs to STAT, Rule3 Tier Problem-solving and RTI

  • The next frame depicts the 3 Tier Model as a Pyramid.

  • Tier 1 includes universal, school-wide behavioral interventions.

  • Tier 1 behavioral interventions emphasize proactive environmental and teaching strategies, plus reinforcement-based methods.

  • The emphasis is NOT on disciplinary procedures.


Problem Identification Rule

Evaluate

Response to Intervention (RtI)

Problem Analysis

Implement Plan

Tier 1 – Universal,

schoolwide


Tier 1 behavioral interventions
Tier 1 Behavioral Interventions Rule

Collaborate with other school teams to assure:

  • All school staff are connected with all students

    • Everybody takes responsibility to ensure that each and every student succeeds.

  • Behavioral expectations are clearly defined and posted for all schoolwide and classroom settings

    • Students receive instruction, rehearsal, reviews, and reinforcers for improved performance and meeting expectations (i.e., following rules)

  • Discipline referrals are systematically used as universal screening tools for early identification of students who may need intensive interventions


Tier 2 behavioral interventions
Tier 2 Behavioral Interventions Rule

  • Universal (Tier 1) interventions will NOT be “universally” effective. (However, they should meet the needs of at least 75% of the students.)

  • Targeted-group (Tier 2) behavioral interventions are needed for some students.

  • Tier 2 behavioral interventions also emphasize proactive environmental and teaching strategies, plus reinforcement-based methods, delivered in smaller group settings.


Problem Identification Rule

Evaluate

Response to Intervention (RtI)

Problem Analysis

Implement Plan

Tier 2 – Targeted

group, classwide


Remember1
Remember… Rule

  • Frames with a red star in the upper right corner include details for later study.


Tier 2 behavioral interventions1
Tier 2 Behavioral Interventions Rule

Collaborate with other school teams to assure Tier 2 behavioral services are effectively implemented.

Questions for your team to address:

  • How, and how often, are students identified as needing Tier 2 services?

  • How are prior and current Tier 1 behavioral interventions documented? What aspects of the Tier 1 interventions were not sufficient? Why?

  • How are academic variables addressed regarding their potential impact on problem behaviors (e.g., academic frustration)?


Tier 2 behavioral interventions2
Tier 2 Behavioral Interventions Rule

  • How are the targeted group and classroom interventions selected to match the behavior of concern?

    • Are the procedures research-based best practice?

    • Is there sufficient focus on reinforcement-based procedures?

    • Are the procedures of sufficient intensity (frequency, duration)?

  • Are they defined and trained so that staff can implement them with fidelity?


Tier 2 behavioral interventions3
Tier 2 Behavioral Interventions Rule

  • How will the team know if the intervention is (not) working?

    How will student progress be measured?

  • How and when (e.g., how often) will the team decide when a student must receive modified or more intensive Tier 2 behavioral interventions?

  • How and when (e.g., how often) will the team decide when a student should be considered for Tier 3 behavioral interventions?


Tier 3 behavioral interventions
Tier 3 Behavioral Interventions Rule

  • Universal (Tier 1) and Targeted-group (Tier 2) behavioral interventions will NOT work with all students. (However, they should meet the needs of at least 75% of the students.)

  • Individualized (Tier 3) behavioral interventions are required for some students. In some cases, these services will need to be intensive.

  • FBA is a comprehensive problem-solving process for developing effective interventions.


Problem Identification Rule

Evaluate

Response to Intervention (RtI)

Problem Analysis

Implement Plan

Tier 3 – Intensive,

individualized


Tier 3 behavioral interventions1
Tier 3 Behavioral Interventions Rule

Collaborate with other school teams to assure Tier 3 behavioral services are effectively implemented:

  • How are prior and current Tier 1 and 2 behavioral interventions documented? What aspects of the Tier 1 and 2 interventions were not sufficient? Why?

  • How are academic variables addressed regarding their potential impact on problem behaviors (e.g., academic frustration)?


Tier 3 behavioral interventions2
Tier 3 Behavioral Interventions Rule

  • How are the individualized interventions selected to match the behavior of concern?

    • Are the procedures research-based best practice?

    • Is there sufficient focus on reinforcement-based procedures?

    • Are the procedures of sufficient intensity (frequency, duration)?

  • Are they defined and trained so that staff can implement them with fidelity?


Tier 3 behavioral interventions3
Tier 3 Behavioral Interventions Rule

  • How will the team know if the intervention is (not) working?

    How will student progress be measured?

  • How and when (e.g., how often) will the team decide when a student must receive modified or more intensive Tier 3 behavioral interventions?

  • How and when (e.g., how often) will the team decide when a student must receive behavioral interventions that require extensive resources, and/or evaluation for special education services?


Tie fba bips to stat 3 tier problem solving and rti1
Tie FBA-BIPs to STAT, Rule3 Tier Problem-solving and RTI

  • Universal (Tier 1) behavioral interventions will NOT be universally effective.

  • Targeted-group (Tier 2) behavioral interventions will NOT work with some students.

  • Individualized (Tier 3) behavioral interventions may be required for some students.

  • Planning and documentation is the key to successful interventions at any Tier level.

  • Interventions must be monitored.


Tier 3 services with a weak support base… Rule

Tier 3 – Intensive,

individualized



Tier 3 services (including FBA-BIP) require strong foundations at Tiers 1 & 2

Problem Identification

Evaluate

Response to Intervention (RtI)

Problem Analysis

Implement Plan

Tier 3 – Intensive,

individualized

Tier 2 – Targeted

group, classwide

Tier 1 – Universal,

schoolwide


What systems does your school have in place at each tier? foundations at Tiers 1 & 2

Problem Identification

Evaluate

Response to Intervention (RtI)

Problem Analysis

Implement Plan

Tier 3 – Intensive,

individualized

Tier 2 – Targeted

group, classwide

Tier 1 – Universal,

schoolwide


Comprehensive FBA foundations at Tiers 1 & 2

BIP (may include Behavior Contract)

1-to-1 Replacement behavior training

Services integrated with parents and community resources

Example of

3 Tier System at:

B.T. Washington School

Tier 3 – Intensive,

individualized

STAT problem-solving, weekly RTI monitoring

Small group training:Replacement behaviors,

Social Skills, Anger management, etc.

“Behavior Clinic”

Behavior Contracts & Goal Setting

Parent conferences

Tier 2 – Targeted

group, classwide

Schoolwide rules are posted, rehearsed,

reviewed, + reinforced

“Hornets Dozen” (Principals 200 Club)

Cafeteria traffic management, reports to teachers

Classroom schedules + routines are posted, rehearsed, reviewed, + reinforced

“Hornet Stamps” reinforcement system

Daily behavior reports to parents (via agenda)

Success Chains, Mystery Motivators, Good Behavior Game

Student problem-solving activities + forms

Tier 1 – Universal,

schoolwide


Existing or new team
Existing or New Team? foundations at Tiers 1 & 2

Do we really need a new team? We already have a group that does behavior…

STAT

IEP

Professional Learning Community

Child Study Team

RTI / Problem-Solving Team

FBA-Behavior Intervention Team

Behavior Leadership Team


Existing or new team1
Existing or New Team? foundations at Tiers 1 & 2

A new team may not be necessary.

For example, your STAT team may already provide excellent Tier 3 behavioral assessments and interventions.

Plan with other teams to assure related services are not duplicated or conflicting.


Existing or new team2
Existing or New Team? foundations at Tiers 1 & 2

In some cases, a new team could be beneficial.

Motivated staff with advanced training, experience, and time may be recruited for your school’s “FBA-BIP Team.” (Create a different name for your team, if you wish.)


Team members
Team Members? foundations at Tiers 1 & 2

Ideally, the core team will include:

  • “intervention-friendly” teachers and successful behavior managers

  • members with advanced training in behavioral assessment and intervention

  • highly regarded staff with excellent consulting skills.


Team members1
Team Members? foundations at Tiers 1 & 2

Personnel who regularly respond to behavioral concerns are key team members. These include, but are not limited to:

  • Guidance Counselor

  • Social Worker

  • School Psychologist

  • Behavior Specialists / Coach

  • ESE Specialist and Teachers

  • Administrator(s)


Team members2
Team Members? foundations at Tiers 1 & 2

On a case-by-case basis, invited members to the team will include:

  • Teachers who interact often with the student

  • Parent(s) and Caretaker(s)

  • Student (if practical)


Why is parent participation so important
Why Is Parent Participation foundations at Tiers 1 & 2So Important?

Parents know the most about the child’s behavior history.

Parents are the link that exists across all school settings over the years.

Parents may have strategies that support good behavior in the home. The same strategies may work at school.

It is far better to work with parents than against!

For severe behavior, interventions must occur across all environments including the home.

78


Criteria for an acceptable fba bip
Criteria for an foundations at Tiers 1 & 2acceptable FBA-BIP?

  • The “FBA-BIP Quick Check" form (available on the website) is recommended for:

    • Reviewing existing FBA-BIPs

    • Supporting revisions of existing FBA-BIPs

    • Supporting completion of new FBA-BIPS

  • Teachers, Administrators, or others may be resistant to feedback that an existing FBA-BIP is inadequate.

  • Rely on the team when giving related feedback and offering assistance.


Which students need fba bip
Which Students Need FBA-BIP? foundations at Tiers 1 & 2

FBA-BIP:

Should be viewed as a proactive school-wide practice

Should not be used exclusively as a reaction to extreme or chronic behavior problems

Should be conducted when school personnel are first concerned about the behaviors of the student (i.e., earliest disciplinary actions, before 10 days of suspension!)

80


Which students need fba bip1
Which Students Need FBA-BIP? foundations at Tiers 1 & 2

At least one staff member tracks and informs the team of:

  • Discipline referrals/incidents

  • Suspensions or removals

  • Changes of placement (more restrictive) that are being considered, or have occurred

  • Students receiving STAT Tier 3 services with unacceptable RTI

  • Students whose IEP behavioral/social objectives are not being met


Which students need fba bip2
Which Students Need FBA-BIP? foundations at Tiers 1 & 2

At least one staff member:

  • Checks student records for missing, aged, and inappropriate FBA-BIPs

  • Checks student records for FBAs with no evidence of BIP implementation

  • Start with students with EBD!


What if many students need fba bips
What If Many Students Need foundations at Tiers 1 & 2FBA-BIPs?

The team may:

  • Establish a “Triage system” for case prioritization based on:

    • behavior recency, history, probability of repeating

    • behavior severity, risks to self, others, animals, valuable property belonging to others, school, etc.

    • intervention restrictiveness


How do i support the team
How do I support the team? foundations at Tiers 1 & 2

  • Be an active participant at all team meetings!

  • Lead/co-lead the team, or actively support the leader

  • Be a “high-visibility” consultant on the team

  • Gather information for the team

  • Train other consultants on the team

  • Train the faculty on the 3-tiered model of behavioral assessment and interventions to increase “buy in”

  • Recognize and reinforce staff responsible for successful interventions

  • Reinforce efforts of other team members

  • Reinforce administrative support and attendance


Reasons for building fba bip teams4
Reasons for foundations at Tiers 1 & 2Building FBA-BIP Teams

  • Work together to reduce teacher and administrative resistance

  • Work together to convince Administrators that time is needed for team meetings, in-class observations, and related activities by team members.

  • Work together to get Administrators to attend FBA meetings

  • Work together to recruit excellent team members

  • Work together to “sell” the importance of problem solving (e.g., STAT & FBA) and RTI via inservices, book clubs-study groups, discussions, etc.


Fba bip overview team development and sample model

FBA/BIP Overview, foundations at Tiers 1 & 2Team Development, and Sample Model

Alexander C. Smith

School Social Worker/Behavior Analyst


. foundations at Tiers 1 & 2

All Aboard!

This presentation will equip you with a plan and a map for forming an FBA/BIP team at your school site. Since each school site has access to different resources and staff each site will have to ultimately devise a plan that meets the needs of the students they serve.


Why Work Together To Do FBAs and BIPs? foundations at Tiers 1 & 2


Gum chewing foundations at Tiers 1 & 2

Cutting in line

Not raising hand

Running

Writing in books

1950

Changes Facing Schools


Assault foundations at Tiers 1 & 2

Weapons

Drugs

ChangesFacing Schools

1990

  • Bullying /intimidation

  • Self-mutilation

As the problems in schools change and increase in severity, our interventions (FBA/BIP) need to reflect the intense level of need.


1.) Ken, Tracy, and Rhonda will yell at us if we don’t (just kidding).2.) It is required by local and federal law.3.) Help reduce teacher ‘stress’. When teachers leave the field after serving less than 3 years, they often cite problematic student behavior/class disruption as a main reason. (They also cite low pay but student support staff can’t help ‘em on that one.)4.) Improve student achievement by reducing problem behavior(s). 5.) By teaching and reinforcing the replacement behaviors (the good ones we want ‘em to show us!!) we are teaching social skills, along with the 3 R’s. Students with ‘good’ social skills and an education are more likely to find gainful employment. This means the little buggers will have jobs that pay well enough to keep social security going for when we all retire!!!!!

More reasons to Work Together To Do FBA/BIPs:


What does this mean for me and my school/team? and Rhonda will yell at us if we don’t (just kidding).

Is there PAPERWORK involved?!?

FBA

BIP


Surprise surprise yes i m afraid so
Surprise, Surprise……YES, I’m afraid so. and Rhonda will yell at us if we don’t (just kidding).

But it will not be so bad.

Besides the end result is worth it.

And did I mention it was the law and we gotta do it?


Steps involved
Steps involved and Rhonda will yell at us if we don’t (just kidding).

1.) Educate your school and help create or reinforce an existing culture that supports ‘positive’ behavior. One way to do this is help dispel certain myths or misunderstandings that other school staff may have about behavior in general.

2.) Support the teachers and other school staff. Offer to assist them with things that may be a bit out of their area of expertise. (Just imagine if one day the Board told us we have to teach an algebra and chemistry!!!)

3.) Identify the various strengths and expertise on your team. Use these to help assign the various roles.

4.) If needed, engage other consultants who can help.

5.) Ready to roll!!!


Dispel the myths at your site
Dispel the MYTHS at Your Site and Rhonda will yell at us if we don’t (just kidding).

  • Problem behavior is a matter of control.

  • Punishment changes behavior.

  • Consequences are negative.

  • A good Ol’ Fashioned Butt-whippin’ would fix him.

  • A student knows why he or she misbehaves.

  • We can use too much positive reinforcement.

  • We can ‘punish’ by giving too many ‘rewards’.

  • Positive reinforcement is like bribing a student.

  • He must be possessed by demons!!!

  • It is the parents’ fault.

  • Can you think of more that you have heard?

Uh, oh!


Team development
Team Development and Rhonda will yell at us if we don’t (just kidding).

Everyone holds

a piece to the puzzle!!

Adapting to various levels of

personnel resources

Identifying the skills of your

team members

Assigning roles


Suggested team roles and functions
Suggested Team Roles and Functions and Rhonda will yell at us if we don’t (just kidding).

The ‘Facilitator’

  • Receives referrals appropriate for

  • FBA/BIP team, confirms

  • that parent signed consent

  • for FBA/BIP, manages/organizes paperwork.

  • Schedules meetings, sends

  • notices/reminders about the

  • meeting(s), keeps meeting

  • minutes.

  • Checks/monitors progress and

  • due dates on Case Status Report.

  • Assures criteria met in the FBA/BIP

  • Quick Check form.

  • Orchestrates activities of the team.


The record reviewer
The “Record Reviewer” and Rhonda will yell at us if we don’t (just kidding).

Reviews CUM folder

Requests and reviews related records from parents, other schools and community partners (other helping agencies).

Prepares list of all previously recorded behavioral concerns.

  • Summarizes, tags and/or

  • copies both prior and current interventions (STAT, BIP, etc).

  • Summarizes supporting data (graphs, etc) as well as Response to Intervention (RtI)

  • Notes record location (where is the data kept), tags/copies information that will be useful for baseline measurement, pattern analysis, risk analysis, and reinforcer survey


The interviewer

  • Highlights information that may be useful in data gathering, pattern analysis or reinforcer survey.

  • NOTES PAST BEHAVIORAL INTERVENTIONS AND RESULTS.

  • Asks about other relevant info that may not have been included such as background, medical history and cultural.

  • Describes situations involving any of the following: high-risk behavior, injuries to self or others, property loss/damage, aversive/punitive procedures, physical restraint, seclusion, police activity, class removals, school/bus removal for more than 10 days, parent complaints, threatened or active litigation.

Reviews information gathered at record review.

Interviews teachers, paras, other support staff, PARENTS, and/or other knowledgeable informants.

At each interview, discusses the broad list of behavioral concerns and uses a behavioral interviewing tool (e.g., the Functional Analysis Assessment Tool - FAST).

“The Interviewer”


The pinpointer
“The Pinpointer” gathering, pattern analysis or reinforcer survey.

Describes behavioral examples and non-examples alike. (eg. Throwing a baseball at your teachers head is ‘aggression’, but throwing it at your coach’s glove is not, etc.).

Completes baseline measurement / estimation summarizing recent history of the highest priority behaviors, including the date of the last event, and the number of events in the last week/month. When possible makes a graph specifying the type of measure (e.g. frequency, duration, etc.) or an estimated level using referrals, incidents report and anecdotal reports as data.

Completes a risk analysis.

Describes any precursor behaviors and/or behavior chains.

  • Reviews info gathered during record reviews & interviews.

  • Reduces broad list of behavioral concerns to a set of approx. 1-5 of the highest priority concerns.

  • Operationally defines behaviors in observable and measurable terms.


The pattern analyst
“The Pattern Analyst” gathering, pattern analysis or reinforcer survey.

Reviews information gathered during the record review and interviews.

Coordinates/conducts Scatter Plot Analysis to identify activities/times of day closely associated with the behavior.

Coordinates and/or conducts multiple direct observations using an A-B-C checklist or A-B-C Anecdotal Form, etc. (see STAT manual).

Summarizes the most frequent or dominate conditions that come before the behavior and what comes after (antecedent conditions and consequences.)


The reinforcer surveyor
“The Reinforcer gathering, pattern analysis or reinforcer survey.Surveyor”

Makes individualized list of preferred items, events, or activities as identified by the team and student that may work as reinforcers in the intervention plan.

Good source for survey tool:

http://www.jimwrightonline.com/php/jackpot/jackpot.php


Scatterplots risk analyses precursor behaviors and behavior chains oh my
Scatterplots, Risk Analyses, gathering, pattern analysis or reinforcer survey.Precursor Behaviors, and Behavior Chains, Oh My!!!

Although teams can assign roles as they chose, it can be very helpful to have a behavior analyst (BCABA, BCBA, CBA) or someone with extensive behavioral training, provide training or consultation regarding the roles of the “PinPointer”, “Pattern Analyst” and “Reinforcer Surveyor.”


Middle school 3 meeting model for fba bip
Middle School gathering, pattern analysis or reinforcer survey.3 Meeting Model for FBA/BIP

Prepared by:

Alexander C. Smith

School Social Worker/Behavior Analyst


Before the 1 st meeting
Before the 1 gathering, pattern analysis or reinforcer survey.st Meeting

Before convening the FBA/BIP team for a referral, first meet as a unit to identify your team. Assign roles based on strengths and skills.

Team members should have completed the FDLRS 6-hour “FBA and More” Training or an equivalent course.

Before the first meeting, the facilitator monitors process the ensure that the Consult / Committee level STAT process has been followed, WITHOUT adequate response to intervention and the problem behavior continues to occur at moderate to high frequency.


1 st meeting
1 gathering, pattern analysis or reinforcer survey.st Meeting

Who should attend? Teacher(s), school psychologist, guidance counselor, social worker, and other linked informants.

What to accomplish? Review CUM file. Broadly define target behaviors. Set dates and times to directly observe the student, interview the teacher(s), parents and student (if appropriate). Decide who is doing what (write it down!!!) and what tools will be used. Start filling out FBA form.

Suggested/probable tools. ABC record, frequency counts, scatter plots, time by day records.

Set time to re-convene team and review accomplishment. (ideally, 2nd meeting occurs within 2 weeks.)

**Remember to adopt a 2 client construct approach. The teacher and school needs our assistance as much as the student.**

  • Estimated time. 15+ min.s

  • Desired Outcome(s). Teacher feels supported by team in dealing with students behavior. Teacher understands the FBA process. Behavioral targets defined. Observations, data gathering and interviews set.


2 nd meeting
2 gathering, pattern analysis or reinforcer survey.nd Meeting

Invite the same parties that attended first

meeting, especially the teacher(s) involved.

Review data collected. Facilitator to ensure appropriate data gathered, including baseline data and interviews.

Narrow list of behaviors to 1-5 of most urgent ones.

Team to create operational definition and give examples as well as non-examples.

Team to create hypothesis about target behavior(s).

Draft BIP, based on data and hypothesis.

Schedule follow up meeting.


3 rd meeting
3 gathering, pattern analysis or reinforcer survey.rd Meeting

BIP finished.

Introduce BIP and explain in detail who is do what and when.

Explain how Response to Intervention (RtI) will be measured and recorded.

Assign person and set time to observe intervention in action and record data.

Schedule FBA/BIP and RtI review meeting in near future. It is a good idea to make this an ongoing part of the STAT/CST meeting routine already in place at the school.

Note: Invite same people that attended

first two meetings but for this one, include

administration (AP). It is always a good idea to have the AP attend each meeting, but it is imperative that they attend this one.


Follow up meeting s
Follow up Meeting(s) gathering, pattern analysis or reinforcer survey.

Use intervention data to determine RtI.

If problem behavior persists at same or greater rate, revamp FBA/BIP and tweak accordingly. (It may be a good idea to consult with a behavior analyst at this point.)

If fidelity to the model was the ‘barrier’, determine where things went wrong and make a plan to remedy that provides support and perhaps even modeling to staff in need.

Be sure to check and double

check the FBA/BIP Quick Check

to make sure all steps completed.


Remember2
Remember… gathering, pattern analysis or reinforcer survey.

  • Frames with a red star in the upper right corner include details for later study.


Adapted 9 step fba bip model

Adapted 9-step gathering, pattern analysis or reinforcer survey.FBA-BIP Model

Thanks to Dr. Bradley Beam

and Yates Elementary School


Adapted 6 step fba bip model

Adapted 6-step gathering, pattern analysis or reinforcer survey.FBA-BIP Model

Thanks to Dr. Rance L. Harbor

andLeto High School


* Psych/Leto Form gathering, pattern analysis or reinforcer survey.

+ ESE/Leto form


Tracking fba intervention status
Tracking FBA / Intervention Status gathering, pattern analysis or reinforcer survey.

Student name:__________________________________________

Date of first request for support: _____ Date of first contact: _____

Date of this report: ____

Priority target behaviors:

FBA status:

Intervention status:

Progress status / RTI Analysis:

Important Issues To Address:

Action Plan:

The complete form (on the next frame) is on the website.


  • FBA-BIP / Problem-Solving Team - Intervention Status Report gathering, pattern analysis or reinforcer survey.

  • CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION

  • Student name:__________________________________________

  • Date of first request for support: ________ Date of first contact: _________ Date of this report: _________

  • Priority target behaviors:

  • Case Status and Progress summary:

  • FBA status: [ ] parent consent obtained, [ ] parent engaged in process ____________________

  • Team members assigned [ ] done, [ ] ongoing, [ ] pending: _____________________________

  • Record review [ ] done, [ ] ongoing, [ ] pending: _____________________________

  • Interviews [ ] done, [ ] ongoing, [ ] pending: _____________________________

  • Direct observations [ ] done, [ ] ongoing, [ ] pending: _____________________________

  • Behaviors pinpointed [ ] done, [ ] ongoing, [ ] pending: _____________________________

  • Pattern analysis [ ] done, [ ] ongoing, [ ] pending: _____________________________

  • Reinforcers identified [ ] done, [ ] ongoing, [ ] pending: _____________________________

  • Team meeting [ ] done, [ ] ongoing, [ ] pending: _____________________________

  • Extra support decision [ ] done, [ ] ongoing, [ ] pending: _____________________________

  • FBA written, team agrees [ ] done, [ ] ongoing, [ ] pending: _____________________________

  • Intervention status:

  • Measures & goals selected [ ] done, [ ] ongoing, [ ] pending: _____________________________

  • Procedures selected [ ] done, [ ] ongoing, [ ] pending: _____________________________

  • Procedures probed [ ] done, [ ] ongoing, [ ] pending: _____________________________

  • Plan written, team agrees [ ] done, [ ] ongoing, [ ] pending: _____________________________

  • Staff training [ ] done, [ ] ongoing, [ ] pending: _____________________________

  • Treatment integrity checks [ ] done, [ ] ongoing, [ ] pending: _____________________________

  • Plan integration [ ] done, [ ] ongoing, [ ] pending: _____________________________

  • Progress status / RTI Analysis: [ ] see attached graph(s)

  • [ ] Goal met [ ] RTI acceptable, (improving trend/mean shift)

  • [ ] Goal not met [ ] Data too variable or limited data to determine RTI

    • [ ] RTI not acceptable, (no change or worsening trend/mean shift)

  • [ ] Interview/Consult with:___________________ [ ] Team meeting: _____________________

  • [ ] Directly observe: ____________________________ (Re)train: _________________

  • [ ] Revise or supplement FBA: ___________________ [ ] Refer for extra support

  • [ ] Continue, [ ] Modify/intensify, [ ] Fade, [ ] Stop intervention

  • [ ] Program for Maintenance & Generalization

  • [ ] Other: ______________________________________________________________________

  • Important Issues To Address:

  • Action Plan:


  • Team meeting efficiency assessment
    Team Meeting Efficiency Assessment gathering, pattern analysis or reinforcer survey.

    The complete form

    is on the website.


    Sample Items On gathering, pattern analysis or reinforcer survey.

    Team Efficiency Assessment:

    • Our meeting times are announced and everyone arrives on time.

    • An agenda with timelines is provided and followed.

    • The goals for our meeting are announced and realistic. Our meetings are about the right duration to accomplish the goals.

    • Our team leader keeps us focused on one topic at a time.

    • Interruptions are minimized.

    • Off-task discussions are avoided.


    Summary of steps involved in the fba bip process
    Summary of Steps gathering, pattern analysis or reinforcer survey.Involved in the FBA/BIP Process

    1.) Problem identification.

    2.) Pinpointing/goal setting.

    3.) Information gathering (see role description.)

    4.) Information analysis (problem analysis).

    5.) Intervention design.

    6.) Intervention implementation and explanation of who will do what, when and how often.

    7.) Intervention evaluation.

    8.) Intervention revising (if needed).


    Items that may be in your tool box
    Items That May Be In Your “Tool Box” gathering, pattern analysis or reinforcer survey.

    ABC Behavior records

    Discipline referral screen

    Attendance screens.

    6 week progress reports.

    Teacher feedback sheets

    ESE planning notes.

    Parent/student intake forms.

    Behavior rating scales.

    Time by Day recordings.

    Summary of structured interviews (FAST, MAS etc.)

    Scatterplots/graphs.

    Measures of frequency and duration when appropriate.

    CUM file review, medical info, cultural info.

    Remember life is easier if you chose the right tool for the job.


    Note about partnership
    Note About Partnership gathering, pattern analysis or reinforcer survey.

    Remember to involve key stake holders during the process, especially parents!!!!!!


    Note about partnership1
    Note About Partnership gathering, pattern analysis or reinforcer survey.

    Remember to involve key stake holders during the process, especially parents!!!!!!

    • We are all ‘in the same boat’ and have the same (or very similar) end goal in mind…..better outcomes for the student and less “stress” & disruption for the teacher(s) and school.

    • Don’t be afraid to include/invite SRO’s, behavior intervention staff/hall monitors, specials teachers, and community partners such as therapists.


    The wrap up

    The Wrap-Up !!! gathering, pattern analysis or reinforcer survey.


    Follow up activity to start or enhance team development
    Follow-up activity to start or enhance team development gathering, pattern analysis or reinforcer survey.

    All site-based Guidance Counselors, Social Workers, and School Psychologists meet with other key personnel (including Administrator), and prepare your school's

    • FBA-BIP Team Action Plan

      A blank template is on the website.


    Fba bip team action plan template
    FBA-BIP Team Action Plan gathering, pattern analysis or reinforcer survey.(template)

    1. Today’s Date:

    2. Team Members:

    3. Our team’s areas of strength, short-term & long-term concerns/needs are:

    4. Our next goals are (based on #3):

    5. Our team’s action plan is: (based on #4):

    6. Team Signatures (the whole team created and commits to the plan):


    Follow up activity to start or enhance team development1
    Follow-up activity to start or enhance team development gathering, pattern analysis or reinforcer survey.

    All site-based Guidance Counselors, Social Workers, and School Psychologists meet with other key personnel (including Administrator), and prepare your school's

    • FBA-BIP Team Action Plan

    • 3 tier system (pyramid model).

      A blank template is on the website.


    Comprehensive FBA gathering, pattern analysis or reinforcer survey.

    BIP (may include Behavior Contract)

    1-to-1 Replacement behavior training

    Services integrated with parents and community resources

    Example of

    3 Tier System at:

    B.T. Washington School

    Tier 3 – Intensive,

    individualized

    STAT problem-solving, weekly RTI monitoring

    Small group training:Replacement behaviors,

    Social Skills, Anger management, etc.

    “Behavior Clinic”

    Behavior Contracts & Goal Setting

    Parent conferences

    Tier 2 – Targeted

    group, classwide

    Schoolwide rules are posted, rehearsed,

    reviewed, + reinforced

    “Hornets Dozen” (Principals 200 Club)

    Cafeteria traffic management, reports to teachers

    Classroom schedules + routines are posted, rehearsed, reviewed, + reinforced

    “Hornet Stamps” reinforcement system

    Daily behavior reports to parents (via agenda)

    Success Chains, Mystery Motivators, Good Behavior Game

    Student problem-solving activities + forms

    Tier 1 – Universal,

    schoolwide


    Follow up activity to start or enhance team development2
    Follow-up activity to start or enhance team development gathering, pattern analysis or reinforcer survey.

    All site-based Guidance Counselors, Social Workers, and School Psychologists meet with other key personnel (including Administrator), and prepare your school's

    • FBA-BIP Team Action Plan

    • 3 tier system (pyramid model), and

    • Specific FBA-BIP Team Roles and Timelines (like the previous examples from Burnett, Yates, and Leto)


    Follow up activity to start or enhance team development3
    Follow-up activity to start or enhance team development gathering, pattern analysis or reinforcer survey.

    All site-based Guidance Counselors, Social Workers, and School Psychologists meet with other key personnel (including Administrator), and prepare your school's

    • FBA-BIP Team Action Plan

    • 3 tier system (pyramid model), and

    • Specific FBA-BIP Team Roles, and

      Please submit these written descriptions to your Supervisor by September 3.


    Panel discussion

    Panel Discussion gathering, pattern analysis or reinforcer survey.

    We want everybody’s questions, feedback, and suggestions.

    If we did not get to them during the presentation, please write and submit them at the presentation end, or email them to: [email protected] or [email protected]


    The end

    The End !!! gathering, pattern analysis or reinforcer survey.

    Thanks for your participation !!!


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