Effects different insulating materials have on heat transfer through exterior house walls
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Effects different insulating materials have on heat transfer through exterior house walls. Tim Doot and Sabin Gautam. Wall Detail. Thermal Resistance of wall components. Gypsum Sheathing - (13 mm) - 0.079 K·m 2 /W Gypsum Wallboard - (50 mm) - 0.085 K·m 2 /W

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Effects different insulating materials have on heat transfer through exterior house walls

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Effects different insulating materials have on heat transfer through exterior house walls

Effects different insulating materials have on heat transfer through exterior house walls

Tim Doot and Sabin Gautam


Wall detail

Wall Detail


Thermal resistance of wall components

Thermal Resistance of wall components

  • Gypsum Sheathing - (13 mm) - 0.079 K·m2/W

  • Gypsum Wallboard - (50 mm) - 0.085 K·m2/W

  • Brick Veneer - (100 mm) - 0.66 K·m2/W

    Insulation materials

  • Fiberglass/cellulose insulation - (90 mm)- 11.2 K·m2/W

  • Mineral Wool insulation - (90 mm) - 10.85 K·m2/W

  • Sprayed foam insulation - (90 mm) - 15.75 -> 22.75 K·m2/W


Total heat transfer equation

Total heat transfer Equation

  • Q = -A·(ΔT/Rtot)

  • Toutside = -7°C

  • Tinside = 20°C

  • Thermal Resistance (R) = L/K·A

  • Rtot = Rbrick + Rsheathing +Rinsulation +Rwallboard

  • Rtot = 0.66 K·m2/W + 0.079 K·m2/W + Rinsulation + 0.085 K·m2/W

  • Rinsulation (Fiberglass)= 12.024 K·m2/W

  • Rinsulation (Mineral Wool)=11.674 K·m2/W

  • Rinsulation (Sprayed Foam)=16.574 -> 23.574 K·m2/W


Heat transfer for different insulations

Heat transfer for different insulations

  • Fiberglass/Cellulose

    • Q = 27 K/12.024 K·m2/W

    • Q = 2.25 W/m2

  • Mineral Wool

    • Q = 27 K/11.674 K·m2/W

    • Q = 2.31 W/m2

  • Sprayed Foam

    • Q = 27 K/(16.574 K·m2/W) –> 27/(23.574 K·m2/W)

    • Q = 1.63 -> 1.15 W/m2


Conclusions

Conclusions

  • The calculations show that the sprayed foam insulation can be up to twice as effective as the fiberglass insulation in reducing heat transfer through an exterior house wall

  • It would be worth it to spend the extra 30% in costs to install the sprayed foam insulation and save on energy costs than to install the fiberglass insulation for a reduced initial cost


References

References

  • http://www.gobrick.com/BIA/technotes/t28_files/image001.jpg

  • http://www.american-sprayfoam.com/residental

  • http://www.fao.org/docrep/006/y5013e/y5013e08.htm


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