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WELCOME. RATIONAL NUMBERS. RATIONAL NUMBERS. The numbers of the form p/q (q=0) is called a RATIONAL NUMBER. Examples: 5/7 6/8 -6/9 etc. PROPERTIES OF RATIONAL NUMBERS. CLOSURE PROPERTY RATIONAL NO. ARE CLOSED UNDER ADDITION , SUBTRACTION & MULTIPLICATION.

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Presentation Transcript
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RATIONAL

NUMBERS

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RATIONAL NUMBERS.

The numbers of the form p/q (q=0) is called a RATIONAL NUMBER.

Examples: 5/7 6/8 -6/9 etc.

  • PROPERTIES OF RATIONAL NUMBERS.
  • CLOSURE PROPERTY
  • RATIONAL NO. ARE CLOSED UNDER ADDITION , SUBTRACTION & MULTIPLICATION.
  • THEY ARE NOT CLOSED UNDER DIVISION.
  • CUMMUTATIVE PROPERTY
  • RATIONAL NUMBERS ARE COMMUTATIVE UNDER ADDITION AND MULTIPLICATION.
  • THEY ARE NOT COMMUTATIVE UNDER SUBTRACTION & DIVISION.
  • ASSOCIATIVE PROPERTY
  • RATIONAL NUMBERS ARE ASSOCIATIVE WITH ADDITION & MULTIPLICATION.
  • THEY ARE NOT ASSOCIATIVE UNDER SUBTRACTION & DIVISION
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THE ROLE OF ZERO

ZERO IS CALLED THE IDENTITY FOR THE ADDITION OF RATIONAL NUMBERS.

IT IS THE ADDITIVE IDENTITY FOR INTEGERS AND FOR WHOLE NUMBERS AS WELL.

EXAMPLE: -5/7+0= - 5/7

THE ROLE OF ONE

ONE IS THE MULTIPLICATIVE IDENTITY FOR RATIONAL NUMBERS.

EXAMPLE : -3/5 X 1 = - 3/5

ADDITIVE INVERSE

-a/b is the additive inverse of a/b & a/b is the additive inverse of - a/b . a/b + (- a/b ) = 0

Reciprocal

Reciprocal of a/b is 1/a/b =b/a

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A ( b + c )= a x b + a x c

A ( b - c )= a x b - a x c

Distributivity of multiplication over addition and subtraction .

FOR ALL RATIONAL NUMBERS A,B & C :

Representation of rational no. s on the number line.

Represent 1/5 & 3/5 on the number line.

Represent -5/6 & -2/6 on the number line.

-6/6 -5/6 -4/6 -3/6 -2/6 -1/6 0

0 1/5 2/5 3/5 4/5 5/5 6/5

some points to remember

Some points to remember

Zero has no reciprocal .

The numbers 1 & -1 are there own reciprocal.

The product of two rational numbers is always a rational number.

The reciprocal of a positive rational number is always positive.

The rational number 0 is the additive identity for rational numbers.

The rational number 1 is the multiplicative identity for rational numbers .

Between two rational numbers there are countless rational numbers. The idea of mean helps us to find rational numbers between two rational numbers.

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