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PURPOSES OF THE ARTS. WHY do humans express themselves using the Arts? . PURPOSES of MUSIC. Ceremonial Music created or performed for rituals or celebrations Indonesian Gamelan Music Used to summon the gods Religious and patriotic music U.S. Armed Forces Medley

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purposes of the arts


WHY do humans express themselves using the Arts?

purposes of music
  • Ceremonial
    • Music created or performed for rituals or celebrations
    • Indonesian Gamelan Music
      • Used to summon the gods
    • Religious and patriotic music
    • U.S. Armed Forces Medley
      • Used during Veteran’s/Memorial Day Ceremonies
      • Armed Forces Graduation Ceremonies
purposes of music1
  • Recreational
    • Music for entertainment
      • Rodrigo y Gabriela
    • Game songs
    • Dance music/social events
    • Music played while exercising
    • Hobby (such as playing an instrument for fun)
purposes of music2
  • Artistic Expression
    • Music created with the intent to express or communicate one’s emotions, feelings, ideas, or experience
    • Music performed for an audience
    • More formal than recreational music
      • Vivaldi – The Four Seasons (Spring, 1st Movement)
elements of music
Elements of Music
  • Rhythm
    • The placement of sounds in time
    • Sometimes called “Beat”
  • Tempo
    • Speed of the music
    • Musical speed can change throughout a piece
elements of music1
Elements of Music
  • Melody
    • A grouping of musical notes that creates a single phrase
    • The most important sounding line in a piece of music
  • Harmony
    • More than one note sounding at the same time
elements of music2
Elements of Music
  • Form
    • Overall plan or structure
      • Call-and-Response
        • “Shout”
      • Round
        • “Row, Row, Row Your Boat”
      • Verse-and-Chorus
        • Most modern songs
    • Genres (types) of music tend to follow a pre-set form
elements of music3
Elements of Music
  • Timbre
    • Unique quality to sounds
    • Different instruments create different sounds while playing the same note
    • Types of instruments are classified into groups
      • Strings, Woodwinds, Brass, Percussion
elements of music4
Elements of Music
  • Dynamics
    • The loudness of the sounds
    • Markings are based on Italian words
      • Forte (f) = Loud
      • Piano (p) = Soft
    • Moving from soft sounds to louder sounds is called Crescendo
    • Moving from loud to soft sounds is called Decrescendo
elements of music5
Elements of Music
  • The Grand Staff
    • Two Staves joined by a brace
    • Shows Treble and Bass Clef
    • Clefs indicate Pitch
    • Each Line and Space on thestaff indicate aspecific note Treble Clef
    • Notes are namedusing the letters Bass ClefA through G
elements of music6
Elements of Music
  • Treble Clef Notes
    • Lines
      • E, G, B, D, F
    • Spaces
      • F, A, C, E
  • Ways to Remember
    • Every Good Boy Does Fine
    • FACE
  • Bass Clef Notes
    • Lines
      • G, B, D, F, A
    • Spaces
      • A, C, E, G
  • Ways to Remember
    • Good Boys Do Fine Always
    • All Cows Eat Grass
elements of music7
Elements of Music
  • Sharps, Flats, and Naturals
    • Sharp
      • Slightly raises the pitch of the note
    • Flat
      • Slightly lowers the pitch of the note
    • Natural
      • The pitch that comes naturally to the note
elements of music8
Elements of Music
  • Chords
    • Groups of notes (usually in groups of three) that are built on a “root” note
    • C MajorChord
elements of music9
Elements of Music
  • Whole, Half, Quarter, Eighth Notes
    • Whole notes are notes that are held out for four (4) beats
    • Half Notes are held out for two (2) beats
    • Quarter Notes are held for one (1) beat
    • Eighth Notes are held for a half (1/2) beat
purposes of dance
  • Ceremonial
    • Dances created or performed for rituals or celebrations
    • Dances of Native Americans and West Africans to celebrate life events
    • Harvest, rain, war
    • Religious ritual worship
    • Eagle Dance
purposes of dance1
  • Recreational
    • Dancing for recreation (for fun!)
    • Dancing to support recreational activities
    • Ballroom, line dancing, aerobic dance, square dancing
      • Youth Ballroom Dancing
    • Dance as a hobby
purposes of dance2
  • Artistic Expression
    • Dance created with the intent to express or communicate emotion, feelings, ideas, or information
    • Dances created and performed in a concert or theatrical setting for an audience
    • Ballet, tap, narrative
      • Lyrical Dance
elements of dance
Elements of Dance
  • Two Types of Movement
    • Locomotor – the body moves from one place to another
      • Walking, Sliding, Hopping, Running
    • Axial (Non-locomotor) – the body does not move from one place to another; movement is centered on an axis of the body
      • Bending, Stretching, Twisting, Turning
elements of dance1
Elements of Dance
  • Space
    • The area around the dancer
    • Where the dancer moves
    • Where the dancer directs the eye of the audience
      • Direction of Motion
      • Size of Motion
      • Shape of Motion
elements of dance2
Elements of Dance
  • Time
    • The use of beat, rhythmic patterns and the duration of movement
  • Force
    • Energy
    • Movement that is heavy or light, sharp or smooth, has tension or relaxation
    • Uses the weight of the body to demonstrate the effects of gravity
purposes of drama theatre
  • Sharing the human experience
    • To express or communicate emotion, feelings, ideas, and information through dramatic works
    • Social change, universal themes
    • Interpret and recreate information, ideas, and emotions
    • Human Experience Example
purposes of drama theatre1
  • Passing on tradition and culture
    • To express or communicate feelings, ideas, information
    • Narrative, storytelling, folktales, religious ritual and ceremony
    • Often passed down through generations by rote, or by mouth
      • Henry V Speech
purposes of drama theatre2
  • Recreational
    • Drama as recreation and for recreational events
    • For entertainment, diversion, or festivals
    • Street Theatre
  • Artistic Expression
    • Drama created with the intent to express or communicate emotion, feelings, ideas, or information
    • Works performed in a theatrical setting for an audience
elements of drama
Elements of Drama
  • Literary Elements
    • Plot
      • Exposition, Conflict, Rising Action, Climax, Falling Action, Conclusion
    • Character
      • Protagonist, Antagonist
    • Suspense
    • Theme
      • Underlying Meaning or Idea
    • Language
    • Style
    • Monologue
    • Dialogue
    • Stage Directions
elements of drama1
Elements of Drama
  • Technical Elements
    • Scenery
      • Suggests a location
    • Sound
      • Music, Sound Effects
    • Lights
      • Creates a mood, Changes audience perception
    • Make-up
      • Creates or enhances character
    • Costumes
      • Creates the overall “feel” of a character
    • Props
      • Items used by the actors
elements of drama2
Elements of Drama
  • Performance Elements
    • Acting
      • The use of Verbal and Nonverbal skills to communicate character
    • Communication
      • Delivers the writer’s words and meaning to the audience
    • Acting Example
purposes of visual arts
  • Ceremonial
    • Artworks created to support

worship ceremonies, rituals,

or celebrations

  • Artistic Expression
    • Artwork to express or communicate emotion, ideas, feelings
    • Self expression, to decorate or beautify objects
purposes of visual arts1
  • Narrative
    • Artworks that tell stories, describe and illustrate experiences, or communicate information
    • Art to document important or historical events
    • Dorothea Lange’s photography of the Great Depression era
purposes of visual arts2
  • Functional
    • Artistic objects used in everyday life
    • Pottery, quilts, baskets, etc.
    • Crafts
purposes of visual arts3
  • Persuasive
    • Artworks that promote ideas, philosophies, or products
    • Advertising, marketing, propaganda, ideology, etc.
seven elements of v a
Seven Elements of V.A.
  • Color
    • Various hues(types) represent emotional qualities
    • Influences the character of the artwork
  • Line
    • Directs the eye where to look
    • Indicates order
seven elements of v a1
Seven Elements of V.A.
  • Shape
    • Any two-dimensional image or element used in the artwork
  • Form
    • A three-dimensional object
    • Creates the illusion of depth on flat surfaces
seven elements of v a2
Seven Elements of V.A.
  • Value
    • Relates to the lightness or darkness of color in an artwork
    • Used to define the form of objects that are created in the artwork
seven elements of v a3
Seven Elements of V.A.
  • Texture
    • The feel or touch of a surface
  • Space
    • The perception of depth
    • Brings perspective to the artwork