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动词 -ing 形式作状语,可以表示时间、原因、方式、伴随、条件、结果等。如: PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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动词 -ing 形式作状语,可以表示时间、原因、方式、伴随、条件、结果等。如: 1. While reading the book, he nodded from time to time. ( 时间 ) 2. Being ill, he didn’t go to school yesterday. ( 原因 ) 3. He came running back to tell us the news. ( 方式 )

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动词 -ing 形式作状语,可以表示时间、原因、方式、伴随、条件、结果等。如:

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  • 动词-ing形式作状语,可以表示时间、原因、方式、伴随、条件、结果等。如:

  • 1. While reading the book, he nodded from time to time. (时间)

  • 2. Being ill, he didn’t go to school yesterday. (原因)

  • 3. He came running back to tell us the news. (方式)

  • 4. She sat at the desk reading a newspaper. (伴随)

  • 5. Working hard, you will succeed. (条件)

  • 6. The child fell, striking his head against the door and cutting it.(结果)


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  • 注意:①动词-ing形式作状语,其逻辑主语应与句子的主语一致。

  •      ②动词-ing形式前可有while, when, unless, though, if等连词。


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  • 2. Having been attacked by terrorists, ______. (上海2004)

  • A. doctors came to their rescue

  • B. the tall building collapsed

  • C. an emergency measure was taken

  • D. warnings were given to tourists


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  • 1. “We can’t go out in this weather,” said Bob, ______ out of the window.

  • (NMET 2004 II)

  • A. looking

  • B. to look

  • C. looked

  • D. having looked


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  • 3. Suddenly, a tall man driving a golden carriage ______ the girl and took her away, ______ into the woods. (上海2004春)

  • A. seizing; disappeared

  • B. seized; disappeared

  • C. seizing; disappearing

  • D. seized; disappearing


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  • 4._________________the composition, John handed it to the teacher and went out of the room

  • A. WritingB. Having written

  • C. WrittenD. Being written


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  • 5. ______ such heavy pollution already, it may now be too late to clean up the river.

  • (NMET 2001)

  • A. Having suffered B. Suffering

  • C. To suffer D. Suffered


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  • 6. Finding her car stolen, ______.(上海2001)

  • A. a policeman was asked to help

  • B. the area was searched thoroughly

  • C. it was looked for everywhere

  • D. she hurried to a policeman for help


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  • 7. ______ from heart trouble for years, Professor White has to take some medicine with him wherever he goes.(上海2001春)

  • A. Suffered

  • B. Suffering

  • C. Having suffered

  • D. Being suffered


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  • 8. He sent me an e-mail, ______ to get further information. (上海2000)

  • A. hoped

  • B. hoping

  • C. to hope

  • D. hope


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  • 9. While building a tunnel through the mountain, ______. (上海2000春)

  • A. an underground lake was discovered

  • B. there was an underground lake discovered

  • C. a lake was discovered underground

  • D. the workers discovered an underground lake


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  • 10. European football is played in 80 countries, ______ it the most popular sport in the world. (NMET 1998)

  • A. making

  • B. makes

  • C. made

  • D. to make


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Choose the best answers.

1. ____the house on fire, he dialed 119.A. To see B. Seeing C. Having seen D. Being seen

2. I fell down and broke two of my teeth. I wonder how many times I have to come here and get my false teeth____. A. fix B. fixing C. fixed D. to fix


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3. We’re ___ to listen to her ___ voice. It’s ___ to hear her sing. A. pleased; pleasing; pleasure B. pleased; pleasant; a pleasure C. pleasing; pleased; a pleasure D. pleasing; pleasant; pleasure


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4. ____a post office, I stopped ___ some stamps. A. Passed, buying B. Passing, to buy C. Having passed, buy D. Pass, to buy


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5. ___ with the size of the whole earth, the highest mountain does not seem high at all.A. Comparing B. To compare C. ComparedD. Having compared


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6.Here are some new computer programs____for home buildings. A.designing  B.designC.designed   D.to design

7._____a little money, Jimmy was able to buy his mother a lovely new lamp A.To save B.SavingC.Saved  D.Having saved


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8.The teacher came into the classroom _____by his students.     A. following B. to be followingC. followed D. having followed

9.With the money_____, he couldn’t buy any ticket.A. to lose B. losingC. lost   D. has lost


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10.There was so much noise in the room that the speaker couldn't make himself____.              A. being heard B. hearingC. heard    D. hear

11.The result of the test was rather___.  A. disappointed  B. disappointingC. being disappointed D. disappoint


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