Kristi walker medina middle school fourth grade
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Kristi Walker Medina Middle School Fourth Grade. Native Americans of the Pacific Northwest: . The Tlingit. Vocabulary:. Tlingit Potlatch Totem Pole Clan.

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Kristi walker medina middle school fourth grade

Kristi Walker

Medina Middle School

Fourth Grade

Native Americans of the Pacific Northwest:

The Tlingit


Vocabulary

Vocabulary:

  • Tlingit

  • Potlatch

  • Totem Pole

  • Clan


Native americans of the pacific northwest

The Tlingit (KLIHN kiht) are a Native American tribe who lived along the Northwest coast in a region called the Pacific Northwest.

Tlingit


Geography

Geography

  • The northwest coast has a wet climate with mild winters and cool summers.

  • Bordered by the Pacific Ocean on the west and forestand rivers to the east.

  • The ocean and forests were rich in natural resources.

  • Because food was plentiful, the Tlingit often traded their excess with neighboring tribes in return for other goods.


Potlatches

Potlatches

  • Ceremonial clothing was worn to potlatches:

  • A Potlatch is a special feast at which the guest receive gifts instead of the host.

  • Carved Masks

  • Potlatch Hats

  • Dancing Dresses

  • Chilkat Robes


Potlatches1

Potlatches

  • Potlatches were held to mark an important event such as honoring a new chief or to celebrate a wedding.

  • Special gifts were made or collected for every guest.

  • A guest’s importance determined what type of gift they were given. Important guest might have been given a canoe or fur robe.

  • Some potlatch celebrations lasted for many days.

Tlingits at a potlatch in Sitka, Alaska on December 9, 1904


Native americans of the pacific northwest

Food

  • Salmon was the most important food to the Tlingit.

  • In early spring, millions of salmon swim from the salty water of the Pacific Ocean to the freshwater rivers to lay their eggs.

  • The Tlingit called this event the salmon run.

  • A family could catch over 1,000 pounds of salmon during the salmon run.

  • Large portions of the fish was dried or smoked so it could be kept for future meals.


Shelter

Shelter

  • Built large plank houses from the vast forest in the area.

  • Often planks were cut from trees without chopping the tree down.

  • Several families would live together in one house during the winter.

  • Houses were decorated with bright, colorful pictures and designs that represented the family’s crest.


Totem poles

Totem Poles

  • Huge wooden totem poles stood in front of each home.

  • A totem pole is a pole carved and/or painted with symbols that represent a family’s history.

  • Totem poles were often raised at potlatches.

  • Most were 40-60 feet tall but some were as tall as 100 feet.


Totem poles1

Totem Poles


Family life

Family Life

  • The families that lived together in the same house were part of the same clan.

  • A clan is a group of families with a common ancestor.

  • Clans were established through the mother’s side of the family.

  • Boys were sent to live with his mother’s brother when he was 8 years old to learn how to hunt and other responsibilities.

  • Girls learned house traditions from their mothers and grandmothers.

  • Both boys and girls learned about the Tlingit and their clan’s history & customs from their elders.


Technology

Technology

  • Tlingit did not have to spend much time “surviving” because there was an abundance of food and other resources where they lived.

  • This enabled them to spend time specializing in technology, or designing tools, ideas, or other ways to solve problems.

  • Examples of Tlingit technology are the dams they built, traps for catching salmon, and making canoes.

Tlingit Fish Trap


Video

Video

This is a modern day Tlingit family performing a dance similar to that of their ancestors. Notice they are wearing traditional Tlingit clothing.


Focus questions extended writing

Focus Questions& Extended Writing

  • What role did salmon fishing play in the life of the Tlingit?

  • How did the Tlingit use the natural resources in their environment?

  • What was the purpose of a potlatch?

  • Suppose your class gave a potlatch. Write about your reasons for holding it an the activities you plan.


Activity

Activity

  • Make a potlatch mask.


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