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DECENTRALIZATION and ORGANIZATION of PUBLIC TRANSPORT in FRANCE. Thierry GOUIN Lyon, September 22 nd , 2010. Auteur ou Service. SUMPA-MED Delegation. 2 décembre 2002. « Sustainable Mobility » Department. Patricia VARNAISON-REVOLLE. Transport Policies and Services

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DECENTRALIZATION and ORGANIZATION

of PUBLIC TRANSPORT in FRANCE

Thierry GOUIN

Lyon, September 22nd, 2010

Auteur ou Service

SUMPA-MED Delegation

2 décembre 2002


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« Sustainable Mobility » Department

Patricia VARNAISON-REVOLLE

  • Transport Policies and Services

    • Transport Policies Articulation of transport planning and urban planning

    • New mobility services

    • Transportation systems

  • Mobility Analysis and Prospective

    • Observation and knowledge of mobility

    • Evaluation of mobility policies

    • Prospective

    • Pedagogy - Education for sustainable mobility

Tristan GUILLOUX

Thomas VIDAL


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Institutional Organization

Planning

Financing

Operation

Organization of Public Transport in France

  • Decentralization

  • Transport and Land use

  • Investment and Operation

  • Delegated management


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4 institutional levels

LOTI (1982)

Sharing of competences

Global Coherence ?

1. Institutional Organization


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4 institutional levels

France

1 State

Rhône Alpes

22 « Régions »

Rhône

100 « Départements »

Greater Lyon

20 000 Groups of Municipalities

LYON

36 000 Municipalities


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Legislative Framework

  • 1993 : Loi Sapin

  • 2004 : PPP

  • 2006 : Code des Marchés Publics

  • 2007 : Règlement OSP

  • 1982 : Loi d’orientation des transports intérieurs (LOTI)

  • 1996 : Loi sur l'air et l'utilisation rationnelle de l'énergie (LAURE)

  • 2000 : Loi relative à la solidarité et au renouvellement urbain (SRU)

  • 2004 : Lois de décentralisation 2ème acte

  • 2005 : Loi pour l’égalité des droits et des chances

  • 2009 : Lois du Grenelle ?


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Sharing of Competencies

State : Main Railway Lines

Île de France Exception


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Sharing of Competencies

Régions : Regional Trains

Rhône-Alpes


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Sharing of Competencies

Départements : Local Coaches

Rhône


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Sharing of Competencies

(Groups of) Municipalities : Urban Networks

Grand Lyon


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Sharing of Competencies

BOURGOGNE

1 municipality

1 OA

Ain

TGV

1 river

2 ‘’départements’’

Mâcon

St Laurent

2 ‘’régions’’

SIVUM

1 regional train (TER)

Saône

et Loire

1 national train (TGV)

TER

RHÔNE ALPES

Saône

Intermodality ?


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Urban Mobility Plans

Public Transport and Other Means

Transport and Land Use

2. Planning


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Transport and Land Use

Transportation(all means)

Land use

Public Transport

Parking managementRoadway developmentPolice …

On a large scale

PT organizing authority

UrbanDevelopmentPlans

Urban Mobility Plan (PDU)

Locally



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Resources

2 %

national

35 %

local

44 %

19 %

Traffic Revenues

Transport Tax

Municipalities

State Subsidies

Source : L’année 2007 des transports urbains (GART) / Les transports urbains hors Île-de-France


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90% of networks > delegated management

EU Regulation > Regulated Comptetition

Net Cost Contracts

3 Main Operators :

Veolia

Transdev

Keolis

RATP

Île de France Exception (SNCF / RATP)

4. Operation

Merge on progress


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Delegated Management

Delegated Management

Evolution 1997 - 2006

Direct Management

Source : enquête CERTU – GART – UTP – DTT


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[email protected]

(33) 4 72 74 58 23

www.certu.fr


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