Fall protection for construction
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Fall Protection for Construction. Fall hazards in the work area. Leading edge work Overhand bricklaying Holes, openings Ramps, runways. 2a. Standard applicability. OSHA requires employers to: identify, evaluate fall hazards provide fall protection train employees

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Fall protection for construction

Fall Protection for Construction


Fall hazards in the work area

Fall hazards in the work area

  • Leading edge work

  • Overhand bricklaying

  • Holes, openings

  • Ramps, runways

2a


Standard applicability

Standard applicability

  • OSHA requires employers to:

    • identify, evaluate fall hazards

    • provide fall protection

    • train employees

  • Fall protection in other OSHA rules

    • scaffolding

    • ladders and stairways

    • steel erection

3a


Fall protection measures

Fall protection measures

  • Surfaces must support employees

  • Provide protection:

    • at 6 feet and above

    • any fall into dangerous equipment

    • any falling objects

4a


Fall protection for construction

Fall protection measures

  • Guardrail systems

  • Safety net systems

  • Personal fall arrest systems (PFAS)

  • Positioning device systems

4b


Fall protection for construction

Fall protection measures

  • Warning line systems

  • Controlled access zones

  • Safety monitoring systems

  • Covers

4c


Terms

Terms

  • Body belt

  • Body harness

  • Controlled access zone (CAZ)

  • Guardrail system

  • Personal fall arrest system (PFAS)

  • Positioning device system

  • Safety-monitoring system

  • Warning line system

5a


Guardrail systems

Guardrail systems

  • Top rails 39 inches to 45 inches

  • Meet design/strength requirements

6a


Safety net systems

Safety net systems

  • Installed within 30 feet of working surface

  • Inspect:

    • at least once a week

    • after any incident

7a


Personal fall arrest systems

Personal fall arrest systems

  • Body belts are not part of a PFAS

  • Components meet design, strength requirements

8a


Fall protection for construction

Personal fall arrest systems

  • If using vertical lifelines, one employee per vertical lifeline

  • PFAS anchorages for PFAS only

8b


Fall protection for construction

Personal fall arrest systems

  • When stopping a fall:

    • limit force on employee to 1,800 pounds

    • no free fall over 6 feet

    • maximum deceleration distance of 3.5 feet

8c


Positioning device systems

Positioning device systems

  • No free fall over 2 feet

  • Components meet design, strength requirements

9a


Fall protection systems

Fall protection systems

  • Fall protection is needed:

    • unprotected sides and edges

    • hoist areas

    • holes

    • wall openings

    • formwork andreinforcing steel

10a


Fall protection for construction

Fall protection systems

  • Fall protection is needed:

    • ramps, runways, walkways

    • excavations greater than 6-feet deep

    • dangerous equipment

    • overhand bricklaying

10b


Fall protection for construction

Fall protection systems

  • Fall protection is needed:

    • roofing work

    • leading edge work

    • precast concrete erection

    • residential construction

10c


Unprotected sides and edges

Unprotected sides and edges

  • Fall protection options:

    • guardrail systems

    • safety net systems

    • PFAS

11a


Protecting hoist areas

Protecting hoist areas

  • Fall protection options:

    • guardrail systems

    • PFAS

12a


Protection for holes

Protection for holes

  • Covers must:

    • support specified weights

    • be secured in place

    • be color coded or marked with a warning

13a


Protecting wall openings

Protecting wall openings

  • Fall protection options:

    • guardrail systems

    • safety net systems

    • PFAS

14a


Formwork and reinforcing steel

Formwork and reinforcing steel

  • Fall protection options:

    • PFAS

    • safety net system

    • positioning device system

  • Not required while movingon rebar assemblies

15a


Ramps runways and walkways

Ramps, runways, and walkways

  • Must have guardrails when employees could fall 6 feet or more

16a


Excavations

Excavations

  • Protect excavations 6 feet or more in depth and not readily seen by:

    • guardrail systems

    • fences

    • barricades

17a


Falls into dangerous equipment

Falls into dangerous equipment

  • Protect workers from falling into/onto dangerous equipment at any height

18a


Overhand bricklaying

Overhand bricklaying

  • Fall protection options:

    • guardrail systems

    • PFAS

    • safety net systems

    • controlled access zones

19a


Overhand bricklaying1

Overhand bricklaying

  • Only masonry and mortar can be stored within 4 feet of the working edge

  • Regularly remove debris

19b


Roofing on low slope roofs

Roofing on low-slope roofs

  • Fall protection options:

    • guardrail systems

    • safety net systems

    • PFAS

20a


Roofing on low slope roofs options

Roofing on low-slope roofs - options

  • A combination of warning line and:

    • guardrail systems

    • safety net systems

    • PFAS

    • safety monitoring systems

20b


Roofing on low slope roofs options1

Roofing on low-slope roofs - options

  • On roofs 50 feet or less in width, can use a safety monitoring system alone

  • When a safety monitoring system is used:

    • competent person as safety monitor

    • safety monitor has no other duties

    • mechanical equipment is not used

20c


Roofing on low slope roofs options2

Roofing on low-slope roofs - options

  • When a safety monitoring system is used:

    • authorized employees only follow safety monitor warnings

20d


Roofing on low slope roofs options3

Roofing on low-slope roofs - options

  • When warning line systems are used:

    • erected around all sides

    • at least 6 feet from roof edge

    • warning lines form access path

    • warning lines meet design/strength requirements

20e


Roofing on low slope roofs options4

Roofing on low-slope roofs - options

  • Falling object protection:

    • materials, equipment stored more than 6 feet from roof edge unless there are guardrails

    • materials stored near a roof edge must be stable

20f


Roofing on steep roofs

Roofing on steep roofs

  • Fall protection options:

    • guardrail systems with toeboards

    • PFAS

    • safety net systems

21a


Leading edge work

Leading edge work

  • Leading edge work 6 feet and above:

    • guardrail systems

    • safety net systems

    • PFAS

  • Must use a fall protection plan if these can’t be used

  • Controlled access zone

22a


Leading edge work1

Leading edge work

  • Control lines:

    • 6 to 25 feet from the edge

    • along the entire length of the edge

    • connected to a guardrail or wall

    • flagged, marked at least every 6 feet

    • meet design/strength requirements

22b


Precast concrete erection

Precast concrete erection

  • Erecting precast concrete members 6 feet above a lower level:

    • guardrail systems

    • safety net systems

    • PFAS

  • Must use a fall protection plan if these can’t be used

  • Controlled access zone

23a


Fall protection for construction

Precast concrete erection

  • Control line:

    • 6 to 60 feet from the edge, or

    • half the length of the member being erected, whichever is less, from the leading edge

    • along the entire length of the edge

    • connect to a guardrail, wall

    • meet design/strength requirements

    • flagged, marked at least every 6 feet

23b


Residential construction

Residential construction

  • Fall protection options:

    • guardrail systems

    • safety net systems

    • PFAS

  • Use a fall protection plan if these are infeasible

24a


Fall protection plans

Fall protection plans

  • Can only use a fall protection plan with:

    • leading edge work

    • precast concrete erection work

    • residential construction work

25a


Other walking working surfaces

Other walking/working surfaces

  • Fall protection options:

    • guardrail system

    • safety net system

    • PFAS

26a


Protection from falling objects

Protection from falling objects

  • Wear hard hats

  • Employers must also do one of the following:

    • erect toeboards, screens, guardrails

    • erect a canopy; keep objects far from the edge

    • barricade the area; keep workers out

27a


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