The Effect of Experimental Presentation of Thin Media Images on Body Satisfaction: A Meta-Analytic Review Groesz, Levine, & Murnen, 2002. Critique by Tovah Yanover November 7, 2005. Research Domain.
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Body dissatisfaction is a risk factor for eating disorders as well as one of their cardinal features.
It has become so prevalent among females that it has been referred to by some as “normative.”
One contributor is the internalization of an unattainable thin ideal.
The visual media, have taken much of the blame for establishing and promulgating this ideal.
In their meta-analysis, Groesz, Levine, and Murnen examine the effect of presenting thin media images on body dissatisfaction. The primary question of interest in this meta-analysis is whether the presentation of thin media images will have an effect on the body dissatisfaction of females.
Searched PsycINFO, Medline, and First Search with keywords media, body image, body dissatisfaction, contrast effect, and thin ideal
For published and unpublished studies?
Eating Disorders, The Journal of Treatment and Prevention, International Journal of Eating Disorders, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, and Sex Roles from 1991 to 1999
Book chapters, article and dissertation? reference sections
Hypotheses on Body Satisfaction: A Meta-Analytic Review
An overall significant effect such that viewing slender models would increase body dissatisfaction in females.
Females with a history of eating disorders or high body dissatisfaction would be more susceptible to the negative effects of viewing slender models.
Females younger than 19 would be more susceptible to the negative effects of viewing slender models than females over then 19.
A larger dose of exposure to the images will have greater negative effects than a smaller dose.
Measures on Body Satisfaction: A Meta-Analytic Review
4 types: body satisfaction, weight satisfaction, physical attractiveness, and body size estimation
Unitary dependent variable?
Subjective and objective measurement combined
Examined as a moderator but should have done separate analyses
Based conclusions on overall test
Moderators on Body Satisfaction: A Meta-Analytic Review
Only gave hypotheses for 3
Participant age, history of dissatisfaction or ED, dose of exposure
Also looked at type of design (between vs. within), type of outcome measure, type of control stimuli