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BLR’s Human Resources Training Presentations in Pennsylvania. Substance Abuse in the Workplace. Goals. Understand that substance abuse is a major problem in the workplace Recognize the signs of substance abuse

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Blr s human resources training presentations in pennsylvania
BLR’s Human Resources Training Presentations in Pennsylvania

Substance Abuse in the Workplace


Goals
Goals Pennsylvania

  • Understand that substance abuse is a major problem in the workplace

  • Recognize the signs of substance abuse

  • Know how to deal with the problem effectively to assist employees in getting the help they need, while protecting the interest of other workers and the organization

  • Understand Pennsylvania’s requirements regarding substance abuse


The scope of the problem
The Scope of the Problem Pennsylvania

  • Substance abuse is one ofthe most serious problems facing employers

  • 10 percent of workers have a problem

  • Most substance abusers are employed

  • Anyone can be a substance abuser


The cost of substance abuse
The Cost of Substance Abuse Pennsylvania

  • Substance abuse costs over $50 billion annually

  • Substance abusers are less productive, lose more time from work, and have more accidents

  • 40 percent of industrial fatalities are linked to substance abuse

  • 47 percent of all occupational accidents can be attributed to substance abuse

  • Substance abuse also leads to theft and crime in the workplace


Drug free workplace act
Drug-Free Workplace Act Pennsylvania

  • Written policy

  • Awareness program

  • Reporting requirements

  • Disciplinary action

  • Rehabilitation


Drug free workplace act of 1988
Drug-Free Workplace PennsylvaniaAct of 1988

Requires:

  • Notification to employees about policy

  • Establishment of drug-free awareness program

  • Copy to all employees

  • Penalties imposed


You play a key role
You Play a Key Role Pennsylvania

  • Promote awareness of the problem

  • Communicate company policy about substance abuse in the workplace

  • Monitor employee performance

  • Refer abusers to professionals for assistance

  • Administer appropriate discipline


Confidentiality
Confidentiality Pennsylvania

  • Employee privacy requirements

  • People in the information loop

  • Beneficial effects of confidentiality


Documentation
Documentation Pennsylvania

  • Documenting performance

  • Recording on-the-job incidents

  • Recognizing patterns of behavior

  • Increasing the possibility of early intervention

  • Keeping a record of supporting actions and recommendations


Detecting substance abuse
Detecting Substance Abuse Pennsylvania

  • Abuse may not be obvious

  • Abusers try to hide their problem

  • Co-workers may be reluctant to speak up

  • Family and friends may be involved in secrecy and denial

  • Performance monitoring is the key to detection


Alcohol abuse
Alcohol Abuse Pennsylvania

  • Why people abuse alcohol

  • Profile of an alcoholic

  • Alcoholic progression


Early warning signs of alcohol problems
Early Warning Signs Pennsylvaniaof Alcohol Problems

  • Inexplicable fall-off of work efficiency

  • Frequent tardiness

  • Excessive use of sick days

  • Sudden decisions to use vacation time

  • Involvement in accidents, near misses, and errors


Other early warning signs of alcohol problems
Other Early Warning Signs Pennsylvaniaof Alcohol Problems

  • Fatigue

  • Weight loss

  • Facial changes

  • Mental slowdown

  • Heavy use of breath sweeteners


Impairment in social functioning
Impairment in PennsylvaniaSocial Functioning

  • Low tolerance for frustration

  • Impulsiveness

  • “Know it all” attitude

  • Anxiety

  • Oversensitivity


Impairment in social functioning cont
Impairment in PennsylvaniaSocial Functioning (cont.)

  • Isolation

  • Defiance

  • Mood swings

  • Rationalization

  • Dependency


Drug abuse
Drug Abuse Pennsylvania

  • Profile of a drug abuser

  • Forms of drug abuse

  • Safety concerns

  • Quality and productivity concerns


Early warning signs of drug abuse
Early Warning Signs Pennsylvaniaof Drug Abuse

  • Otherwise inexplicable changes in performance

  • Excessive tardiness and absenteeism

  • Increased number of accidents or near misses

  • Changes in appearance

  • Attitudinal extremes


Early warning signs of drug abuse cont
Early Warning Signs Pennsylvaniaof Drug Abuse (cont.)

  • Mood swings

  • False confidence

  • Mental slowdown

  • Secrecy


Common drugs in the workplace
Common Drugs Pennsylvaniain the Workplace

  • Marijuana

  • Cocaine

  • Heroin

  • Amphetamines (aka “speed” or “uppers”)

  • Prescription drugs


Be prepared to act if you suspect substance abuse
Be Prepared to Act if You Suspect Substance Abuse Pennsylvania

  • Never ignore a problem

  • Talk to the employee privately

  • Give the employee an opportunity to respond

  • Alert the employee to programs within and outside the organization that can help

  • Emphasize that employee must meet established standards

  • Monitor employee’s performance and behavior


How to handle a substance abuse crisis
How to Handle a PennsylvaniaSubstance Abuse Crisis

  • Signs of a crisis

  • Call in your manager or another supervisor

  • Quietly remove the employee

  • Recommend a medical evaluation

  • If the employee refuses medical evaluation

  • Document the incident


Substance abuse checklist
Substance Abuse Checklist Pennsylvania

1. Are you familiar with the company’s policies regarding the use, possession, or sale of drugs or alcohol on the premises? YES NO

2. Are you familiar with the terms and require-ments of the Drug-Free Workplace Act? Does it apply to your company? Have youfulfilled your responsibilities in the mandated drug-free awareness program? YES NO

3. Do you remind your employees about company policy on a regular basis (at least once a month)? YES NO


Substance abuse checklist cont
Substance Abuse Checklist Pennsylvania(cont.)

4. Do you distribute and post information about substance abuse as requested by HR? YES NO

5. Do you know how and to whom to refer employees with substance abuse problems? YES NO

6.Do you know what to do in an alcohol- or drug-related emergency? YES NO

7. Are you familiar with the symptoms of alcohol abuse? YES NO


Substance abuse checklist cont1
Substance Abuse Checklist Pennsylvania(cont.)

8. Are you familiar with the symptoms of drug abuse? YES NO

9. Are you aware of the people in your depart-ment who are taking prescription drugs that might affect their performance? YES NO

10. Do you document incidents that might be alcohol- or drug-related, including date, time, and witnesses? YES NO


Substance abuse checklist cont2
Substance Abuse Checklist Pennsylvania(cont.)

11. Do you have those involved in these incidents attest to your reports? YES NO

12. Do you maintain confidentiality in your handling of suspected substance abuse problems (except as required by the reporting requirements of the law and company policy)? YES NO


Pennsylvania employment law
Pennsylvania PennsylvaniaEmployment Law

  • Pennsylvania Human Relations Act

  • ADA

  • Workers’ Compensation


Drug testing
Drug Testing Pennsylvania

  • No comprehensive drug-testing law

  • Random testing

  • Drug-testing criteria

  • Testing procedures


Small business administration grants
Small Business Administration Grants Pennsylvania

  • Drug-free workplace demonstration program

  • Assistance for small businesses in Pennsylvania

  • Qualifications of consultants

  • Program requirements


Goals1
Goals Pennsylvania

  • Understand that substance abuse is a major problem in the workplace

  • Recognize the signs of substance abuse

  • Know how to deal with the problem effectively to assist employees in getting the help they need, while protecting the interest of other workers and the organization

  • Understand Pennsylvania’s requirements regarding substance abuse


Summary
Summary Pennsylvania

  • Substance abuse in the workplace is a growing problem that threatens the safety, security, and prosperity of our company and our employees

  • Employees with substance abuse problems are likely to become safety and/or performance risks

  • Pennsylvania has legal and policy requirements regarding substance abuse


Summary cont
Summary Pennsylvania(cont.)

  • You play an important role in detecting the signs of substance abuse, documenting problem behavior, and helping employees get the professional assistance they need

  • You can never afford to ignore a suspected substance abuse problem

  • The sooner you take appropriate action, the sooner the employee can get the help he or she needs and the safer and more productive the rest of your employees will be


Quiz Pennsylvania

1. Two of the most common signs of substance abuse are frequent ________ and _______.

2. Most substance abusers are unemployed. True or False

3. As many as ____ percent of American workers have a substance abuse problem.


Quiz cont
Quiz Pennsylvania(cont.)

4. Your role in managing workplace substance abuse includes: ___________, ___________, _____________, _____________, and _____________.

5. Employee privacy laws require you to keep information about an employee’s substance abuse confidential, except for talking to your manager and the health care professionals involved in treating the employee. True or False


Quiz cont1
Quiz Pennsylvania(cont.)

6. Detecting substance abuse is often difficult because _______________.

7. When you suspect a substance abuse problem based on performance or one of the other warning signs, you should take swift action, including: _____________, _____________, ____________, _____________, and _____________.


Quiz cont2
Quiz Pennsylvania(cont.)

8. In a crisis situation where an employee appears to be under the influence and may be endangering himself/herself and other employees, you should contact your manager immediately and quietly remove the employee from the work area. True or False

9. List three warning signs of substance abuse that might apply to either employees with an alcohol problem or employees with a drug problem. ____________ , ____________, ____________


Quiz cont3
Quiz Pennsylvania(cont.)

10. Substance abusers frequently blame others for their mistakes. True or False


Quiz answers
Quiz Answers Pennsylvania

1. Two of the most common signs of substance abuse are frequent tardiness and absenteeism.

2. False. Most substance abusers are employed.

3. As many as 10 percent of American workers reportedly have a substance abuse problem—and this figure is probably on the low side.


Quiz answers cont
Quiz Answers Pennsylvania(cont.)

4. Your role in managing workplace substance abuse includes promoting awareness of the problem, communicating company policy concerning substance abuse, monitoring employee performance, referring abusers to professionals for assistance, and administering discipline when necessary.

5. True. Confidentiality is absolutely required.


Quiz answers cont1
Quiz Answers Pennsylvania(cont.)

6. Detecting substance abuse is often difficult because most abusers try to hide their problem.

7. When you suspect a substance abuse problem, you should talk to the employee privately, give the employee an opportunity to respond, alert the employee to programs within and outside the organization that can help, emphasize that the employee must meet established standards, and monitor the employee’s performance and behavior carefully.


Quiz answers cont2
Quiz Answers Pennsylvania(cont.)

8. True. You should get your manager or another supervisor to observe the employee, and if you both agree that the employee is under the influence and poses a danger, remove the employee quietly but immediately from the work area.


Quiz answers cont3
Quiz Answers Pennsylvania(cont.)

9. Substance abusers often exhibit (1) weight loss; (2) facial changes, such as poor skin tone and unhealthy color; and (3) mental slowdown in which normally sharp individuals have difficulty grasping simple facts, responding intelligently, and communicating clearly.

10. True. Substance abusers tend to rationalize their problems by blaming others for their mistakes and misfortunes.


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