Loweswater: a case study on the importance of ‘local’ scale for ecosystem management Lisa Norton, Claire Waterton, Judith Tsouvalis, Stephen Maberly, Linda May, Alex Elliott, Nigel Watson, Ken Bell, John Rockliffe, Leslie Webb, and the Loweswater Care Project. Co-sponsored by Defra and SEERAD.
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Loweswater: a case study on the importance of ‘local’ scale for ecosystem management Lisa Norton, Claire Waterton, Judith Tsouvalis, Stephen Maberly, Linda May, Alex Elliott, Nigel Watson, Ken Bell, John Rockliffe, Leslie Webb, and the Loweswater Care Project.
Co-sponsored by Defra and SEERAD
Introduction to the Rural Economy and Land Use programme
Introduction to study site
Loweswater is a small catchment ~ 8km in the Lake District National Park
Landscape – cultural, recreation
aesthetics, inspirations, heritage etc
Fresh water – qualityand quantity
Soil – nutrient cycling, climate regulation, air quality, biodiversity
Understanding and acting within Loweswater – Community catchment management
A small dispersed rural community of ~100 residents, predominantly over 50 years old including 8 farmers and a high proportion of ‘incomers’ choosing to live in a beautiful landscape.
An experiment in rural catchment management
The Loweswater Care Project (LCP) is a grassroots organisation made up of local residents, businesses, farmers, ecologists, sociologists, agronomists, environmental agencies and other interested parties. We work collectively to identify and address catchment-level problems in an inclusive and open manner. The LCP’s vision is to gain a better understanding of the diverse challenges faced by the Loweswater catchment and together to seek economically, socially and ecologically viable ways forward and put them into practice.
Ecological research at the catchment scale
Biodiversity on land
Nutrients on land
Nutrients lost to water
Biodiversity in water
Lake District National Park Authority
Loweswater catchment model
Collect farm data
Collect rainfall & flow data
Create farm management scenario data
Create farm nutrient budget (PLANET)
Calibrate rainfall/runoff model (GWLF)
Generate daily runoff values
Calculate farm nutrient excess
Adjust for soil P deficit
Calculate nutrient runoff concentrations
(= nutrient excess/flow)
Add P losses from septic tank (as point or diffuse)
Generate daily nutrient inputs to lake (GWLF)
Predict lake response (PROTECH)
P-loads predicted by the different scenarios
Chlorophyll production vs SRP load for the scenarios
What the modelling shows
Data limitations, even at this scale
Advantages of working at a local scale with local governance
Other aspects of ecosystem management