Estar to be
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ESTAR = TO BE. 2.3 Vistas Las páginas 53-56. Review of the verb “ estar ” in the present tense. Yo estoy Nosotros estamos Tú estás Vosotros estáis Ud . está Uds . están É l está Ellos están Ella está Ellas están

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ESTAR = TO BE

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Estar to be

ESTAR = TO BE

2.3 Vistas

Las páginas 53-56


Review of the verb estar in the present tense

Review of the verb “estar” in the present tense

  • YoestoyNosotrosestamos

  • TúestásVosotrosestáis

  • Ud. estáUds. están

  • ÉlestáEllosestán

  • Ella estáEllasestán

    Remember that “It” does not exist as a subject pronoun, so when referring to a thing, the form “está” is used.


Well being

Well -being

  • The verb “estar” is used to ask about and to state well-being and health.

    • ¿Cómoestás?

    • Estoybien.

    • No estoybien.

    • ¿Cómoestá Juan?

    • Juan estáenfermo.


Estar for location

Estar for location

  • When we want to ask or tell location we use the verb “estar” (to be).

  • The verb “estar” is used to tell the location of:

    • Person(s)

    • Place(s)

    • Thing(s)


Asking the location of person s place s and thing s

Asking the location of person(s), place(s), and thing(s)

  • To ask location, we use the interrogative word ¿Dónde? (Where?)

  • The question is formed as follows:

    ¿Dónde+ (the present tense of estar)+ (the person, place, or thing)?

    OJO: The present tense of “estar” agrees with the person,

    place, or thing, which is the subject of the sentence.


Estar to be

English

Español

Persona(s):

¿Dóndeestástú?

¿ Dóndeestáel estudiante?

Lugar(es):

¿Dóndeestán los países?

¿ Dóndeestá la biblioteca ?

Cosa(s):

¿ Dóndeestánlos bolígrafos?

¿Dóndeestáun lápiz?

  • Person(s):

  • Where are you?

  • Where is the student?

  • Place(s):

  • Where are the countries?

  • Where is the library?

  • Thing(s):

  • Where are the pens?

  • Where is a pencil?


Telling the location of person s place s and thing s

Telling the location of person(s), place(s), and thing(s)

  • To tell the location we state the following:

  • Person(s) + estarin the present + location.

  • Place(s) +estarin the present + location.

  • Thing(s) + estarin the present + location.

    Note: Subject + verb+ rest.


Adverbs that describe the location

Adverbs that describe the location

  • Some simple words to describe location are:

    • aquí (here)

    • ahí (there)

    • allí ( way over there, farther away)


Estar to be

English

Español

Persona(s):

Estoyaquí.

El estudianteestáahí.

Lugar(es):

Los paísesestánallí.

La bibliotecaestáahí.

Cosa(s):

Los bolígrafosestánaquí.

El lápizestáahí.

  • Person(s):

  • I am here.

  • The student is there.

  • Place(s):

  • The countries are way over there.

  • The library is there.

  • Thing(s):

  • The pens are here.

  • The pencil is there.


Using prepositions of place to describe location

Using prepositions of place to describe location

  • In addition to adverbs, prepositions of place can be used to describe location after the verb “estar.”

  • Common prepositions of place can be found on page 54 of the Vistas text.


Estar to be

  • al lado de

  • a la derecha de

  • a la izquierda de

  • en

  • cerca de

  • con

  • debajo de

  • delante de

  • detrás de

  • encima de

  • entre

  • lejos de

  • sin

  • sobre

  • next to; beside

  • to the right of

  • to the left of

  • in; on

  • near

  • with

  • below

  • in front of

  • behind

  • on top of

  • between; among

  • far from

  • without

  • on; over


Estar to be

English

Español

Persona(s):

Estoy al lado de Juan.

El estudianteestádetrás del profesor.

Lugar(es):

Españaestálejos de Costa Rica.

La bibliotecaestáen la escuela.

Cosa(s):

Los bolígrafosestánencima del pupitre.

El lápizestáentre el libro y el cuaderno.

  • Person(s):

  • I am next to Juan.

  • The student is behind the teacher.

  • Place(s):

  • Spain is far from Costa Rica.

  • The library is in the school.

  • Thing(s):

  • The pens are on top of the desk.

  • The pencil is between the book and the notebook.


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