“Writing does not so much contribute to thinking
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“Writing does not so much contribute to thinking as provide an occasion for thinking.” Bizzell. What is Process Writing?. Creative act Requires time Continuous feedback is necessary . Advantages .

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“Writing does not so much contribute to thinking as provide an occasion for thinking.”

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Writing does not so much contribute to thinking as provide an occasion for thinking

“Writing does not so much contribute to thinking

as provide an occasion for thinking.”

Bizzell


What is process writing

What is Process Writing?

  • Creative act

  • Requires time

  • Continuous feedback is necessary


Advantages

Advantages

  • Teacher becomes reader as opposed to marker

  • Attention paid to WHAT is written instead of language errors

  • Research shows that feedback between drafts is more useful than a composition that is returned with corrections on it

  • Stages not linear – overlapping parts of a recursive process


Stages of process writing

Stages of Process Writing

  • Prewriting – Think

  • Drafting – Write

  • Revising – Make it Better

  • Proofreading / Editing – Make it Correct

  • Final Copy

    Sunday, November 27 – Teacher introduces task in class


Prewriting

Prewriting

  • Decide on a topic

  • Consider audience

  • Brainstorm ideas freely

    No attention to spelling, punctuation, or mechanics

  • Research


Drafting 3 drafts and final copy

Drafting3 drafts and final copy

First Draft:

  • Write into sentences and paragraphs

  • Use your own words – no plagiarism allowed

  • “Rough Draft”, “Sloppy Copy”

  • Word Count


First draft

First Draft

Tuesday, November 29 – Students submit first draft

  • Score sheets – 2 points

    1 point – turned in on time

    1 point – word count

    Saturday, December 3 – Teacher gives feedback on content

    Student uses feedback to improve writing


Second draft revising content

Second DraftRevising Content

  • Read what you have written aloud to see if it reads smoothly

  • Rearrange parts of it

  • Take out or add parts

  • Replace overused or unclear words and phrases


Revising content a r r r

Revising ContentA.R.R.R.

  • Adding – What else does the reader need to know?

  • Rearranging – Is the information in the most logical and effective order? (Intro/main body/conclusion)

    R. Removing – What unnecessary bits of information are in this piece of writing?

  • What words or phrases could be replaced by clearer or stronger expressions?


Second draft

Second Draft

Monday, December 5 -- Students submit second draft

Score sheets – 2 points

  • 1 point = on time

  • 1 point = corrections / improvements


Peer editing

Peer Editing

  • Wednesday, December 7 – in class

  • Use second draft

  • Choose a classmate to proofread writing

  • First reading -- Proofreader reads the piece completely for content.

  • Second reading – read for mechanics, use checklist, write comments on it (not on actual writing)

  • Critical to process – When proofreader asks for clarification


Proofreading editing

Proofreading / Editing

  • Does the piece read smoothly? Is it logical?

  • Is there an introduction and conclusion?

  • Check the word count

  • Sentences complete and correct?

  • Spelling

  • Capitalization

  • Punctuation

  • Words used correctly?


Third draft

Third Draft

Sunday, December 11 – Students submit third draft

Score sheets – 2 points

  • 1 point = on time

  • 1 point = corrections / improvements

    Tuesday, December 13 – Teacher gives feedback on all aspects of writing


Final copy

Final Copy

Saturday, December 17 –

Students submit final copy

Marked with Writing Rubric that is

used for Mid-term and Final Exam


Final copy1

Final Copy

Tuesday, December 20

  • Teacher shows marks to students

  • Teacher submits marks to Registrar


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