“Writing does not so much contribute to thinking
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“Writing does not so much contribute to thinking as provide an occasion for thinking.” Bizzell. What is Process Writing?. Creative act Requires time Continuous feedback is necessary . Advantages .

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“Writing does not so much contribute to thinking as provide an occasion for thinking.”

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“Writing does not so much contribute to thinking

as provide an occasion for thinking.”

Bizzell


What is Process Writing?

  • Creative act

  • Requires time

  • Continuous feedback is necessary


Advantages

  • Teacher becomes reader as opposed to marker

  • Attention paid to WHAT is written instead of language errors

  • Research shows that feedback between drafts is more useful than a composition that is returned with corrections on it

  • Stages not linear – overlapping parts of a recursive process


Stages of Process Writing

  • Prewriting – Think

  • Drafting – Write

  • Revising – Make it Better

  • Proofreading / Editing – Make it Correct

  • Final Copy

    Sunday, November 27 – Teacher introduces task in class


Prewriting

  • Decide on a topic

  • Consider audience

  • Brainstorm ideas freely

    No attention to spelling, punctuation, or mechanics

  • Research


Drafting3 drafts and final copy

First Draft:

  • Write into sentences and paragraphs

  • Use your own words – no plagiarism allowed

  • “Rough Draft”, “Sloppy Copy”

  • Word Count


First Draft

Tuesday, November 29 – Students submit first draft

  • Score sheets – 2 points

    1 point – turned in on time

    1 point – word count

    Saturday, December 3 – Teacher gives feedback on content

    Student uses feedback to improve writing


Second DraftRevising Content

  • Read what you have written aloud to see if it reads smoothly

  • Rearrange parts of it

  • Take out or add parts

  • Replace overused or unclear words and phrases


Revising ContentA.R.R.R.

  • Adding – What else does the reader need to know?

  • Rearranging – Is the information in the most logical and effective order? (Intro/main body/conclusion)

    R. Removing – What unnecessary bits of information are in this piece of writing?

  • What words or phrases could be replaced by clearer or stronger expressions?


Second Draft

Monday, December 5 -- Students submit second draft

Score sheets – 2 points

  • 1 point = on time

  • 1 point = corrections / improvements


Peer Editing

  • Wednesday, December 7 – in class

  • Use second draft

  • Choose a classmate to proofread writing

  • First reading -- Proofreader reads the piece completely for content.

  • Second reading – read for mechanics, use checklist, write comments on it (not on actual writing)

  • Critical to process – When proofreader asks for clarification


Proofreading / Editing

  • Does the piece read smoothly? Is it logical?

  • Is there an introduction and conclusion?

  • Check the word count

  • Sentences complete and correct?

  • Spelling

  • Capitalization

  • Punctuation

  • Words used correctly?


Third Draft

Sunday, December 11 – Students submit third draft

Score sheets – 2 points

  • 1 point = on time

  • 1 point = corrections / improvements

    Tuesday, December 13 – Teacher gives feedback on all aspects of writing


Final Copy

Saturday, December 17 –

Students submit final copy

Marked with Writing Rubric that is

used for Mid-term and Final Exam


Final Copy

Tuesday, December 20

  • Teacher shows marks to students

  • Teacher submits marks to Registrar


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