teaching receptive skills listening and reading
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TEACHING RECEPTIVE SKILLS: LISTENING AND READING. Калинина Е.А. доцент кафедры филологического образования СарИПКиПРО. PROBLEMS IN LISTENING:. People speak too fast to follow They can not tell where the words start and stop People pronounce the words they just do not recognise

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teaching receptive skills listening and reading
TEACHING RECEPTIVE SKILLS: LISTENING AND READING.

Калинина Е.А.

доцент кафедры филологического образования СарИПКиПРО

problems in listening
PROBLEMS IN LISTENING:
  • People speak too fast to follow
  • They can not tell where the words start and stop
  • People pronounce the words they just do not recognise
  • They can not work out details
  • They can not even get the general message
  • They do not know what attitudes people are expressing
  • They can not pick out the most important parts for understanding
the task feedback circle
THE TASK –FEEDBACK CIRCLE
  • Lead-in
  • Pre-task work (optional)
  • Set clear task
  • Play the recording or students read the text
  • Feedback on task
  • conclude
three guidelines
THREE GUIDELINES:
  • GRADE THE TASK, NOT THE MATERIAL
  • TASK FIRST- THEN RECORDING
  • PROCESS RATHER THAN PRODUCT
examples of listening tasks
Examples of listening tasks:

LISTEN AND…

  • ARGUE AGAINST THE PROPOSITION
  • CHOOSE THE CORRECT PICTURE
  • LISTEN AGAIN UNTIL YOU HAVE LEARNED THE POEM BY HEART
  • SAY A REPLY TO EACH COMMENT YOU HEAR
slide6
CHOOSE THE BEST ANSWER
  • DECIDE WHICH PERSON IS SAYING WHICH SENTENCE
  • FOLLOW THE ROUTE ON THE MAP
  • WALK/SIT/MOVE ACCORDING TO THE INSTRUCTIONS
  • DRAW A PICTURE
slide7
TAKE DOWN THE MESSAGE, ADDRESS AND PHONE NUMBERS
  • PICK UP AND SHOW A CORRECT PICTURE
guidelines for listening skills work in class
GUIDELINES FOR LISTENING SKILLS WORK IN CLASS:
  • Keep the recording short
  • Play it 2 times at least
  • Let students discuss their answers together
  • Do not be led by one strong student
  • Give help only if they are completely stuck

(DVD- feedback after an exercise)

types of listening
TYPES OF LISTENING:
  • GIST LISTENING (EXTENSIVE LISTENING) (BOTTOM-UP)- GETTING THE GENERAL MEANING
  • LISTENING FOR DETAIL (TOP-DOWN)
possible route map for a listening lesson
POSSIBLE ROUTE MAP FOR A LISTENING LESSON:
  • Discuss the general topic
  • Predict the specific content
  • Predict the structure (who speaks? What kind of questions)
  • Gist listening for overview
  • Gist listening for attitudes
  • More careful listening for complex meanings
  • Listening for small details
listening ideas
LISTENING IDEAS:
  • News headlines
  • Jigsaw listening
  • Home recordings
  • Live listening
  • Guest stars.
problems in reading
PROBLEMS IN READING:
  • Lack of vocabulary
  • I need the dictionary all the time
  • It is very slow
  • Because it is slow the pleasure or interest is soon lost
reading for detail intensive
READING FOR DETAIL (INTENSIVE)
  • skimming=read quickly to get the gist of the passage
  • scanning= move eyes quickly over the text to locate a specific piece of information.

Skimming and scanning are both “top-down skills”.

possible route map for a reading lesson
POSSIBLE ROUTE MAP FOR A READING LESSON:
  • Pre-text
  • Introduction and lead-in
  • First task (pre-reading)-prediction from from illustrations, key-words, headlines), reading questions about the text.
possible route map for a reading lesson1
POSSIBLE ROUTE MAP FOR A READING LESSON:

2. Text

  • Skimming tasks (check text against predictions, guess the title from the choice of 3 options, put events in the right order)
  • Scanning tasks
  • Tasks to focus on general meaning (answer the questions, make a sketch, fill out a form, find out which picture is being described, compare viewpoints)
  • Tasks to focus on detailed meaning
  • Vocabulary or grammar exercises, use of dictionaries)
possible route map for a reading lesson2
POSSIBLE ROUTE MAP FOR A READING LESSON:

3. Post-text

  • Follow- on task (role-play, debate, writing task, personalisation)
  • Closing (reflection).
specific ideas for reading tasks
Specific ideas for reading tasks:
  • Put these illustrations of the text in the correct order
  • Put these cut-up paragraphs in the correct order
  • Find words in the text that mean the same as the words in the list
  • Read the text and find mistakes in the illustration
specific ideas for reading tasks1
Specific ideas for reading tasks:
  • Read the text and make a list of particular items
  • Give a headline to each section of the article
  • Insert the sentences into the text
  • Discuss or write the missing last paragraph of the text
extensive reading
EXTENSIVE READING

READERS- books published specifically for learners. They are graded and have grammar and vocabulary exercises.

extensive reading activities
Extensive reading activities:
  • Do not always start at the beginning! Try jumping in at the middle and reading one page. Predict what happened before
  • Create a situation totally different from the book and allow students to improvise
  • Review the book for a TV programme. Meet the author, discuss and argue.
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