Teaching receptive skills listening and reading
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TEACHING RECEPTIVE SKILLS: LISTENING AND READING. Калинина Е.А. доцент кафедры филологического образования СарИПКиПРО. PROBLEMS IN LISTENING:. People speak too fast to follow They can not tell where the words start and stop People pronounce the words they just do not recognise

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TEACHING RECEPTIVE SKILLS: LISTENING AND READING.

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Teaching receptive skills listening and reading

TEACHING RECEPTIVE SKILLS: LISTENING AND READING.

Калинина Е.А.

доцент кафедры филологического образования СарИПКиПРО


Problems in listening

PROBLEMS IN LISTENING:

  • People speak too fast to follow

  • They can not tell where the words start and stop

  • People pronounce the words they just do not recognise

  • They can not work out details

  • They can not even get the general message

  • They do not know what attitudes people are expressing

  • They can not pick out the most important parts for understanding


The task feedback circle

THE TASK –FEEDBACK CIRCLE

  • Lead-in

  • Pre-task work (optional)

  • Set clear task

  • Play the recording or students read the text

  • Feedback on task

  • conclude


Three guidelines

THREE GUIDELINES:

  • GRADE THE TASK, NOT THE MATERIAL

  • TASK FIRST- THEN RECORDING

  • PROCESS RATHER THAN PRODUCT


Examples of listening tasks

Examples of listening tasks:

LISTEN AND…

  • ARGUE AGAINST THE PROPOSITION

  • CHOOSE THE CORRECT PICTURE

  • LISTEN AGAIN UNTIL YOU HAVE LEARNED THE POEM BY HEART

  • SAY A REPLY TO EACH COMMENT YOU HEAR


Teaching receptive skills listening and reading

  • CHOOSE THE BEST ANSWER

  • DECIDE WHICH PERSON IS SAYING WHICH SENTENCE

  • FOLLOW THE ROUTE ON THE MAP

  • WALK/SIT/MOVE ACCORDING TO THE INSTRUCTIONS

  • DRAW A PICTURE


Teaching receptive skills listening and reading

  • TAKE DOWN THE MESSAGE, ADDRESS AND PHONE NUMBERS

  • PICK UP AND SHOW A CORRECT PICTURE


Guidelines for listening skills work in class

GUIDELINES FOR LISTENING SKILLS WORK IN CLASS:

  • Keep the recording short

  • Play it 2 times at least

  • Let students discuss their answers together

  • Do not be led by one strong student

  • Give help only if they are completely stuck

    (DVD- feedback after an exercise)


Types of listening

TYPES OF LISTENING:

  • GIST LISTENING (EXTENSIVE LISTENING) (BOTTOM-UP)- GETTING THE GENERAL MEANING

  • LISTENING FOR DETAIL (TOP-DOWN)


Possible route map for a listening lesson

POSSIBLE ROUTE MAP FOR A LISTENING LESSON:

  • Discuss the general topic

  • Predict the specific content

  • Predict the structure (who speaks? What kind of questions)

  • Gist listening for overview

  • Gist listening for attitudes

  • More careful listening for complex meanings

  • Listening for small details


Listening ideas

LISTENING IDEAS:

  • News headlines

  • Jigsaw listening

  • Home recordings

  • Live listening

  • Guest stars.


Problems in reading

PROBLEMS IN READING:

  • Lack of vocabulary

  • I need the dictionary all the time

  • It is very slow

  • Because it is slow the pleasure or interest is soon lost


Reading for detail intensive

READING FOR DETAIL (INTENSIVE)

  • skimming=read quickly to get the gist of the passage

  • scanning= move eyes quickly over the text to locate a specific piece of information.

    Skimming and scanning are both “top-down skills”.


Possible route map for a reading lesson

POSSIBLE ROUTE MAP FOR A READING LESSON:

  • Pre-text

  • Introduction and lead-in

  • First task (pre-reading)-prediction from from illustrations, key-words, headlines), reading questions about the text.


Possible route map for a reading lesson1

POSSIBLE ROUTE MAP FOR A READING LESSON:

2. Text

  • Skimming tasks (check text against predictions, guess the title from the choice of 3 options, put events in the right order)

  • Scanning tasks

  • Tasks to focus on general meaning (answer the questions, make a sketch, fill out a form, find out which picture is being described, compare viewpoints)

  • Tasks to focus on detailed meaning

  • Vocabulary or grammar exercises, use of dictionaries)


Possible route map for a reading lesson2

POSSIBLE ROUTE MAP FOR A READING LESSON:

3. Post-text

  • Follow- on task (role-play, debate, writing task, personalisation)

  • Closing (reflection).


Specific ideas for reading tasks

Specific ideas for reading tasks:

  • Put these illustrations of the text in the correct order

  • Put these cut-up paragraphs in the correct order

  • Find words in the text that mean the same as the words in the list

  • Read the text and find mistakes in the illustration


Specific ideas for reading tasks1

Specific ideas for reading tasks:

  • Read the text and make a list of particular items

  • Give a headline to each section of the article

  • Insert the sentences into the text

  • Discuss or write the missing last paragraph of the text


Extensive reading

EXTENSIVE READING

READERS- books published specifically for learners. They are graded and have grammar and vocabulary exercises.


Extensive reading activities

Extensive reading activities:

  • Do not always start at the beginning! Try jumping in at the middle and reading one page. Predict what happened before

  • Create a situation totally different from the book and allow students to improvise

  • Review the book for a TV programme. Meet the author, discuss and argue.


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