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川辺地区獣医師会主催 狂犬病予防担当者会議 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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川辺地区獣医師会主催 狂犬病予防担当者会議. 狂犬病とは 世界流行の現状と国内侵入のリスク. 鹿児島大学農学部 越境性動物疾病( TAD ) 制御 研究センター教授 獣医公衆衛生学  岡本嘉六. WHO: Updated September 2010. ●  狂犬病は 150 以上の国と地域で発生している。 ●  全世界で、 毎年 55,000 人以上 が狂犬病で死亡している。 ●  狂犬病が疑われる動物に咬まれる人々の 40% は、 15 歳以下 の子供達である。 ●  狂犬病による人間の 死亡原因の 99% はイヌによる 。

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川辺地区獣医師会主催 狂犬病予防担当者会議

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4350829

TAD

WHO: Updated September 2010

150

55,000

40%15

99%

1500327,000

1506101


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100%

Wikipedia

JICA

San Lazaro Hospital


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WHO

I

II

III

20062


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2004WHO

38

13

34%

24,329

43

4

9%

213

13

10

77%

55

40

37

93%

25

17

11

65%

19

n/a


4350829

20012006

20052,5372348148037930618451,8307

1,7447931530706317

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810


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20096

200824002007330020

200612200722008519942004112005

24112200811

19942004200532006420071914


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OIE

20051201012

OIE HANDISTATUS II

Detailed country (ies) disease incidence

145

90

72

33

26

21

20046


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OIE

1996

16

286

1997

12

70

1998

10

137

1999

21

55

2000

23

62

2001

89

297

2002

126

420

2003

51

130

2004

29

85

35

84

25

35

40

200

13

29

11

32

20

75

14

214

7

20

4

12

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

20

135

5

23

9

27

3

55

31

17

43

47

97

71


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OIE

1996

5

5

0

1997

7

8

0

1998

32

34

0

1999

13

14

1

2000

13

16

0

2001

16

20

1

2002

78

93

1

2003

10

12

2

2004

7

9

1

199338

19

3

14

18

10


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102,2482004

98

10200800

OIE

2008

2009629

2010546


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2010244619344738782823445000112926

2006


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WHO

OIE

20053479

20061810

20074572

20082989

20093437

20102418


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2005

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20081

20081021

1010

1995

13

Rabies in Slovenia


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20081010

200912435,000

200952335,000

2009624

529

302180

20099652,000

20104943

2008

10

2009

15

58

2010

199

10


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1977West Virginia

Virginia:1978

Maryland:1981

Columbia:1982 Pennsylvania:1982

Delaware:1987

New Jersey:1989

New York:1990

Connecticut:1991

North Carolina:1991

Massachusetts:1992

New Hampshire:1992

NY:

Vt:

NH:

Me:

Mass:

Conn:

Ri:

Pa:

1977

W Va:

Va:

NC:

Nj:

Del:

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CDC MNWR: April 22, 1994 / Vol. 43 / No. 15


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19901991923079431140%

*Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, northern North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia.

Alabama, Florida, Georgia, southern North Carolina, and South Carolina.


4350829

2003

6

0

0

0

0

2004

13

0

0

0

1

2005

26

1

0

1

0

2006

6

0

0

0

0

2007

6

0

1

2

35

2008

14

0

0

1

29

2009

14

0

12

1

1

2009

0

1

39

0

0

20111/14/30

207

261

17

21

24

22

269

247

19

43

1130

0

5

4

0

12

6

2

50

0

2

81


4350829

2011 11430

1990

New York Gov.

Dep. Health

Rabies

:2

:5

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1

:3

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:50


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2009128

1956

DDT

C.F.


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18

19

20

1,411

3,032

4,443

1,180

3,062

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3,168

4,097

284

1,146

1,430

247

1,198

1,445

293

1,197

1,490

()

()


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4350829

18

16

11,217

992

17

11,586

690

18

10,441

506

19

7,454

342

20

6,136

253


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17

18

19

20

21

6,479,977

4,796,585

74.0

6,635,807

4,910,047

74.0

6,739,716

5,097,615

75.6

6,804,649

5,091,515

74.8

6,880,844

5,112,401

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88,846

14,542

86,621

14,948

73,303

14,621

64,575

15,266

57,276

14,627

13,101,000

12,322,000

12,522,000

40.7

38.9

41.5

40%

WHO70%


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461


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5


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2006

2007

20082

2009

2010


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2011819


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CDC: Clinical Signs of Rabies in Animals

Rabies virus causes an acute encephalitis in all warm-blooded hosts and the outcome is almost always fatal. The first symptoms of rabies may be nonspecific and include lethargy, fever, vomiting, and anorexia. Signs progress within days to cerebral dysfunction, cranial nerve dysfunction, ataxia, weakness, paralysis, seizures, difficulty breathing, difficulty swallowing, excessive salivation, abnormal behavior, aggression, and/or self-mutilation.

The Prodromal Phase

The Paralytic Phase

The "Mad Dog" Phase


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EU

2008

34

37

40

2521174

32

2007

55

43

318814

ECDC: Annual epidemiological report


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Rabies in Human Beings

2010

2009

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

3


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