How to promote entrepreneurship and commercialization of research at an old general university
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How to promote entrepreneurship and commercialization of research at an old General University?. Lars Jonsson Head of UU Innovation & UUAB Holding Company Uppsala University Sweden. Old General Universities. Difficult to grasp Even more difficult to manage

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How to promote entrepreneurship and commercialization of research at an old general university

How to promote entrepreneurship and commercialization of research at an old General University?

Lars Jonsson

Head of UU Innovation & UUAB Holding Company

Uppsala University

Sweden


Old general universities

Old General Universities

  • Difficult to grasp

  • Even more difficult to manage

  • Long processes to achieve living policies

  • Strong academic culture

    • It is not noble to commercialize

    • Professor's privilege


Uppsala university

Uppsala University

  • 530 years in business…

    • Strong academic traditions

    • Academic research should stand free!

  • Heavily decentralized

  • Strongly divested

    • Theology  Space Technology


Nine faculties three disciplinary domains

Nine faculties, Three disciplinary domains

  • Arts

  • Educational Sciences

  • Languages

  • Law

  • Social Sciences

  • Theology

  • Medicine

  • Pharmacy

  • Science and Technology

Arts

&

Social Sciences


Professor s privilege a swedish specialty

Professor's privilegeA Swedish specialty…

  • All results are the researchers private equity

    • The University has no rights

    • Only Sweden; (Italy with some restrictions)

  • Can not use University Money for

    • Patent applications

    • Investments in shares

    • Investments in developing projects


Tough odds for patents

Tough odds for patents!

  • Canadian survey

    • Thomas Asterbot, Univ of Toronto, 2003

  • 1061 out of 1091 failed….

    • < 7 % reached the market

    • 0,5 % became profitable


  • Research is an investment

    Research is an investment

    • Return of investment:

      • Competitive work force

      • Competitive inventions

      • Knowledge based economy

      • Increased welfare

    • A University Innovation System is mandatory to achieve this !


    Commercialize research

    Commercialize research

    • We have a mission to make our research useful to society through commercialization and patents.

      • Anders Hallberg,

      • Vice-Chancellor,

      • Uppsala University, 2006


    Patents are instruments

    Patents are instruments

    • Patents and Knowledge Transfer should not be the goal for a university institution

    • They are tools to establish a relation and enforce the institution!


    The svedberg group the cradle of modern biotechnology industry

    ”The Svedberg Group”- the cradle of modern biotechnology industry!

    • The Svedberg

      • Nobel Laureate 1926

      • The Ultracentrifuge

    • Arne Tiselius

      • Nobel Laureate 1949

      • Electrophoresis and Chromatography

      • Gel filtration, phase partition etc

    • Today:

    • GE Health Biosciences


    Uppsala bio invention to company turn over

    Biacore67 MUSD

    Fragmin™

    Xalatan™1.300 MUSD

    Q-Med

    78 MUSD

    Pharmacia Biotech

     GE Healthcare

    600 MUSD *

    Biotage

    AMO Uppsala

    114 MUSD

    Olink

    Phadia

    204 MUSD

    Electrophoresis

    Function of

    Hyaluronic acid

    IgE

    Padlock Probes

    Heparin

    Dextran

    SPR Biosensors

    neuropeptides effect

    on ocular blood flow

    Microwave

    syntheses

    UppsalaBioInvention to company turn-over

    Commercialization

    Turn-over today

    ~2,600 MUSD / year

    of which > 1,000 MUSD is based in Uppsala

    1940

    1960

    1980

    2000

    Research

    inventions


    What have been done organizational structure

    UUAB

    Holding

    Company

    STUNS –

    Non-profit

    university & society

    foundation

    Technical

    Bridge

    Foundations

    Science Park

    1985

    1990

    1995

    2000

    2005

    What have been done - Organizational structure

    Ad hoc

    Collaboaration

    And spin-outs

    Liasion

    office


    How to promote entrepreneurship and commercialization of research at an old general university

    UUAB

    The Holding Company of Uppsala University

    • Owned by the University

      • Arm length distance – no part of the Authority

      • Legal form = private company

    • The Government decides the object in

    • the Articles of Associations


    What have been done organizational structure1

    UUAB

    Holding

    Company

    University

    Liasion

    Company

    STUNS –

    Non-profit

    university & society

    foundation

    UU Innovation

    CEF

    Entrepreneurial

    Educational

    Programs

    Key Actors

    Program

    Technical

    Bridge

    Foundations

    ÅMA

    Material

    Academy

    Science Park

    Patent

    Office

    A Wall

    Chair

    Innoventus

    Life Science

    Venture

    1985

    1990

    1995

    2000

    2005

    SHB

    Patent

    Grants

    Foundation

    Drivhuset

    Student

    Foundation

    Connect

    PUB

    meetings

    Venture

    Cup

    What have been done - Organizational structure

    UIC

    Business

    Incubator

    Ad hoc

    Collaboaration

    And spin-outs

    Liasion

    office


    What have been done processes

    What have been done- Processes

    • Recruiting right people

      • Two-cultural

  • Identify champions and relate

    • Researchers

    • External network of entrepreneurs

  • Traditional spin-out strategy

    • Start-ups, out licensing

  • Collaborative research

    • Pro active approach


  • Three main processes

    Three main processes

    • Stimulate entrepreneurship

      • Mainly students

      • Business idea in a known market

    • Commercialization of inventions

      • Research results, new products & markets

    • Creation of business opportunities

      • Collaborative research platforms

      • between disciplines and with companies


    Stimulate 1 cef centre for entrepreneurship

    Stimulate 1CEF -Centre for Entrepreneurship

    • University centre to stimulate entrepreneurship

      • The School of Entrepreneurship

        • Last year program for science students

        • Real industrial project + theory & seminaries

      • Project Management for students

      • Seminaries for PhD students and researchers

      • Seminaries for small knowledge based companies


    Stimulate 2 drivhuset

    Stimulate 2Drivhuset

    • Student non-profit organization

      • Inspire and stimulate students

      • Support entrepreneurship vs employed

      • Seminaries, lectures and hands on

      • 50 student based companies per year


    Stimulate 3 anders wall s chair

    Stimulate 3Anders Wall's chair

    • Professor chair in entrepreneurship

      • Donation by Anders Wall, famous local entrepreneur

      • Education and research

      • Entrepreneurial Day

        • Entrepreneurs Academy

        • Niklas Zennström, founder of Skype

          • Dollar billionair, Uppsala alumni


    Commercialization of research results disclosure process

    UUAB

    $

    $

    UUAB

    $

    $

    UUAB

    $

    $

    Commercialization of research resultsDisclosure process

    Fuel

    Find

    Foster

    Forward

    Professional Project Management

    Secure

    Top Class

    International

    Research

    Verify

    Develope

    UIC- Business Incubator

    Start-Ups

    Existing Company

    • Free Patent Supervisor

    • ~ 150 discl/year

    Projects (UUAB)

    New Company

    Innoventus

    Existing Company

    VC $$$


    Business incubator uic

    Business IncubatorUIC

    • We are business developers, not landlords

    • Business coach 1 day / week

      • Not for free, but pay when (if) you can

    • UIC not an owner!

    • Gives 7,9 times return on the tax investment!


    How to promote entrepreneurship and commercialization of research at an old general university

    UUABthe Holding Company

    • > 500 disclosures

    • > 50 start-ups

    • Invested ~ 8 M€

    • High value creation

    + 63 MSEK already realized


    Uuab results june 2007

    UUAB Invested 7,8 M€

    Realized profit UUAB (exits) 6,7 M€

    Value of portfolio ~ 7,7 M€

    Running costs 3,3 M€

    Net profit ~ 3,3 M€

    Consequently investments ~ 128 M€

    Generated University Incomes ~ 26 M€

    Huge leverage for the University and the Society

    UUAB Results (june 2007)


    A new entity uu innovation

    Uppsala University

    Commercialization units

    Vice-Chancellor

    (President)

    UU Innovation

    UUAB

    (Holding Company)

    • Strategy

    • Partnership

    • IPR management

    • Business Law

    • Entrepreneurship

    • Innovation

    Vice President

    Forskarpatent

    (Patent Office)

    Vice President

    Vice President

    Faculty & Departments

    Faculty & Departments

    Faculty & Departments

    Faculty & Departments

    Uppsala

    Innovation Centre

    business incubator

    Faculty & Departments

    Faculty & Departments

    Faculty & Departments

    Faculty & Departments

    A new entityUU Innovation

    One Manager


    Society the winner

    Society - the winner

    • Not always profitable

      • for the professor

      • for the university

      • for the Holding Company

  • Very profitable for the society

  • Gives valuable collaborations

  • Increases the competitiveness of the university


  • Never ever give up

    Never ever give up

    • “Success is going from failure to failure without a loss of enthusiasm”-

    • Winston Churchill


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