Changing transitions to a differentiated higher education system: 1996-2010 Linda Croxford and David Raffe CES, University of Edinburgh www.ces.ed.ac.uk. Context 1: Higher Education in the “United Kingdom” (UK) 1996-2010.
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Changing transitions to a differentiated higher education system:1996-2010
Linda Croxford and David Raffe
CES, University of Edinburgh
Measured by Index of Dissimilarity (Segregation)
Ai is the number of minority-group entrants in institution i
Bi is the number of majority-group entrants in institution i
A is the total number of minority-group entrants in all institutions
B is the total number of majority-group entrants in all institutions
Both are (partly) historically based – because resistant to change?
Have these hierarchies weakened (perhaps superceded by other hierarchies) since the 1990s?
Principal components analysis based on characteristics of entrants per institution and subject -suggests five main components:
SOME ISSUES FOR DEBATE 1996-2010
1. Why are institutional hierarchies so stable?
2. Are they challenged by markets?
3. Should socially-stratified institutions be welcomed as means of ‘inclusion’ or resisted as means of ‘diversion’?
4. Are processes of differentiation by class and ethnicity comparable?
Croxford, L. and Raffe, D. (2011) Applicants and entrants through UCAS to the UK’s differentiated full-time HE system 1996-2010. Working Paper 1. http://www.ces.ed.ac.uk/research/DIFFHE/index.htm
Croxford, L. and Raffe, D. (2011) The social, demographic and educational characteristics of applicants and entrants to full-time HE in the UK 1996-2010. Working Paper 2. http://www.ces.ed.ac.uk/research/DIFFHE/index.htm
Croxford, L. and Raffe, D. Differentiation and social segregation of UK higher education, 1996-2010. Oxford Review of Education.
Raffe, D. Was devolution the beginning of the end of the UK higher education system? Perspectives: Policy and Practice in Higher Education.
Raffe, D. and Croxford, L. One system or four? Cross-border applications and entries to full-time undergraduate courses in the UK since devolution.
Raffe, D. and Croxford, L. How stable is the stratification of Higher Education in England and Scotland?
Croxford, L. and Raffe, D. Social class, ethnicity and access to higher education in the four countries of the UK: 1996-2010
Croxford, L. and Raffe, D. Dimensions of the UK HE System