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Researching, Organizing, and Outlining Your Speech. Characteristics of a Formal Outline. Outline is written in complete sentences Outline includes all important and relevant information Outline is typed Outline includes citations within text

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Researching, Organizing, and Outlining Your Speech

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Researching organizing and outlining your speech l.jpg

Researching, Organizing, and Outlining Your Speech


Characteristics of a formal outline l.jpg

Characteristics of a Formal Outline

  • Outline is written in complete sentences

  • Outline includes all important and relevant information

  • Outline is typed

  • Outline includes citations within text

  • Outline includes two-five (2-5) main points (I, II, III…)

  • Outline includes supporting information as sub points (A, B, C…) Each main point must contain a minimum of two supporting details.

  • If needed, outline includes elaborated information as sub sub-points (1, 2, 3…)


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Organizing the body of your speech

  • Identify 2-5 main points (central ideas you want to present to your audience)

  • Consider organizational pattern of main points

  • Write a thesis statement with main points

  • Develop the main points of your speech through research

  • Outline the speech body


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Organizational Patterns of a Speech (page 282)

  • Topical / Logical pattern (based on types or categories)

    • The Division of College Students: Freshman, Sophomore, Junior, Senior

    • Diabetes: What is Diabetes, What Causes Diabetes, What are Symptoms of Diabetes, What are Treatments of Diabetes

  • Chronological pattern (based on how things occur in time)

    • Oprah: Oprah’s Childhood, Oprah’s rise to success, Oprah’s future ambitions

  • Spatial pattern (based on where things are located in space)

    • Places to visit in Alabama: Huntsville, Birmingham, Tuscaloosa, Montgomery, Mobile

  • Compare & Contrast (Informative or Persuasive)

    • Shelton vs UA, Wedding Rituals: India vs UA


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Organizational Patterns of a speech

  • Cause & Effect pattern

    • Binge Drinking: The effects of binge drinking on a college campus, the causes of binge drinking on a college campus OR discuss 2-5 causes OR discuss 2-5 effects

  • Problem & Solution

    • Overcrowded Prisons: The problem of overcrowded prisons, the solution to overcrowded prisons OR the problem of overcrowded prisons, why this has become a problem, the solution to overcrowded prisons


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Don’t Forget……

  • Make sure you use transitions to create a parallel structure (flow between main points and sub points)….

  • Transitions – words, phrases, or sentences that show a relationship between, or bridge, two ideas


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Supporting Materials (page 268)

  • Supporting materials are used to clarify an idea, make an idea interesting, make an idea memorable, or prove an idea

  • Types of Supporting Materials

    • Facts

    • Statistics

    • Examples

    • Expert opinions

    • Stories /Anecdotes

    • Analogies

    • Quotations / Testimonies

    • Definitions


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Locating Supporting Materials (page 263)

  • Books

  • Professional Journals

  • Newspapers

  • Reference Works (Encyclopedia, Dictionary, Almanac, etc)

  • Internet-based sources (Websites)

  • Magazines

  • Non-print Materials (Audio, Audiovisual, etc)

  • Personal Interviews


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Locating GOOD supporting materials (page 265)

  • Authority / Credibility: Anyone can establish a website. Evaluate!

  • Objectivity: Is the information bias? Is it an advertisement?

  • Currency: When was this information produced? Is it updated?

    Citing Sources:(include this in oral & written citations)

  • Title of Article

  • Title of Publication

  • Author of Article

  • Date of Article

  • Website (name of organization, institution, etc.)

  • Webpage


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