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Identifiers, Metadata and Document Structures: Essential Ingredients for Inter-European Case Law Search Paris , 11-12-2008 Marc van Opijnen, sr. adviser legal informatics Council for the Judiciary, the Netherlands [email protected] Topics. Problems with searching and citing

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Identifiers metadata and document structures

Identifiers, Metadata and Document Structures:

Essential Ingredients for Inter-European Case Law Search

Paris, 11-12-2008

Marc van Opijnen, sr. adviser legal informatics

Council for the Judiciary, the Netherlands

[email protected]

Ingredients for Inter-European Case Law Search


Topics

Topics

  • Problems with searching and citing

  • Some theory on identifiers and citations

  • The Dutch experience

  • European Case Law Identifier

  • Metadata

  • Document structures

Ingredients for Inter-European Case Law Search


Identifiers metadata and document structures

Ingredients for Inter-European Case Law Search


Identifiers metadata and document structures

Ingredients for Inter-European Case Law Search


Identifiers metadata and document structures

Ingredients for Inter-European Case Law Search


Identifiers metadata and document structures

Ingredients for Inter-European Case Law Search


Identifiers metadata and document structures

Ingredients for Inter-European Case Law Search


Identifiers metadata and document structures

Ingredients for Inter-European Case Law Search


Identifiers metadata and document structures

Ingredients for Inter-European Case Law Search


Identifiers metadata and document structures

Ingredients for Inter-European Case Law Search


Identifiers metadata and document structures

Ingredients for Inter-European Case Law Search


Identifiers metadata and document structures

Ingredients for Inter-European Case Law Search


Identifiers metadata and document structures

Ingredients for Inter-European Case Law Search


Identifiers metadata and document structures

Ingredients for Inter-European Case Law Search


Identifiers metadata and document structures

Ingredients for Inter-European Case Law Search


Identifiers metadata and document structures

Ingredients for Inter-European Case Law Search


How to cite

How to cite?

  • European Court of Justice, 14-10-2004, C-299/02, European Court reports 2004, Page I-09761, Celex-nr 62002J0299, CASELEX:EU:2004:8, BAILII: [2004] EUECJ C-299/02, VLEX-17284540, NJ 2005, 421, a.s.o.

Ingredients for Inter-European Case Law Search


Identifiers metadata and document structures

Ingredients for Inter-European Case Law Search


Identifiers metadata and document structures

Ingredients for Inter-European Case Law Search


Identifiers metadata and document structures

Ingredients for Inter-European Case Law Search


Identifiers metadata and document structures

Ingredients for Inter-European Case Law Search


Identifiers metadata and document structures

Ingredients for Inter-European Case Law Search


Identifiers metadata and document structures

Ingredients for Inter-European Case Law Search


Some theory

Some theory

  • Work: a distinct intellectual or artistic creation

  • Expression: the intellectual or artistic realization of a work

  • Manifestation: the physical embodiment of an expression of a work

  • Item: a single exemplar of a manifestation

Ingredients for Inter-European Case Law Search


The problem

The problem

  • Identifiers are on expression level, vendor and medium specific

  • Attributes not usable as an identifier

  • Long citations needed

work

no identifier

expression

BB 4701

expression

DH p.482

expression

KL 320

expression

AB p. 93-99

Ingredients for Inter-European Case Law Search


Solution in the netherlands

Solution in the Netherlands

  • Identifier at the work level

  • Building a register

  • Putting the index on line

  • Public private standardization

Ingredients for Inter-European Case Law Search


Identifiers metadata and document structures

Ingredients for Inter-European Case Law Search


European case law identifier

European Case Law Identifier

  • ECLI: on the work level

  • Recognizable

  • Not opaque: country, court, year

  • Readable

  • No substitution of national number, but including it

  • ECLI:country code:court code:year:number

Ingredients for Inter-European Case Law Search


Building ecli

Building ECLI

  • Italy, Corte Costituzionale 322/2008

    • ECLI:IT:CC:2008:322

  • Netherlands, LJN BC8581 (Hoge Raad, 01-04-2008)

    • ECLI:NL:HR:2008:BC8581

  • Belgium, Raad van State/Conseil d’État, 185.273, 09-07-2008

    • ECLI:BE:RSCE:2008:185273

  • Finland, KKO:2008:97

    • ECLI:FI:KKO:2008:97

Ingredients for Inter-European Case Law Search


Prerequisites

Prerequisites

  • A national court designated identifier (work level)

  • A freely accessible index

Ingredients for Inter-European Case Law Search


Metadata

Metadata

  • Various metadata added

  • Development of a European metadata model

    • Work - expression

  • Standards, e.g. Dublin Core

  • Extensible

  • In the ECLI-repository?

Ingredients for Inter-European Case Law Search


Document structures

Document structures

  • Advanced searches and display

  • Automated analysis of cases

  • Interconnect information in judgments

  • Adaptation of production process?

  • CEN/Metalex: www.metalex.eu

Ingredients for Inter-European Case Law Search


Conclusion

Conclusion

  • Many different initiatives, diversity has to be cherished

  • Some standardization could give a lot of added value

    • Identifier

    • Metadata

    • Document structures

Ingredients for Inter-European Case Law Search


Identifiers metadata and document structures

… thank you

Ingredients for Inter-European Case Law Search


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