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Identifiers, Metadata and Document Structures: Essential Ingredients for Inter-European Case Law Search Paris , 11-12-2008 Marc van Opijnen, sr. adviser legal informatics Council for the Judiciary, the Netherlands [email protected] Topics. Problems with searching and citing

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Identifiers, Metadata and Document Structures:

Essential Ingredients for Inter-European Case Law Search

Paris, 11-12-2008

Marc van Opijnen, sr. adviser legal informatics

Council for the Judiciary, the Netherlands

[email protected]

Ingredients for Inter-European Case Law Search

topics
Topics
  • Problems with searching and citing
  • Some theory on identifiers and citations
  • The Dutch experience
  • European Case Law Identifier
  • Metadata
  • Document structures

Ingredients for Inter-European Case Law Search

how to cite
How to cite?
  • European Court of Justice, 14-10-2004, C-299/02, European Court reports 2004, Page I-09761, Celex-nr 62002J0299, CASELEX:EU:2004:8, BAILII: [2004] EUECJ C-299/02, VLEX-17284540, NJ 2005, 421, a.s.o.

Ingredients for Inter-European Case Law Search

some theory
Some theory
  • Work: a distinct intellectual or artistic creation
  • Expression: the intellectual or artistic realization of a work
  • Manifestation: the physical embodiment of an expression of a work
  • Item: a single exemplar of a manifestation

Ingredients for Inter-European Case Law Search

the problem
The problem
  • Identifiers are on expression level, vendor and medium specific
  • Attributes not usable as an identifier
  • Long citations needed

work

no identifier

expression

BB 4701

expression

DH p.482

expression

KL 320

expression

AB p. 93-99

Ingredients for Inter-European Case Law Search

solution in the netherlands
Solution in the Netherlands
  • Identifier at the work level
  • Building a register
  • Putting the index on line
  • Public private standardization

Ingredients for Inter-European Case Law Search

european case law identifier
European Case Law Identifier
  • ECLI: on the work level
  • Recognizable
  • Not opaque: country, court, year
  • Readable
  • No substitution of national number, but including it
  • ECLI:country code:court code:year:number

Ingredients for Inter-European Case Law Search

building ecli
Building ECLI
  • Italy, Corte Costituzionale 322/2008
    • ECLI:IT:CC:2008:322
  • Netherlands, LJN BC8581 (Hoge Raad, 01-04-2008)
    • ECLI:NL:HR:2008:BC8581
  • Belgium, Raad van State/Conseil d’État, 185.273, 09-07-2008
    • ECLI:BE:RSCE:2008:185273
  • Finland, KKO:2008:97
    • ECLI:FI:KKO:2008:97

Ingredients for Inter-European Case Law Search

prerequisites
Prerequisites
  • A national court designated identifier (work level)
  • A freely accessible index

Ingredients for Inter-European Case Law Search

metadata
Metadata
  • Various metadata added
  • Development of a European metadata model
    • Work - expression
  • Standards, e.g. Dublin Core
  • Extensible
  • In the ECLI-repository?

Ingredients for Inter-European Case Law Search

document structures
Document structures
  • Advanced searches and display
  • Automated analysis of cases
  • Interconnect information in judgments
  • Adaptation of production process?
  • CEN/Metalex: www.metalex.eu

Ingredients for Inter-European Case Law Search

conclusion
Conclusion
  • Many different initiatives, diversity has to be cherished
  • Some standardization could give a lot of added value
    • Identifier
    • Metadata
    • Document structures

Ingredients for Inter-European Case Law Search

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… thank you

Ingredients for Inter-European Case Law Search

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