Population and public health
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Population and Public Health. Patricia Taiwo. Introduction. Public health focuses on the health of the population and the community as a whole by ensuring conditions that prevent diseases and injuries, and promoting optimum health. Before 2001 and after 2004.

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Population and Public Health

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Population and public health

Population and Public Health

Patricia Taiwo


Introduction

Introduction

  • Public health focuses on the health of the population and the community as a whole by ensuring conditions that prevent diseases and injuries, and promoting optimum health.

  • Before 2001 and after 2004.

  • Public Health Information Network (PHIN)

    -an integrated healthcare and public health system using information effectively to advance population health and well-being.


Number of influenza associated pediatric deaths

Number of Influenza- Associated Pediatric deaths


Population health and meaningful use

Population Health and Meaningful Use

  • Meaningful Use Stage 1 2011-2013

    • Public Health –providers must test one of:(Hospitals) Transmit required disease Electronic Laboratory Reports (ELR) using HL72.5.1 message and LOINC

    • Transmit syndromic public health reports using HL7 2.3.1 or 2.5.1

    • Transmit immunization records to immunization registries using HL7 2.3.1 or 2.5.1 and

    • Population Health-Create registries of patients with similar conditions


Benefits

Benefits

  • Harness resources for precise decision-making to help improve population and patient outcomes and reduce costs

  • Ensure organizational readiness and increase information to support mission

  • Enhance access to relevant, actionable information (e.g., reports and dashboards),

  • Monitor key performance indicators (KPIs), and make well-informed decisions.


Barriers

Barriers

  • Some jurisdictions lack electronic laboratory reporting, syndromic surveillance, immunization registries

    • New standards (e.g., HL7 v.2.5.1 electronic laboratory reporting)Vocabularies, message structures, transport mechanisms not always defined

  • Need to migrate old PH systems to new standards

  • Need to migrate old data providers (old custom approaches)

  • Need to on-board new data providers

  • Manage impacts on workload and workflow

  • Few resources provided, declining budgets, workforce


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