Chapter 11
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Chapter 11. Parenting Key Terms. Parenting The raising of a child by its parents. Transition to parenthood The period of time from the beginning of pregnancy through the first few months after the birth of a baby. Oxytocin

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Chapter 11

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Chapter 11

Chapter 11

Parenting

Key Terms


Chapter 11

  • Parenting

    • The raising of a child by its parents.

  • Transition to parenthood

    • The period of time from the beginning of pregnancy through the first few months after the birth of a baby.


Chapter 11

  • Oxytocin

    • A hormone from the pituitary gland during the expulsive stage of labor that has been associated with the onset of maternal behavior in lower animals.

  • Baby blues

    • Transitory symptoms of depression twenty-four to forty-eight hours after the baby is born.


Chapter 11

  • Postpartum depression

    • Believed to be a result of the numerous physiological and psychological changes occurring during pregnancy, labor, and delivery.


Chapter 11

  • Responsiveness

    • Refers to the extent to which parents respond to and meet the needs of their children.

  • Demandingness

    • The manner in which parents place demands on children in regard to expectations and discipline.


Chapter 11

  • Overindulgence

    • Giving children too much, too soon, too long- it is a form of child neglect where children are not allowed to develop their own competences.

  • Time out

    • A noncorporal form of punishment that involves removing the child from a context of reinforcement to a place of isolation for one minute for each year of the child’s age.


Chapter 11

  • Developmental-maturational training approach

    • Views what children do, think, and feel as being influenced by their genetic inheritance.

    • Although genes dictate the unfolding of a unique person, every individual passes through the same basic pattern of growth.

    • This pattern includes four aspects of development: motor behavior, adaptive behavior, language behavior, and personal-social behavior.


Chapter 11

  • Behavioral approach

    • Also known as the social learning approach, this is based on the work of B. F. Skinner and focuses on conditioning.

  • Parent effectiveness training

    • Focuses on what children feel and experience in the here and now—how they see the world.


Chapter 11

  • Socioteleological approach

    • Because children feel powerless in the face of adult superiority, they try to compensate by gaining attention, exerting power, seeking revenge, and acting inadequate.


Chapter 11

  • Attachment parenting

    • Dr. William Sears along with his wife, Martha Sears, developed this approach that focuses on parents connecting with their baby.


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