Urbanization and Climate Change Interaction in Shaping Water Security in Peri -Urban Kathmandu Approach, Processes and Findings of Peri -Urban Water Security Research . Ashutosh Shukla Nepal Engineering College Dissemination Workshop on Peri -Urban Water Security Research in South Asia
Urbanization and Climate Change Interaction in Shaping Water Security in Peri-Urban KathmanduApproach, Processes and Findings of Peri-Urban Water Security Research
Nepal Engineering College
Dissemination Workshop on Peri-Urban Water Security Research in South Asia
June 18, 2013
Bagmati River and its Tributaries form the natural drainage system in the valley.
The landscape is formed by river action- erosion and sedimentation.
The valley floor has fertile soil to support multiple cropping.
Mixed rural and urban landscape
High rising buildings and farm lands exist side by side
Increasing Roles of Market Players/ Water Entrepreneurs in Supporting Urban Water Needs- Water Extractors, Tanker Operators, Water Vendors, Bottling Industries
Stresses visible at three levels:
Extraction of water and other natural resources
Building of empirical understanding on urbanization x climate change interaction, and related processes, at work in shaping water security (insecurity) in peri-urban areas and using this understanding in identifying actions at community, development and policy levels towards sustainable urban growth and utilization and management of water and other natural resources in the peri-urban areas.
8 criteria used in selection:
State and processes in land use changes
State and processes in social and livelihood transformation
Flow of goods and services for urban needs
Multiple claimants, contestation and conflict on water
State of institutions and institutional lacunae
Changing ecology and ecological stresses
Perceived climate change (variability) and impact
Perceived water (in)security
Informed Decision in the Selection of Study Sites:
Score Ranking Method:
Shortage of water supply
Lubhu (Capacity Building in Improving Water Supply Infrastructures and Management of Water Resources)
Water Security (insecurity) Shaped by Urbanization:
Water Security (Insecurity) Shaped by Climate Change:
Water Security (Insecurity) Shaped by Management Innovation at Local Level:
Dissemination of the findings to generate action:
- Reaching the planning and policy level to add value in policy processes.
- Reaching the government agencies at the implementation level to add value in designing appropriate intervention strategies and programs.
- Reaching the peri-urban communities (at the study sites and beyond) for informed decision making and management innovations.
- Reaching the water professionals and urban planners (sensitizing them to peri-urban context and realities).
- Translating the findings into educational agenda.