Ch 23 medicines and drugs
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Ch. 23 Medicines and Drugs. All Medicines are drugs, but not all drugs are medicines!. Medicines. Used to treat or prevent diseases Preventative Medicines:

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Ch. 23 Medicines and Drugs

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Ch 23 medicines and drugs

Ch. 23 Medicines and Drugs

All Medicines are drugs, but not all drugs are medicines!


Medicines

Medicines

  • Used to treat or prevent diseases

  • Preventative Medicines:

    • Vaccines- killed or weakened viruses that stimulate your body to produce antibodies to protect you from that disease. (Measles, Mumps, Chicken Pox, Polio)

    • Antitoxins- to neutralize the effects of toxins(poisons) such as tetanus and diptheria


Medicines1

Medicines

  • Pathogen Fighting Medicines

    Antibiotics- fight bacterial diseases, no effect on viruses

    Antivirals -help to lessen symptoms of viruses, but do not kill it

    Antifungals- fight fungal infections like athlete’s foot, yeast infections


Pain relievers

Pain Relievers

  • Analgesic- pain relievers- range from aspirin to narcotics

  • Over the counter medicines- Advil, aspirin, Tylenol

  • Prescription- Narcotics- vicodin, norco, oxycontin- need a doctor’s written instructions and dispensed only by a pharmacist


Health promoting medicines

Health Promoting Medicines

  • Allergy medicines-

  • Body regulating- insulin for diabetes

  • Antidepressants, antipsychotic- normalize chemicals in the brain

  • Cancer treatment- chemotherapy


Side effects reactions to medicines other than what was intended

Side EffectsReactions to medicines other than what was intended

  • Additive Interaction- medicines that work together in a positive way

  • Synergistic effect- Two or more medicines taken together that results in a greater effect than taken alone

  • Antagonistic Interaction- The effect of one medicine cancels or reduces the effect of another medicine- or gives a negative reaction, when taken together


Medicine misuse

Medicine Misuse

  • Giving your prescription medicine to another person

  • Taking too much or too little than prescribed

  • Using expired medicines

  • Mixing medicines without informing the doctor

  • Discontinuing use without informing the physician


Drug use vocabulary

Drug Use Vocabulary

  • Substance Abuse- Any unnecessary or improper use of chemical substances for nonmedical purposes

  • Illegal drugs- chemical substances that people of any age may not lawfully manufacture, possess, buy or sell

  • Illicit Drug use- use or sale of and substance that is illegal


Influences

Influences

  • Peer Pressure

  • Family

  • Role models

  • Media

  • Perceptions- stereotypes- self-fullfilling prophecies


Consequences

Consequences

  • Physical- overdose- a strong, sometimes fatal reaction to taking too much of a drug, body systems break down- liver, heart, brain & respiratory problems

  • Mental/Emotional- Brain damage, destruction of goals & dreams, depression, loss of value system

  • Social- School problems, family problems, legal problems, friend problems, societal costs


Drug addicts

Drug Addicts


Addiction signs

Addiction Signs

  • Tolerance- need more to achieve the same effect or sometimes any effect

  • Psychological dependence- A person believes he needs the drug to function

  • Physiological or Physical dependence- when a person experiences severe withdrawal symptoms after stopping use.

  • Withdrawal- symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, chills, flashback, etc. that occur when detoxing

  • Addiction- a physical or psychological dependence on a drug- needing it to feel somewhat normal


Tnd vocabulary

TND Vocabulary

  • TRAP

  • T- Trial and Experimentation

  • R- Recreational Use

  • A- Abuse

  • P- Pinned down or addicted


Marijuana

Marijuana

  • Cannabis- a plant whose buds, leaves and flowers are smoked for their intoxicating effect

  • Forms- smoked in a joint, edibles, hash

  • Active ingredient- THC

  • Hallucinogen and depressant

  • Raises dopamine level in the brain, thus the term DOPE


Marijuana effects

Marijuana Effects

  • Hallucinations, paranoia

  • Impaired short term memory, coordination

  • Slow reaction time

  • Dry mouth

  • Heart & lung damage

  • Weakened immune system

  • Increased risk of lung cancer- over 400 carcinogens

  • Increased appetite- weight gain

  • Hormonal changes leading to infertility, sterility


Slang names

Slang Names

  • Mary Jane

  • Weed

  • Dope

  • Ganja

  • Reefer

  • MJ

  • Grass

  • Pot


Inhalants

Inhalants

  • Substances whose fumes are sniffed or inhaled for intoxicating effects

  • Aerosols, glues, spray paints, gasoline

  • Hallucinogenic effects, depresses the Central Nervous System

  • Cardiac arrest, stopped breathing, sudden death, hallucinations


Anabolic androgenic steroids

Anabolic-Androgenic Steroids

  • Synthetic testosterone

  • Increased muscle mass

  • Impaired immune system

  • Fertility problems

  • Acne

  • “Roid” rage

  • Muscles can tear tendons off of bone

  • Females grow beards, males grow breasts


Psychoactive drugs stimulants

Psychoactive Drugs- Stimulants

  • Cocaine, crack, methamphetamine, crystal meth, nicotine

  • Speed the central nervous system

  • Euphoria- intense feeling of elation

  • Highly addictive

  • Heart and blood vessel damage

  • Paranoia

  • Damage brain cells


Psychoactive drugs depressants

Psychoactive Drugs-Depressants

  • Depressants- Barbiturates, tranquilizers,

    Rohypnol, GHB, valium

  • Confusion

  • Memory loss Dizziness

  • Loss of consciousness

  • Date rape

  • Impaired breathing

  • Coma

  • Death


Psychoactive drugs

Psychoactive Drugs

  • Narcotics

  • Opium, Heroin, Morphine, Codeine, Vicodin, Norco, Oxycontin or Oxycodone

  • Pain relievers when used medicinally

  • Highly addictive

  • Confusion

  • Sedation

  • Unconsciousness

  • Coma

  • Respiratory distress

  • Increased risk of HIV and Hepatitis


Psychoactive drugs1

Psychoactive Drugs

  • Hallucinogens- LSD, PCP, psyilocybin mushrooms, Ecstasy (MDMA), Ketamine

  • Delusions

  • Hallucinations

  • Paranoia

  • Depression

  • Memory Loss

  • Loss of inhibitions

  • Kidney and Heart failure

  • Panic

  • Aggression, violence


Famous drug addicts or alcoholics

Famous Drug Addicts or Alcoholics

  • Kurt CobainMel Gibson

  • EminemCharlie Sheen

  • Elvis PresleyJimi Hendrix

  • Michael JacksonJim Morrison

  • John BelushiJanis Joplin

  • Amy WinehouseHeath Ledger

  • Rush LimbaughBrittany Murphy

  • Ray CharlesBetty Ford

  • Whitney HoustonRobert Downey Jr

  • Lindsay LohanChris Farley

  • Brittney SpearsRiver Phoenix


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