Chapter 15. The Roman Empire. Section 1: The Rule of Augustus (p. 233-234). Lesson Essential Question 1: How did Augustus rule the Roman Empire?. A. What did Octavian do in 27 B. C.?.
The Roman Empire
Lesson Essential Question 1: How did Augustus rule the Roman Empire?
In practice, Octavian became the first Roman emperor.
Define emperor: An emperor is an absolute ruler of an empire.
Augustus held the offices of consul, tribune, high priest, and senator all at the same time.
Augustus knew that most Romans would not accept one-person ruling unless it took the form of a republic.
Augustus wanted the boundaries of the empire to be defendable, so he rounded out the empire to natural boundaries.
Lesson Essential Question 2: What happened during Pax Romana?
It was the 200 years of Roman peace brought by Augustus. While there were some revolts and problems, for the most part, Rome and its people prospered.
Lesson Essential Question 3 – What was daily life like for the Romans?
During the early years, about 1 million people lived in Rome.
One problem was too little housing.
The air was polluted.
There was crime in the streets.
The cost of living was high.
Many Romans could not find jobs.
They had to pay taxes on almost everything.
1. The Father
2. Cousins were expected to help one another politically.
The Romans gambled with dice at home.
The games included circuses, chariot races, and gladiatorial games.
The Circus Maximus was an oval arena where chariot races were held. It could seat more than 200,000 people.
Lesson Essential Question 4: Why did the Roman Empire decline?
2. The second reason for Rome’s downfall was economic.
3. The third major reason Rome fell centered on foreign enemies.
Lesson Essential Question 5 – What efforts were made to save the Roman Empire?
Diocletian was the son of a freedman.
Diocletian made the policy rule by divine right for the emperor.
A policy in which an emperors’ powers and the right to rule did not come from the people but from the gods.
Constantine moved the capital from a dying Rome east to a new city called Constantinople in present-day Turkey. Constantinople was wealthier than Rome.
One reason the Germans were able to defeat the Romans was because an invention the Germans borrowed from the Huns, the iron stirrup.