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English 11 Literary Terms. Archetypes=Type. Hero/Heroine. The chief character in a work of literature . Trickster. Faithful Companion. Outsider/Outcast. Rugged Individualist. Innocent. Villain. Caretaker. Earth Mother. Rebel. Misfit. English 11 Literary Terms. Dramatic Conventions.

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English 11 literary terms

English 11 Literary Terms

Archetypes=Type


Hero heroine
Hero/Heroine

  • The chief character in a work of literature.












English 11 literary terms1
English 11 Literary Terms

Dramatic Conventions


Stage directions
Stage Directions

  • Written notes within plays which explain movements, gestures, and appearance of actors or actresses in a play


Soliloquy
Soliloquy

  • A character speaks directly to the audience (thinking aloud about motives, feelings, and decisions)


Monologue
Monologue

  • A single person speaking, with or without an audience


Aside
Aside

  • A character speaks in such a way that some of the characters on stage do not hear what is said (while others do)


Verbal irony
Verbal Irony

  • When someone states one thing and means another


Situational irony
Situational Irony

  • Contrast between what is expected to happen and what actually does happen

    Ex. Someone who is loved commits suicide


Dramatic irony
Dramatic Irony

  • When readers know more about the situation than the characters do


Catharsis
Catharsis

  • Explains the effects of tragic drama on an audience



Caricature
Caricature

  • A grotesque or foolish image of a character, achieved through the exaggeration of personality traits


Foil

  • A minor character introduced in order to represent the abilities of a more significant character

    (Ex.Millhouse serves as a foil to Bart Simpson.)


Tragedy
Tragedy

  • Traces the career and downfall of an individual


Voice
Voice

  • Clarifies the persona of the narrative


Figurative literal language
Figurative & Literal Language

  • Figurative Language-an exaggeration

  • Literal Language-literally true


Imagery
Imagery

  • All of the words which refer to the objects or qualities which appeal to the senses and feelings


Apostrophe
Apostrophe

  • A rhetorical (not requiring a response) term for a speech addresses to someone or something in the beginning of a poem or essay

    Clue: When your parents ask, “Who do you think you are?” You are not supposed to respond.


Metonymy
Metonymy

  • The substitution of the name of a thing by the name of an attribute of it,

    (Ex.the “crown” =monarchy)


Synecdoche
Synecdoche

  • A part is used to describe the whole.

  • Ex: all hands on deck=sailors

  • All aboard=boarding a train



Rhetorical question

Rhetorical Question

Not requiring a response


Tone

The manner or mood of a passage


Diction
Diction

  • Choice of words in a piece of work; the kind of vocabulary that is used

i.e. Shakespearean language in a Shakespeare play

Slang is used in an Eminem movie


Dialect
Dialect

  • The style and manner of speaking from one particular area

    (Ex.New Yorkers are from “New Yark”)


Sarcasm
Sarcasm

  • An ironical statement intended to hurt or insult

    (ex. “Brilliant,” stated to a student who is clearly wrong.)



Satire
Satire

  • Literature which represents something in a comical sense, making it appear ridiculous


Parallelism
Parallelism

  • The building up of sentence or statement using repeated syntactic units (repeated words and sounds)


Colloquialism vernacular
Colloquialism/Vernacular

  • The use of the kinds of expression and grammar associated with ordinary, everyday speech rather than formal language

Ex. Cool, Phat!


Connotation denotation
Connotation/Denotation

  • Connotation-emotional response evoked by a word

    Ex. Kitten=soft, warm, cuddly

  • Denotation-literal meaning

    Ex. Kitten=young cat


Pun

  • The use of a word in a way that plays on its different meanings.

    Ex. “The hungry gorilla went ape.”


Irony
Irony

  • Contrast between appearance and actuality


Stream of consciousness
Stream of Consciousness

  • Present the flow of a character’s seemingly unconnected thoughts, responses, and sensations.



Gothic

Gothic

Grotesque characters, bizarre situations, and violent events


Historical fiction
Historical Fiction

  • Fiction that is loosely based on some historical period


Proverb
Proverb

  • Short popular saying embodying a general truth

    Ex. “Look before you leap”


Aphorism
Aphorism

  • A generally accepted principle or truth expressed in a short, witty manner

    Ex. “A rolling stone gathers no moss.”


Epigram
Epigram

  • Originally an inscription on a monument…now used to describe a witty saying or poem with a sharp, satiric, or amusing ending

    Ex: “In God We Trust”


Tall tale
Tall Tale

  • Humorous story characterized by exaggeration

  • Ex: Jack and the Beanstalk



Rhyme

Rhyme

Similarity of sound between two words


Meter
Meter

  • The repetition of a regular rhythmic unit in a line of poetry.


Foot

  • One stressed syllable indicated by a `

  • Two stressed syllables indicated by a


Iamb

  • An unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable


Pentameter
Pentameter

  • Five feet


Stress
Stress

  • The accent is on a specific part of the word


Masculine rhyme
Masculine Rhyme

  • The accent is on a specific part of the word, and stressed in a deep voice.


Blank verse
Blank Verse

  • A poem written in blank verse consists of unrhymed lines of iambic pentameter.


Free verse
Free Verse

  • Poetry that does not have regular patterns of rhyme and meter


Scansion
Scansion

  • The process of determining meter; when you scan a line of poetry, you mark its stressed and unstressed syllables to identify the rhythm


Inversion
Inversion

  • Departure from normal word order, common in poetry


Alliteration
Alliteration

A sequence of repeated consonantal sounds in a stretch of language

Example: Some late visitor entreating entrance at my chamber door.” (from “The Raven” by Edgar Allen Poe)


Allusion
Allusion

  • A passing reference in a work of literature to something outside itself.

    Example: “Speak to my gossip VENUS one fair word.”


Assonance
Assonance

  • The correspondence, or near-correspondence, in two words of the stressed vowel, and sometimes those which follow, but not of the consonants (unlike rhyme).

    Example: Can and fat food and droop

    Child and silence nation and traitor


Ballad
Ballad

A poem or song which tells a story in simple, colloquial language.

Example: “O What is That Sound” by W. H. Auden


Feminine rhyme
Feminine Rhyme

  • A rhyme in which two differing sounds in two words are followed by stressed rhyming syllables and unstressed rhyming syllables

  • Example: revival, survival, arrival


End rhyme

End Rhyme

Poetry that rhymes at the end of the line


Internal rhyme

Internal Rhyme

Poetry that rhymes in the middle of the line


Slant rhyme

Slant Rhyme

Words that sounds similar with a hint of a rhyme (inexact rhyme)

Example:


Refrain
Refrain

Repeating a Stanza

Example: “Nevermore” from “The Raven” by Edgar Allan Poe


Repetition
Repetition

  • Repeating of words or sounds in poetry

  • Example: “May the warp be…/May the weft be…/May the border be…” (from the “Song of the Sky Loom,” a Navajo song)



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