The Nation Grows and Prospers. Chapter 11 Section 3: Unity and Division. An Era of Good Feelings. 1816 Election: Republican Candidate James Monroe. Federalist : Senator Rufus King of New York. Monroe Won: Last Revolutionary war officer to become president. 1817:
Chapter 11 Section 3:
Unity and Division
John C. Calhoun.
Grew up on Farm in S.C.
Supported War of 1812.
Firm Defender of Slavery.
Opposed policies that would strengthen the power of the Federal Government.
Most skillful Public Speaker of his time.
Opposed War of 1812.
Refused to vote for taxes to pay for the war effort.
Wanted the Fed Gov. to take a larger role in building the nations economy.
Slavery was evil…
Was leader of the War Hawks.
“Gallant Harry of the West”
Favored a more active role for the Central Gov. in promoting the Country’s growth.
Chief Justice: John Marshall.
Promote Economic Growth.
Congress Chartered 2nd Bank of the U.S.
NY law: Tried to control steamboat travel between NY and NJ.
Supreme court upheld power of the Fed Gov. to regulate trade between states.
States can only regulate trade within own boarders.
Only Fed Gov. had power to regulate interstate commence: (trade between different states).
What were the pros and cons of the Tariff of 1816?
What was the American System?
How did the Supreme Court Rulings give the Federal Government greater Power?
Section 4 Chapter 11
Mexican Village of Dolores.
Called Indians to join struggle to make Mexico Independent from Spain.
Spain’s American colonies people wanted independence.
Wanted a role in Government.
Wealthy Creoles (people born to Spanish parents) were even unhappy.
Indians were in debt. due to Spanish harsh rules.
New nations modeled their constitutions on that of the U.S.
Latin America did not unite into a single Country.
Geography made it difficult.
Hard time setting up Stable Gov.
Powerful Leaders took advantage of this and seized control.
These New nations were often unable to achieve democratic rule.
1823: Doctrine: (Foreign Policy).
Declared that the U.S. would not interfere in the affairs of European Nations or existing colonies of the European nations.
U.S. would oppose any attempt to build new colonies in the Americas.
Warned European Nations not to attempt to regain control of the independent Nations of Latin Amer.
Doctrine successfully challenged European Intervention (direct Involvement), in Latin America.
Who was Father Miguel Hidalgo?
Who were known as the Black Seminoles?
What was the Monroe Doctrine?