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Please enter the room quietly and make note of the class work and homework in 
your agendas. Will the person responsible for retrieving 
the journals for your rows please do so. . TIPS ON NOTE TAKING:.

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slide1

Please enter the room quietly and make note of the class work and homework in 
your agendas.

Will the person responsible for retrieving 
the journals for your rows please do so.

slide2

TIPS ON NOTE TAKING:

GREEN - Don\'t write it down if you don\'t want. It is there 
for to read and make a mental note.

BLUE - You should write this information down, but put it in 
your own words. Don\'t worry about coping it exactly. Put 
it in a way that you\'ll remember.

BLACK - You need to write this down. It is important. If 
you can find a way to write it using less words that okay, but 
make sure you are getting this information in your notes.

RED - This is very important and needs to be written in your 
notes EXACTLY as it is on the board.

slide3

VOCAB WORD SEARCH (pages 92 - 96):

caliphate -

dynasty -

treaty -

Abu al-Abbas -

Sultan -

levy -

distinct -

slide4

VOCAB WORD SEARCH (pages 92 - 96):

caliphate -

rule by caliph.

dynasty -

treaty -

Abu al-Abbas -

Sultan -

levy -

distinct -

slide5

VOCAB WORD SEARCH (pages 92 - 96):

caliphate -

rule by caliph.

dynasty -

a family that holds political power through 
many generations.

treaty -

Abu al-Abbas -

Sultan -

levy -

distinct -

slide6

VOCAB WORD SEARCH (pages 92 - 96):

caliphate -

rule by caliph.

dynasty -

a family that holds political power through 
many generations.

treaty -

a written agreement between countries and 
people.

Abu al-Abbas -

Sultan -

levy -

distinct -

slide7

VOCAB WORD SEARCH (pages 92 - 96):

caliphate -

rule by caliph.

dynasty -

a family that holds political power through 
many generations.

treaty -

a written agreement between countries and 
people.

Abu al-Abbas -

The first ruler of the Abbasid dynasty. 
A ruthless man known as the "blood 
spiller."

Sultan -

levy -

distinct -

slide8

VOCAB WORD SEARCH (pages 92 - 96):

caliphate -

rule by caliph.

dynasty -

a family that holds political power through 
many generations.

treaty -

a written agreement between countries and 
people.

Abu al-Abbas -

The first ruler of the Abbasid dynasty. 
A ruthless man known as the "blood 
spiller."

Sultan -

Muslim ruler.

levy -

distinct -

slide9

VOCAB WORD SEARCH (pages 92 - 96):

caliphate -

rule by caliph.

dynasty -

a family that holds political power through 
many generations.

treaty -

a written agreement between countries and 
people.

Abu al-Abbas -

The first ruler of the Abbasid dynasty. 
A ruthless man known as the "blood 
spiller."

Sultan -

Muslim ruler.

to make someone pay (a tax or a charge).

levy -

distinct -

slide10

VOCAB WORD SEARCH (pages 92 - 96):

caliphate -

rule by caliph.

dynasty -

a family that holds political power through 
many generations.

treaty -

a written agreement between countries and 
people.

Abu al-Abbas -

The first ruler of the Abbasid dynasty. 
A ruthless man known as the "blood 
spiller."

Sultan -

Muslim ruler.

to make someone pay (a tax or a charge).

levy -

distinct -

clearly different or separate.

slide11

The Expansion of Muslim Rule

How did Muslim rule expand?

slide12

The First Caliphs

What is a caliph?

slide13

The First Caliphs

* The leadership of the early 
Muslims was known as a caliphate.

* First four caliphs were elected by Muslim community leaders.

* As their territory expanded the 
Muslims set up military camps and 
continued to conquer more areas.

* Ali ibn Abu Talib, Muhammad\'s 
cousin became the fourth caliph in 
656. He made many enemies and was 
assassinated.

Ali ibn Abu Talib

slide14

The Umayyad Dynasty

What is a dynasty and how was it different than a 
standard caliphate?

slide15

The Umayyad Dynasty

* In the Umayyad Dynasty caliph 
rule was passed down within the family.

* They moved the capital from 
Medina to Damascus and the caliph 
ruled more like a king.

* The caliphate reaches its greatest size. Their armies conquered North African and Spain.

slide16

The Umayyad Dynasty

* As the caliphate expanded 
relationships between Arabs and 
non-Arabs change.

* Arabs interact with Christians, Jews, Greeks and Persians.

* Many non-Arabs adopted 
Islam and learn the Arabic 
language.

slide18

The Abbasid Dynasty

How do you think one dynasties takes the place of 
another?

slide19

The Abbasid Dynasty

* The Abbasid Dynasty overthrew 
the Umayyad Dynasty in 750 AD.

* They build a new capital of 
Baghdad (is located in present 
day Iraq). Baghdad became the center of art, science and learning.

* The Abbasid Dynasty became 
known as the Golden Age because 
of the accomplishments in art, 
architecture and literature.

* During their time in power they 
expanded the government of the 
Abbasid and opened up government 
services to non-Arabs.

slide20

“This island between the Tigris and the Euphrates is a 
marketplace for the world. It will be the highway for 
people. It will surely be the most flourishing city in the 
world.” Jafar Al Mansur 752

What do you think Jafar Al Mansur meant when he 
said this about Baghdad?

slide22

The End of the Abbasid Rule

* In 756 Spain fought and became 
independent of the Abbasid 
caliphate.

* This weakened the Abbasid 
hold in Europe.

* In the 900s AD Turkish tribes 
invade Abbasid territory and take over Baghdad.

* In the 1200s Mongols attacked 
Baghdad and massacred the caliphate 
that was still there.

slide23

The Ottoman Empire

What do you think the difference is between a 
dynasty and an empire?

slide24

The Ottoman Empire

* The Mongol invasion shattered the caliphate.

* Small Islamic states survived, each governed by its own sultan. The most powerful was the Ottoman Empire.

* In the 1300s, the Ottomans 
attack the Byzantine Empire.

* They took over Constantinople 
in 1453. (Renamed it Istanbul).

* They controlled The lands of 
Eastern Europe and Egypt until 
the 1900s

slide26

Important things to remember:

* In 656 Ali, Muhammad\'s cousin became the fourth caliph.

* The Abbasid Dynasty was known as the Golden Age 
because of accomplishments in art, architecture and 
literature.

* Baghdad became the central city of the Abbasid Dynasty.

slide27

Use your textbook pages 92-96 to complete your worksheet:

Work on top 
half first.

Work on the 
bottom half 
second.

slide30

Flip over your worksheet:

Quick Write: Choose and answer three of these questions on 
the back of your worksheet.

1) How did expansion change the Muslim Empire?

2) What effects did losing battles have on the Umayyad 
caliphate?

3) How would you characterize the causes and effects 
of Abbasid rule?

4) How did the Abbasid Dynasty change Muslim society?

5) What events proved that the power of the Abbasids 
was weakening?

slide31

The Abbasid Dynasty (Video):

1) What began with the Abbasid Dynasty and what was name of their new capital?

2) Between which two rivers was Baghdad located and what did it serve as a crossroads for?

3) How was Baghdad constructed (what shape) and what protected it?

4) What was one of the Abbasid\'s achievements?

5) What was one of the reasons for the fall downfall of the Abbasid?

slide32

Homework:

Directions: Choose one of the dynasties that we discussed in class and create a bubble map about it. You must provide no less than four descriptions of the dynasty you choose.

List of Dynasties: Umayyad Dynasty

Abbassid Dynasty

Ottoman Empire

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