Performance and portfolio assessment
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Performance and Portfolio Assessment. Performance Assessment. An assessment in which the teacher observes and makes a judgement about a student’s demonstration of a skill or competency in creating a product. Similar terms include: authentic assessment. alternative assessment.

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Performance and Portfolio Assessment

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Performance and portfolio assessment

Performance and Portfolio Assessment


Performance assessment

Performance Assessment

  • An assessment in which the teacher observes and makes a judgement about a student’s demonstration of a skill or competency in creating a product.

  • Similar terms include:

  • authentic assessment.

  • alternative assessment.

  • portfolio assessment


Performance assessment techniques

Performance Assessment Techniques

  • Individual Projects.

  • Group Projects.

  • Interviews and Oral Presentations.

  • Constructed Response Questions.

  • Essays.

  • Experiments.

  • Demonstrations.


Performance assessment techniques individual projects

Performance Assessment TechniquesIndividual Projects

  • Comprehensive demonstrations of skills or knowledge.

  • Usually require student initiative and creativity.

  • Trained judges (often teachers) score projects against predetermined standards of quality.

  • Science fair projects areexamples.


Performance assessment techniques group projects

Performance Assessment TechniquesGroup Projects

  • Similar to individual projects.

  • A number of students work cooperatively on a complex problem.

  • Trained judges (often teachers) score projects against predetermined standards of quality.


Performance assessment techniques interviews oral presentations

Performance Assessment TechniquesInterviews/Oral Presentations

  • Allow verbalization of knowledge.

  • Interviews are particularly effective with younger children.

  • Examples of usage include foreign language assessment, and

  • Solutions to math or science problems.


Performance assessment techniques experiments

Performance Assessment TechniquesExperiments

  • Primarily used for assessing learning in science.

  • Several national organizations (e.g., AAAS, NSTA, NSF) advocate the use of experiments in classroom assessment of science concepts.

  • Again, trained judges (often teachers) score projects against predetermined standards of quality


Performance assessment techniques demonstrations

Performance Assessment TechniquesDemonstrations

  • Give students the opportunity to show their mastery of subject-area content and procedures.

  • In physics, for example, use pulleys, gears, and inclined planes to move objects.


Performance assessment techniques portfolios

Performance Assessment TechniquesPortfolios

  • Collections of student work provide a portrait of individual performance over time.

  • Typically, students are asked to evaluate the work they select for inclusion.


Performance assessment advantages and limitations

Advantages

Assessment of complex, higher-order learning targets.

Students actively engaged in learning while being assessed.

Forces teachers to use multiple criteria.

Limitations

Weaker reliability.

Limited sampling of learning targets.

Time-consuming.

Not good for assessing knowledge learning targets.

Performance Assessment:Advantages and Limitations


Performance assessment most serious limitation

Performance Assessment:Most Serious Limitation

Limited Generalizability

  • Students respond to fewer tasks.

  • Makes it difficult to draw inferences about general abilities.

    • If the performance is successful can we infer that the student would do well on other tasks?

    • If performance is unsuccessful can we infer that the student would do poorly on other tasks?


Performance assessments three essential components

Performance Assessments:Three essential components

  • Popham contends, and most experts agree, that a performance assessment should contain the following three components:

    • Multiple criteria.

    • Pre-specified quality standards.

    • Judgmental appraisal.

  • In addition, performance assessments can be either simulated or authentic.


Performance assessment components popham

Performance Assessment:Components (Popham)

  • Identify the purpose for the assessment.

  • Identify the learning target.

  • Identify activities that illustrate acquisition of the targeted capability.

  • Identify the types of evidence needed to infer skill acquisition.

  • Identify the standards to be used.

  • Place all this in the rubric.


Performance assessment evaluating the rubric

Performance Assessment:Evaluating the Rubric

  • Does it identify critical components of the learning target?

  • Does it identify “observable” behaviors or outcomes?

  • Is it appropriate for the students being assessed?

  • Does it apply across contexts that call for similar behaviors?

  • Does it specify levels of accomplishment?


Vehicles for recording evidence of skill acquisition

Vehicles for RecordingEvidence of Skill Acquisition

  • Rating Scales

    • Assess the degree or adequacy of attainment of the learning target.

  • Checklists

    • Assess presence or absence of skill acquisition.

  • Anecdotal Records

    • Assess atypical or unusual behaviors on selected children for future reference.


Portfolios advantages and limitations

Advantages

Authenticity.

Show growth.

Empower students.

Foster communication.

Great instruc-tional tool.

Limitations

Many uses of classroom assessment are not served well with portfolios.

Time consuming.

Psychometric problems:

with validity.

with reliability.

Portfolios:Advantages and Limitations


Portfolio assessment

Portfolio Assessment

Assessment or instruction aid?

Types of portfolios:

Purposeful portfolios.

Document progress.

Showcase accomplishments.

Evaluate student status.

Work-sample portfolios ( Document typical performance).

Appraising portfolios (Scored w/ a rubric).


Performance and portfolio assessment

End


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