World war one the beginning
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World War One: The Beginning. World War I (1914-1918) was caused by competition among industrial nations in Europe and a failure of diplomacy. The war transformed European and American life, wrecked the economies of Europe, and planted the seeds for a second world war. Essential Questions.

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World War One: The Beginning

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World war one the beginning

World War One: The Beginning

World War I (1914-1918) was caused

by competition among industrial

nations in Europe and a failure of

diplomacy. The war transformed

European and American life, wrecked

the economies of Europe, and planted

the seeds for a second world war.


Essential questions

Essential Questions

  • What were the factors that produced

    World War I?

  • What were the major events of the war?

  • Who were the major leaders?

  • What were the outcomes and global

    effects of World War I?

  • What were the terms of the Treaty of

    Versailles?


Europe 1914

Europe 1914


Europe 1918

Europe 1918


Causes of world war i 1914 1918

Causes of World War I: (1914-1918)

The MAIN causes of World War I were…

Militarism:

glorification of military

strong militaries seen as power

desire to fight for country

Alliances:

countries agreed to support each other

Imperialism:

compete for land & resources

Nationalism:

France: defeated in F-P war, desire to regain power

Germany: newly formed nation, strong military

Russia: Pan-Slavism (support Serbia, Slavic state)


World war one the beginning

The Alliance System

  • Triple Alliance [Central Powers]

    • Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy

    • Italy refuses to honor alliance in WWI

    • Ottoman Empire joins the Central Powers

  • Triple Entente [Allied Powers]

    • France, Russia, and Great Britain

    • Later joined by Italy in 1915

    • USA becomes an associated power during WWI


Allied vs central

Allied vs. Central

Austria-Hungary

Germany

Italy

(Triple Alliance)

Ottoman Empire

Bulgaria

(shut down Russia’s use

of transportation in the

Black sea & Mediterranean)

  • Serbia

  • Russia

  • France

  • (Schlieffen Plan)

  • Belgium

  • Great Britain

  • United States

  • Japan (make box on bottom of chart)

  • Greece (make box on bottom of chart)

*In addition to these nations, all of the colonies that belonged to the above nations also participated in WWI.


World war one the beginning

Why did each country enter World War I?


Central powers

Allied Powers VS.Central Powers

Central Powers


Allied powers

Allied Powers


Greece and japan why did they join

Greece and Japan:Why did they join?

  • Greece

    • Series of internal debates

    • Change in leadership—support Allied Powers

  • Japan

    • Expand sphere of influence in China


Schlieffen plan

German plan

Goal: avoid a 2 front war

Through neutral Belgium into France

Concentrate troops in the west-quickly defeat French

Belgium enters war

Ultimately failed

Schlieffen Plan


The assassination of archduke franz ferdinand june 1914

The Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, June 1914

Assassinated by Gavrilo Princep, a Serbian Nationalist.

Sparked a chain reaction of events that had disastrous consequences.


July crisis

“July Crisis”

Austrian officials saw nationalist minority groups as threat to monarch

Assassination opportunity to crush Serbian-sponsored movement in Bosnia… (justification to take action)

A-H dispatched an “ultimatum” that Serbia couldn’t accept in 48 Hours.


July crisis cont

July Crisis cont.

Serb military mobilizes and so does Austria

Austria declares war (given the support from Germany)

Germany then issues ultimatum to Russia demanding cessation of military measures against A-H; Russia doesn’t respect it and thus Germany declares war!!!


World war i

World War I

  • Label paper “World War 1 Video Notes”

  • Notes: key events, people, technology

    (Saw video in English!!)


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