World War One: The Beginning. World War I (1914-1918) was caused by competition among industrial nations in Europe and a failure of diplomacy. The war transformed European and American life, wrecked the economies of Europe, and planted the seeds for a second world war. Essential Questions.
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World War I (1914-1918) was caused
by competition among industrial
nations in Europe and a failure of
diplomacy. The war transformed
European and American life, wrecked
the economies of Europe, and planted
the seeds for a second world war.
World War I?
effects of World War I?
The MAIN causes of World War I were…
glorification of military
strong militaries seen as power
desire to fight for country
countries agreed to support each other
compete for land & resources
France: defeated in F-P war, desire to regain power
Germany: newly formed nation, strong military
Russia: Pan-Slavism (support Serbia, Slavic state)
The Alliance System
(shut down Russia’s use
of transportation in the
Black sea & Mediterranean)
*In addition to these nations, all of the colonies that belonged to the above nations also participated in WWI.
Why did each country enter World War I?
Allied Powers VS.Central Powers
Goal: avoid a 2 front war
Through neutral Belgium into France
Concentrate troops in the west-quickly defeat French
Belgium enters war
Assassinated by Gavrilo Princep, a Serbian Nationalist.
Sparked a chain reaction of events that had disastrous consequences.
Austrian officials saw nationalist minority groups as threat to monarch
Assassination opportunity to crush Serbian-sponsored movement in Bosnia… (justification to take action)
A-H dispatched an “ultimatum” that Serbia couldn’t accept in 48 Hours.
Serb military mobilizes and so does Austria
Austria declares war (given the support from Germany)
Germany then issues ultimatum to Russia demanding cessation of military measures against A-H; Russia doesn’t respect it and thus Germany declares war!!!
(Saw video in English!!)