Measuring R&D Personnel. South East Asian Regional Workshop on Science, Technology and Innovation Statistics Hanoi, Viet Nam 5-8 December 2011. Martin Schaaper. Frascati Manual deals with “input indicators”. R&D Personnel
South East Asian Regional Workshop on Science, Technology and Innovation Statistics
Hanoi, Viet Nam5-8 December 2011
Both inputs are necessary to secure an adequate representation of the effort devoted to R&D
R&D Personnel consist of:
professionals engaged in the conception or creation of new knowledge, products, processes, methods and systems and also in the management of the projects concerned
Other supporting staffincludes
skilled and unskilled craftsmen, secretarial and clerical staff participating in R&Dprojects or directly associated with such projects.
“Headcount (HC)” dataare data on the total number of persons who are mainly or partially employed on R&D.
Headcount data are the most appropriate measure for collecting additional information about R&D personnel, such as age, gender or national origin.
FTE is the true measure of the volume of R&D
(Dedication to the employment: FT/PT) x (Portion of the year active on R&D) x (Time or portion spent on R&D)
FT: > 90%
FT: Full time; PT: Part time; SPT: Significantly Part time
Definition of working time of an academic teacher/researcher
much of their professional activity – notably R&D – is carried out outside “normal working hours”.
Calculation of full-time equivalence
Time-use surveys: (repeat every 5-6 years)
– Undergraduate teaching time: … %
– Postgraduate course-work time: … %
– Postgraduate research time: … %
– Personal research time: … %
– Administration: … %
– Examinations: … %
– Student counseling: … %
– Unallocable internal time: … %
– External professional time: … %
– Total 100%
(b) Based on estimates by the heads of university departments or institutes
Sources of information
Accuracy of the coefficients depends on the quality of judgement.
FTE is key to adequately calculating GERD
Note: ISCED is under revision