Design for Sustainability and the Environment
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 15

Standards in Sustainable Engineering and Design Doctor of Philosophy Viva Presentation PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 88 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Design for Sustainability and the Environment. Standards in Sustainable Engineering and Design Doctor of Philosophy Viva Presentation Alexander V. C. Plant B.Sc.( Hons ), M.A, MMC, MIED Postgraduate Researcher Supervisors: Prof. David J. Harrison Rev. Dr. Brian J. Griffiths.

Download Presentation

Standards in Sustainable Engineering and Design Doctor of Philosophy Viva Presentation

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Standards in sustainable engineering and design doctor of philosophy viva presentation

Design for Sustainability and the Environment

Standards in Sustainable Engineering and Design

Doctor of Philosophy Viva Presentation

Alexander V. C. Plant

B.Sc.(Hons), M.A, MMC, MIED

Postgraduate Researcher

Supervisors: Prof. David J. Harrison

Rev. Dr. Brian J. Griffiths


Standards in sustainable engineering and design doctor of philosophy viva presentation

Design for Sustainability and the Environment

  • Manufacture

    • Assembly

      • Disassembly

        • End-of-life Processing

  • BS 8887-1


Standards in sustainable engineering and design doctor of philosophy viva presentation

Research Questions

What types of organizations have acquired BS 8887-1?

What are their motives?

Are there examples of BS 8887-1 being used commercially?

Can BS 8887-1 contribute to profit?

How and why has BS 8887-1 been integrated into the design process?

What is the relationship between legislation and standards?

What has motivated producers to consider ESD?


Standards in sustainable engineering and design doctor of philosophy viva presentation

Research Methods

Quantitative:

Novel use of Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) applied to BS 8887-1 user group

Use of databases e.g. QA Register (United Kingdom Register of Quality Assessed Companies), FAME (financial analysis) and Companies House

Comparative analysis using data from the Office for National Statistics (ONS)

Clustering data from multiple sources

Graphical representation of results – charts, graphs, maps etc.

Novel representation of SIC system as a multi-level chart

Quantitative analysis of qualitative data


Standards in sustainable engineering and design doctor of philosophy viva presentation

Research Methods

Qualitative:

Literature review

Semi-structured interviews

Computerised qualitative data analysis

Cross-referencing of field data with published sources


Standards in sustainable engineering and design doctor of philosophy viva presentation

Characteristics of organizations that accessed BS 8887-1

Commercial businesses

Based in England

Aged between 21 and 50 years old

Medium or large enterprises

Engineering companies that manufacture products and equipment, especially electrical, electronic and mechanical goods

ISO 9001 certified


Standards in sustainable engineering and design doctor of philosophy viva presentation

Qualitative Research Method

Prepared Questions

Interview 1

Semi-structured Interviews

Interview 2

Code A

Code B

Transcription

The thematic arrangement of data allowed efficient comparison of related statements from multiple sources

Code C

Interview 3

Data Analysis


Standards in sustainable engineering and design doctor of philosophy viva presentation

Quantitative Analysis of the Interview Data

BS 8887-1 had been read and considered at over 25% of the organizations contacted, and used by at least nine

Participants were primarily interested in BS 8887-1 for its ESD content, commercial benefit attainable through DfM and meeting legislative requirements

The major incentives for ESD were customer demand, extended producer responsibility (EPR) legislation and individuals with an interest in sustainability


Standards in sustainable engineering and design doctor of philosophy viva presentation

STANDARDS AND DESIGN FOR ENVIRONMENT

CORE PHASES

BS 8887-1 USED TO INFORM THE DESIGN PROCESS, SUPPORT MANUFACTURERS IN MEETING THE REQUIREMENTS OF EPR LEGISLATION, MINIMISE NEGATIVE PRODUCT LIFE-CYCLE IMPACTS AND SUPPORT DFE

LEGISLATION AND CUSTOMER DEMAND MOTIVATE DFE IN NPD

MARKET

ISO 14001 CERTIFICATION COMMONLY REQUIRED OF SUPPLIERS

RELEVANT PRODUCT-SPECIFIC STANDARDS REFERENCED

SPECIFICATION

EPR SUPPORTED BY BS 8887-1

CONCEPTS DEVELOPED TO MEET REQUIREMENTS INCLUDING DFE

CONCEPTDESIGN

SUSTAINABILITY CONSIDERED EARLY IN THE DESIGN PROCESS

DFM, DFA, DFD, DFEOL APPLIED

DETAILDESIGN

  • COMPANY PROCEDURES REFERRED TO BS 8887-1

STANDARDS REVIEWED FOR COMPLIANCE AND VERIFICATION

MANUFACTURE

DFD FACILITATES SEPARATION OF WEEE FROM RETURNED PRODUCT

DFD AND DFR MINIMISE REPROCESSING COST TO MANUFACTURER

SALES

DFE INCREASES PRODUCT DESIRABILITY

DFD AND DFA REDUCE WARRANTY COSTS AND FACILITATE REPAIR

USE

DFD AND DFA SUPPORT SERVICING AND PRODUCT LIFE EXTENSION

DFD AND DFR INCREASE THE VALUE OF EOL PRODUCT

EoL PROCESSING

DFE, DFD AND DFR REDUCE PRODUCT ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT

The Use Of Standards In New Product Development Model


Standards in sustainable engineering and design doctor of philosophy viva presentation

Qualitative Results

EPR legislation stimulated sales of BS 8887-1 especially among electronics equipment producers

BS 8887-1 is a good fit with best practice and has been used as a reference source to support the complete NPD process

Used in design education in connection with ESD and ELV

ESD is motivated by legislation, profit, customer demand and environmentally concerned individuals in positions of influence

Elements of BS 8887-1 have been used in connection with:

BS 8888

DfM

DfA

DfD

DfE

VE/VA

APQP

MSS

Documentation

QFD / HoQ (Proposed)


Standards in sustainable engineering and design doctor of philosophy viva presentation

Summary of Contribution to Knowledge

An analysis of the distribution of BS 8887-1 by industry sector and other quantifiable data

The identification of factors that have motivated businesses and other organizations to use BS 8887-1

Industrial examples of the financial benefits of applying design principles from BS 8887-1

Identification of methods and techniques for incorporating product life cycle planning, and meeting the requirements of BS 8887-1 in NPD

Development of two new variants of the design process


Standards in sustainable engineering and design doctor of philosophy viva presentation

Research Impact

New BSI working group formed to consider developing BS 8887 as an ISO standard

BSI is now developing a DfMADE graphical handbook

Over 15 presentations, lecturers and conference addresses given

Quotes from this research were used by BSI’s Head of Marketing to promote BS 8887 during ICoR in Glasgow

Three journal papers published (all as lead author, one peer reviewed)

Three peer reviewed journal papers pending (one as lead author)

Significantly raised the profile and awareness of BS 8887

Project website www.alexplant.co.uk receives approximately 150 visitors worldwide each month

‘Design for Life’ paper used to promote the sale of a company concerned with the development of aircraft components that last longer, and can be disassembled and repaired more easily than the current equivalent in-service version


Standards in sustainable engineering and design doctor of philosophy viva presentation

Conference Papers

Plant, A. V. C., Harrison, D. J., Griffiths, B. J. and Lam, B. (2009) ‘An Analysis of Organizations that have Purchased BS 8887-1’, Research Student Conference (ReSCon), Brunel University, 22-24 June pp. 160-162.

Plant, A. V. C., Harrison, D. J., Griffiths, B. J. and Lam, B. (2009) ‘An Investigation into Standards in Sustainable Design and Manufacture’, Sustainable Innovation: Towards a Low Carbon Innovation Revolution, Farnham Castle, 26-27 October pp.163-168.

Plant, A. V. C., Harrison, D. J., Griffiths, B. J. and Lam, B. (2010) ‘Sustainable Design Standards: Industrial Acceptance and Implementation’, Design School Research Student Conference’ (DeSReS), Loughborough University, 21 April.

Plant, A. V. C., Harrison, D. J., Griffiths, B. J. and Lam, B. (2010) ‘Economic benefits of Sustainable Design Standards in Industry’, Research Student Conference (ReSCon), Brunel University, 21-23 June pp. 82-83. (Prize Awarded for Oral Presentation).

Plant, A. V. C., Harrison, D. J., Griffiths, B. J. and De Coster, R. J. (2010) ‘Design for Manufacture and Sustainability in New Product Development’, 15th Cambridge International Manufacturing Symposium: Innovation in Global Manufacturing – New Models for Sustainable Value Capture, Institute for Manufacturing, University of Cambridge, 23-24 September.

De Coster, R. J., Bateman, R. J. and Plant, A. V. C. (2010) ‘Sustainable Development Strategies for Product Provision and Manufacturing Approaches’, 15th Cambridge International Manufacturing Symposium: Innovation in Global Manufacturing – New Models for Sustainable Value Capture, Institute for Manufacturing, University of Cambridge, 23-24 September.

Plant, A. V. C., Harrison, D. J. and Griffiths, B. J. (2011) ‘Case Studies in the Application of Sustainable Design Standards’, 16th Sustainable Design Network (SDN) Seminar: Sustainable Consumption, Nottingham Trent University, 4 April.

De Coster, R. J., Bateman, R. J. and Plant, A. V. C. (2011) ‘Sustainable Design Strategies for Electronics Products Utilising Life-cycle Assessment (LCA)’, 21st International Conference on Production Research, Stuttgart, Germany, 31 July – 4 August.


Standards in sustainable engineering and design doctor of philosophy viva presentation

Journal Papers

Plant, A. V. C., Harrison, D. J., Griffiths, B. J. and Lam, B. (2010) ‘Design Standards for Product End-of-Life Processing’, International Journal of Sustainable Engineering, 3 (3), pp. 159-169.

Plant, A. V. C., Harrison, D. J. and Griffiths, B. J. (2011) ‘Raising the Standard: A Review of Standards and Legislation in Sustainable Product Design’, The Journal of the Institution of Engineering Designers, January/February.

Plant, A. V. C., Harrison, D. J., Griffiths, B. J. and De Coster, R. J. (2011) ‘Design for Life (and beyond)’ The Journal of the Institution of Engineering Designers, March/April.

Plant, A. V. C., Harrison, D. J., Griffiths, B. J. and De Coster, R. J (2012) ‘Integrating Life Cycle Design Standards in New product Development’, Proceedings of the IMechE: Part B – Journal of Engineering Manufacture Special Issue on ‘Sustainable Manufacturing and Key Enabling Technologies’ (Pending).

De Coster, R. J., Bateman, R. J. and Plant, A. V. C. (2012) ‘Sustainable Product Development Strategies: Business Planning and Performance Implications’, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part B, Journal of Engineering Manufacture (Pending).

De Coster, R. J., Bateman, R. J. and Plant, A. V. C. (2012) ‘Supply Chain Implications of Sustainable Design Strategies for Electronics Products’, International Journal of Advanced Logistics (Pending).


  • Login