Association of American Geographers April 2007. Spatial Clustering in Juvenile Delinquency and Recidivism in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Jeremy Mennis, Phil Harris, Zoran Obradovic, Alan Izenman, Heidi Grunwald, Yilian Qin, Joseph Jupin, Brian Lockwood Temple University. A Question.
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Jeremy Mennis, Phil Harris, Zoran Obradovic, Alan Izenman, Heidi Grunwald, Yilian Qin, Joseph Jupin, Brian Lockwood
What happens when a criminologist, a geographer, a statistician, a computer scientist, and a higher education administrator get together to do interdisciplinary research on juvenile delinquency?
To develop, apply, and evaluate improved techniques to investigate the simultaneous effects of individual, program, and neighborhood forces in preventing juvenile recidivism.
A case study focusing on adjudicated juvenile delinquents assigned to court-ordered programs by the Family Court of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, during the years 1996 to 2003.
Program Development and Evaluation System (ProDES)11,659 male cases
For each case, rate is calculated over 100 nearest neighbors.
Calculation accounts for major barriers such as rivers and parks.
Each case location is considered a sample of the surface and entered into Getis Gi*.
Person Offense Recidivism
Removal from the Community
Program Design Inventory (PDI)43 programs for boys
Philadelphia Health Management Corporation (PHMC)45 neighbor-hoods
U.S. Burueau of the Census 365 tracts