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International Cooperation and Assistance – Small Arms and Light Weapons. Mat Kimberley Crisis Prevention, Stabilisation and Recovery Group Manager. Australian Aid Program - What we do. Poverty reduction and sustainable development International Aid Policy – major milestones

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International Cooperation and Assistance – Small Arms and Light Weapons

Mat Kimberley

Crisis Prevention, Stabilisation and Recovery Group Manager


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Australian Aid Program - What we do

  • Poverty reduction and sustainable development

  • International Aid Policy – major milestones

    • Millennium Declaration 2000

    • Doha Round 2001

    • Monterrey Consensus 2002

    • Rome Declaration on Harmonisation 2003

    • Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness 2005

    • Accra Agenda for Action 2008

22 June 2009/Pacific Regional SALW meeting


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Australian Aid Program - Who we work with

  • Australian Government partners

  • Non-government organisations

  • Multilateral organisations

  • Other donors

22 June 2009/Pacific Regional SALW meeting


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Australian Aid Program - How we work

  • Partner countries lead development process

  • Priorities jointly agreed

    • Country Strategies

    • Pacific Partnerships for Development

    • Program-based approaches

22 June 2009/Pacific Regional SALW meeting


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Australian Aid Program - How we work

  • Using and strengthening local systems

    • build on what works

    • formal and traditional systems

  • Different ways to build capacity

    • technical advice

    • institutional linkages and partnerships

    • operational funding and budget support

    • training and scholarships

    • regional networks and forums

22 June 2009/Pacific Regional SALW meeting


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INCREASE ACCESS TO JUSTICE AND COMMUNITY SAFETY

9

Justice & community safety - a ninth MDG?

?

22 June 2009/Pacific Regional SALW meeting


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Why justice and security matter to development

  • Justice-security-development nexus

  • Key elements of state-building and stability

  • Critical challenges

    • Justice systems are integrated

    • State systems have limitations

    • Non-state justice systems matter

22 June 2009/Pacific Regional SALW meeting


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Australia’s law and justice assistance

  • A number of Australian Government Departments and Agencies provide assistance:

  • AusAID justice sector programs

    • variation in scale and scope

    • formal and informal (non-state) systems

  • AusAID policing and security programs

    • policing, transnational crime, counter-terrorism

22 June 2009/Pacific Regional SALW meeting


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Australia’s small arms and light weapons assistance

  • Centred on practical implementation of the UN POA

  • Support for applied research

    • UNIDIR Pacific needs matching analysis

    • Armed Violence Reduction baseline survey in Timor-Leste.

  • Support for catalytic programming

    • training for marines in Mindanao, Philippines

    • Support for former children associated with armed forces and armed groups to reintegrate into society in Nepal

  • Support for international SALW mechanisms

    • development of International Small Arms Control Standards

22 June 2009/Pacific Regional SALW meeting


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Case Study: Timor-Leste

  • Austcare and Small Arms Survey: Armed Violence Baseline Assessment

    • comprehensive surveys on security sector issues.

    • policy focused research connecting civil society and communities with government bodies.

22 June 2009/Pacific Regional SALW meeting


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Case Study: Solomon Islands

  • Regional Assistance Mission to the Solomon Islands

    • Broad support aimed to ensure law and order, strengthen government institutions, and promote economic reform.

  • Programs included:

    • Firearms Amnesty

    • Support for the RSIPF

    • Capacity building within Government

    • Support to community reconciliation processes.

22 June 2009/Pacific Regional SALW meeting


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Case Study: UNIDIR Pacific research

  • Aim of the Project:

    • to identify with states what their needs are in terms of international SALW assistance and inform donors.

  • Who and where?

    • The project focused on Government officials, donors, and civil society representatives from Fiji, PNG, Vanuatu, Tonga and the Solomon Islands.

22 June 2009/Pacific Regional SALW meeting


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UNIDIR: Key needs identified by States

  • National Coordinating Agency or Body to address SALW

  • Laws, regulations and administrative procedures

  • Stockpile management and security, including inventory management

  • Law enforcement

  • Customs and borders

  • National registries and licensing

  • Security and development

22 June 2009/Pacific Regional SALW meeting


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UNIDIR: Future engagement

  • strengthening and building partnerships;

  • awareness-raising;

  • action-oriented research for greater awareness and understanding of the nature and scope of the problem;

  • sustainable development;

  • cultural issues; and

  • conflict prevention.

22 June 2009/Pacific Regional SALW meeting


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UNIDIR: Next Steps

UNIDIR would appreciate your feedback on the Report.

Please contact:

  • Kerry Maze ([email protected]) or

  • Sophia Close ([email protected])

22 June 2009/Pacific Regional SALW meeting


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Conclusion

What we have learned:

  • Development is complex

  • Understand and respect local context

  • Focus on affordable home-grown solutions

  • Be realistic and strategic about donor role

22 June 2009/Pacific Regional SALW meeting


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