Geo work plan symposium 2011 task ds 13 global ecosystems monitoring
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Geo work plan symposium 2011 task ds 13 global ecosystems monitoring

GEO Work Plan Symposium 2011Task DS – 13 Global Ecosystems Monitoring


Geo work plan symposium 2011 task ds 13 global ecosystems monitoring

GEO 2012-2015 WORK PLAN 1 INFRASTRUCTURE IN-01 GEOSS COMMON INFRASTRUCTURE IN-02 EARTH OBSERVING SYSTEMS IN-03 EARTH DATA SETS IN-04 GEOSS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS IN-05 GAP ANALYSIS 2 INSTITUTIONS AND DEVELOPMENT ID-01 DATA SHARING ID-02 CATALYZING RESOURCES FOR GEOSS IMPLEMENTATION ID-03 DEVELOPING INSTITUTIONS AND INDIVIDUAL CAPACITY ID-04 BUILDING COMMUNITIES AND INCREASING AWARENESS ID-05 ENSURING GEOSS SUSTAINABILITY 3 INFORMATION SERVICES DS-01 DISASTER RISK REDUCTION AND EARLY WARNING DS-02 HIGH-IMPACT WEATHER FORECASTING DS-03 CLIMATE INFORMATION DS-04 OCEAN MONITORING, FORECASTING AND RESOURCES MANAGEMENT DS-05 INTEGRATED WATER-CYCLE INFORMATION DS-06 DISEASE EARLY WARNING DS-07 ENERGY AND GEO-RESOURCES MANAGEMENT DS-08 HUMAN IMPACT MONITORING AND FORECASTING DS-09 GLOBAL AGRICULTURAL MONITORING AND EARLY WARNING DS-10 GLOBAL LAND COVER DS-11 GLOBAL FOREST OBSERVATION DS-12 GLOBAL CARBON OBSERVATION AND ANALYSIS DS-13 GLOBAL ECOSYSTEM MONITORING DS-14 GLOBAL BIODIVERSITY OBSERVATION (GEO BON)


Geo work plan symposium 2011 task ds 13 global ecosystems monitoring

DS-13 Global Ecosystem Monitoring

  • v0 Target (Accepted): Establish, in conjunction with a comprehensive biodiversity observation network, a wide-ranging monitoring capability for all ecosystems and the human impacts on them, to improve the assessment, protection and sustainable management of terrestrial, coastal and marine resources and the delivery of associated ecosystem services.


Geo work plan symposium 2011 task ds 13 global ecosystems monitoring

DS-13 Global Ecosystem Monitoring

  • v0 Task Definition: Implement a global standardized ecosystem classification system and map as a basis for worldwide inventory, assessment and monitoring. Implement a global, standardized inventory of major ecosystems and the protected areas within them. Increase the operational monitoring of major ecosystems on land on an annual basis, including properties such as land cover type; species composition; vegetation structure, height and age; net ecosystem productivity; and biomass and carbon estimates of vegetation and soils based on remote sensing and sampled in-situ observations using internationally agreed standards (Ecosystems Strategic Target). Develop quantitative measurements of global and regional desertification (Agriculture Strategic Target).


Geo work plan symposium 2011 task ds 13 global ecosystems monitoring

DS-13 Global Ecosystem Monitoring

  • v1 Task Definition (proposed): Implement a global standardized ecosystem classification system, map, and inventory as a basis for worldwide ecosystems assessment and monitoring. Characterize the representation of ecosystems in global protected areas and identify gaps in the protection of global ecosystems. Increase the operational monitoring on a regular basis of key ecosystems to identify changes in ecosystem extent, condition, structure, function, composition and delivery of ecosystem services.


Geo work plan symposium 2011 task ds 13 global ecosystems monitoring

DS-13 Global Ecosystem Monitoring

v0 Deliverables (Accepted with minor editorial modifications):

  • Global standardized and multiscalar ecosystem classifications, maps, and inventories, including robust characterizations of ecosystems in protected areas. To be implemented in connection with DS-14 (Global Biodiversity Observation).

  • Operational monitoring of key ecosystems including drylands and wetlands. To be implemented in connection with DS-10 (Global Land-Cover), DS-11 (Global Forest Observation), DS-12 (Global Carbon Observation and Analysis) and DS-14 (Global Biodiversity Observation).

  • Ecosystem services monitoring framework– see also DS-14 (Global Biodiversity Observation)


Geo work plan symposium 2011 task ds 13 global ecosystems monitoring

Deliverable 1

Global standardized and multiscalarecosystem classifications, maps, and inventories, including robust characterizations of ecosystems in protected areas. To be implemented in connection with DS-14 (Global Biodiversity Observation).

  • Activity 1: Develop a standardized, robust, and practical global ecosystems classification and map at management-appropriate scales for the planet’s terrestrial, freshwater, and marine ecosystems (continuation of EC-09-01a).

  • Priority Actions

    Complete Australia, China, Europe regions

    Initiate collaborations for Indonesia, Central/South Asia, Mexico/Central America/Caribbean, and Canada

    Secure funding for above

  • Leads: USGS, Regional Bodies

  • Performance Indicators: Global map complete and available


Geo work plan symposium 2011 task ds 13 global ecosystems monitoring

Deliverable 1 (continued)

  • Activity 2: Implement a global gap analysis of the representation of ecosystems in protected areas.

  • Priority Actions

    Complete global ecosystem classification and map

    Secure funding for above

    Obtain comprehensive global protected areas data

  • Leads: USGS, WCMC, Regional Bodies

  • Performance Indicators: Global ecosystems gap analysis complete and available.


Geo work plan symposium 2011 task ds 13 global ecosystems monitoring

Deliverable 2

Operational monitoring of key ecosystems including drylands and wetlands. To be implemented in connection with DS-10 (Global Land-Cover), DS-11 (Global Forest Observation), DS-12 (Global Carbon Observation and Analysis) and DS-14 (GEO BON).

  • Activity 3: For key ecosystems (e.g. moist forests, dry forests, Arctic ecosystems, wetlands, mountains, Mediterranean ecosystems, etc.) develop and initiate an operational monitoring program to assess changes in, for example, ecosystem extent, condition, structure, function, composition, and delivery of ecosystem services.

  • Priority Actions: Identify leads, secure funding for implementation

  • Leads to date: Forest ecosystems - FAO

    Arctic ecosystems – Canada and Arctic Nations Co-leads TBD

    Mountain ecosystems – EvK2CNR Committee (SHARE) (This is a continuation of EC-09-02d)

  • Performance Indicators: TBD – activity and status metrics


Geo work plan symposium 2011 task ds 13 global ecosystems monitoring

Deliverable 3

Ecosystem services monitoring framework – see also DS-14 (Global Biodiversity Observation)

Activity 4: Develop a conceptual framework and program design for using earth observations to monitor the production and delivery of ecosystem goods and services from ecosystems to consumers as a potential model for global implementation.

Priority Actions:

  • Identify ecosystem service types to be assessed

  • Identify spatial analytical unit and resolution for ecosystem services “accounting” and monitoring

  • Identify protocols and methods for operational monitoring of ecosystems services

    Leads: Canada and Co-lead TBD

    Performance Indicators: EOESI (Earth Observation Ecosystem Services Initiative) has produced a design concept for building a program to be used for national reporting/monitoring of ecosystem services


Geo work plan symposium 2011 task ds 13 global ecosystems monitoring

Task DS 13 – Global Ecosystems Monitoring

Summary of Activities

Activity 1: Develop a standardized, robust, and practical global ecosystems classification and map at management-appropriate scales for the planet’s terrestrial, freshwater, and marine ecosystems (continuation of EC-09-01a).

Activity 2: Implement a global gap analysis of the representation of ecosystems in protected areas

Activity 3: For key ecosystems (e.g. moist forests, dry forests, Arctic ecosystems, wetlands, mountains, Mediterranean ecosystems, etc.) develop and initiate an operational monitoring program to assess changes in, for example, ecosystem extent, condition, structure, function, composition, and delivery of ecosystem services.

Activity 4: Develop a conceptual framework and program design for using earth observations to monitor the production and delivery of ecosystem goods and services from ecosystems to consumers as a potential model for global implementation.


Geo work plan symposium 2011 task ds 13 global ecosystems monitoring

Related 2009-2011 Work Plan Progress

(based on input/slides from participants)


Geo work plan symposium 2011 task ds 13 global ecosystems monitoring

ValentinaCarminati, Ev-K2-CNR Committee, Italy

Elisa Vuillermoz, Ev-K2-CNR, Task Lead (PoC), Paolo Bonasoni and Angela Marinoni, CNR-ISAC & Ev-K2-CNR Committee Gianni Tartari CNR-IRSA & CEOP-HE

Related 2009-2011 Work Plan Progress

(based on input/slides from participants)

Implement the SHARE - Stations at High Altitude for Research on the Environment - monitoring network.

Provide high-quality, long-term climatic and environmental data on mountain regions (concerning atmospheric composition and meteorology, glaciology and hydrology) for the scientific community and decision-makers.

TASK-EC-09-02D: Vulnerability of Mountain Regions


Geo work plan symposium 2011 task ds 13 global ecosystems monitoring

Related 2009-2011 Sub-tasks

  • AR-09-03b) Legacy of the International Polar Year 2007-08

  • EC-09-01a) Ecosystem Classification and Mapping

  • EC-09-01b) Ecosystem Monitoring

  • EC-09-01c) Regional Networks for Ecosystems

  • EC-09-01d) Protected Areas Assessment and Monitoring

  • EC-09-01e) Forest Mapping and Change Monitoring

  • EC-09-02d) Vulnerability of Mountain Regions

  • BI-09-01a) Biodiversity Observation Network (GEO BON)


Geo work plan symposium 2011 task ds 13 global ecosystems monitoring

Inclusion of New Proposals

  • Earth Observation Ecosystem Services Initiative (EOESI) – Canada and other Co-leads TBD

  • Arctic Ecosystem Monitoring (AEM) – Canada and other Co-leads TBD

  • Coordination of Urban Observations, Monitoring, Assessment, and Modeling Initiatives – USA (Indiana State University)


Geo work plan symposium 2011 task ds 13 global ecosystems monitoring

Resources Available for Implementation

(current status and in planning)

  • …not discussed


Geo work plan symposium 2011 task ds 13 global ecosystems monitoring

Issues and Gaps

  • Funding sources need to be identified.

  • While the global ecosystem mapping work has been very closely linked to and incorporated in the GEO Biodiversity Information Network (GEO BON), a larger, single Global Ecosystems Monitoring community of practice has not been developed.

  • At present, only three major terrestrial ecosystem types (Arctic, mountains, and forests) are being monitored or are planned for monitoring.


Geo work plan symposium 2011 task ds 13 global ecosystems monitoring

Possible Measures to fill Gaps

  • Establish a Global Ecosystem Monitoring Community of Practice to engage relevant stakeholders. Identify a champion to provide the advocacy, communication, and network building skills to develop the CoP. Follow GEO guidelines for convening the CoP and registering the CoP as a GEO-affiliated body with GEO web resources.

  • Develop an initially ad hoc governance mechanism, including a DS-13 GEO ECO Steering Committee, for the Task. Ensure representation on the GEO ECO SC from the GEO BON SC


Geo work plan symposium 2011 task ds 13 global ecosystems monitoring

Open for Plenary Discussion

→ Identify Synergies

→ Improve Cross-Fertilization

→ Identify Measures and Actions to Fill Gaps


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